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Greece's Physical Features
Transcript of Greece's Physical Features
The Physical Features of the Hellenic Republic
The Adriatic Sea is a body of water separating the Italian Peninsula from the Balkan Peninsula. Adriatic's salinity is lower than the Mediterranean's because the Adriatic collects a third of the fresh water flowing into the Mediterranean
The tallest mountain in Greece is Mount Olympus. It has an elevation of 9,570 ft. Mount Olympus is snow capped and often has cloud cover. It has 52 peaks.
Olive plantations are a long-term investment: it takes more than twenty years for the tree to provide fruit. It only fruits every other year and the tree does well in rocky soil. Grapes also do well in the rocky soil, but demand a lot of care. Grapes have been grown since the Bronze age.
Bronze Age: A period in human existence marked by war and violence, following the gold and silver ages preceding the iron age.
Because of the topography of Ancient Greece, there was little flat land available. Greek farmers had to think of good ways to have more flat land. One was to build earth steps into hills. Some lucky farmers were able to grow wheat and barley, but most Greeks wanted to grow crops that needed less land, mainly grapes and olives. Inessential, Greeks would have small veggie gardens, several also planted orchards that included fruit and nut trees. Some families kept honey bees because honey was the best known sweetener in the ancient world. They also raised sheep and goats. Sheep provided wool and the goats provided milk and cheese. Farmers had a couple mule, oxen and donkeys for plowing and transportation.
Water was used for many things. It helped start colonies, it was used for travel and it helped induce trade. It helped the Greeks start colonies by helping them find a place to start a colony. Water helped induce trade because going across the sea to other countries to get/receive things that are not available in Greece. With those things being said travel ties into both of them. Since there are no rivers, were did the Greeks get their drinking water from? Well they used to collect rain water in cisterns. This is something that still happens today. Fun Fact: Greeks had a sea god named Poseidon who was the ruler of all water gods. Just to name a few, there were Oceanus, Aphrodite, Ceto, and Triton.
Induce: to assert or establish
History Alive! The Ancient World
Cisterns: a reservoir, tank, or container for storing or holding water or other liquid.
The topography of Greece made things tough. Those things were farming, traveling by land and communication. The mountainous terrain was rocky and steep therefore not allowing many farm options. Traveling was difficult because the roads were not paved and wagon wheels would break . Communication with other city-states was difficult because traveling by foot and sea would take too long and was dangerous.
What are the geographical components of Ancient Greece?