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Copy of Responding safely to emergency incident
Transcript of Copy of Responding safely to emergency incident
Emergency vehicles and equipment
Emergency vehicles must have the correct equipment in order to respond safely to any specific incident.
Driver training and driving standards for emergency response vehicles
The DSA (Driving Standards Agency) was formed in 2000 and is responsible for assessing the standards and training of all drivers driving an emergency response vehicle.
Element 1 - the ability to asses the need for a public service.
Element 2 - the ability to drive safely to the emergency.
Element 3 - the ability to demonstrate the correct attitude/ behavior when facing an emergency.
Once you have completed all elements you are then deemed to be a safe confident driver.
Public perception and their reaction to emergency response vehicles
Bad driving causes accidents. Drivers of emergency vehicles are not above the law, even when attending emergency incidents. If it has been proven that an emergency response driver was driving without care/ in a dangerous manner, they can be prosecuted in the same way as any member of the public. They can also be convicted of a serious traffic offence.
A list of emergency vehicles
Ambulance service vehicles
Fire Service vehicles
Volvo V70 T5
BMW 5 Series
A selection of 4x4 Vehicles
Ambulances with two crew members
Rapid response cars with one crew member
Standard fire engines (or fire tenders
List of the emergency equipment used
Road/ accident cones
Crowbar/ hacksaw and axe
First aid kit
Tyre deflation unit.
Immediate aid response kit
Portable oxygen sets with face masks
Battery-operated suction unit
Manual sphygmomanometer and stereoscope
Defibrillator with accessories
Drug packs, intravenous fluids and cannulae
Rigid neck collars
long spinal board, orthopedic stretchers
Vacuum splints and fracture splints
moving and handling equipment
Universal precaution equipment
Maternity pack/ blankets
Flat-head and pick-headed axe
Fire-retardant/ chemical resistant/ water resistant boots with steel toe caps.
Self-contained breathing apparatus
Helmets, face masks and visors
Fire resistant work gloves
Personal alert safety system
Hydraulic rescue tools
Duck-bill lock breaker
Laser heat gun
Thermal imaging camera
When you hear the sirens of an emergency response vehicle you move safely and quickly to get out of the way.
Members of the public usually have mixed views about the uniformed services, some think they abuse their power and jump the lights/ speed because they do not want to wait and queue for an hour. Whereas others may feel as if they are helping the public and that they are just doing there jobs.
Emergency Services Driver Accountability
The media's relationship with the uniformed services
When the police, fire brigade or ambulance is called for an emergency the media are normally attracted to the site. This helps the public services get the views of the public, so that the public services can make changes in order to improve the way that they go about their job. Therefore, the media have a duty to inform us of the behaviour of the public services.
The public services are accountable to the public, who have a right to know how their money is spent.
The impact of the highway code on response drivers
The highway code is a guide book used by UK drivers. The highway code has rules and guidelines to follow to assure you are driving safely . It applies to pedestrians, riders and drivers. It is a legal requirement to follow these rules.
The guide book was first designed in 1931 and has ever since been updated continuously.
The code makes no special provision for response drivers other than RULE 219 where it advises road users to listen for emergency vehicles and take appropriate action.
Definition - Exemption from a rule or usual requirement.
Although drivers of emergency vehicles still have to follow the highway code, when they are dealing with a threat/ emergency they are exempt from a number of rules/ regulations.
As well as responding to emergency incidents safely, the emergency services must also have the necessary equipment so that they can deal efficiently with each incident.
Police Service Drivers
Police have their own driving centres. This is where police drivers are trained and graded according to National Trading Standards, approved by the Association of Chief Police Officers (ACPO).
Police officers can be graded as:
Standard response drivers
Fire Service Drivers
The Fire Service has its own driver training centres where drivers are trained to the standards set by the Fire Authority.
To be able to drive an Emergency Fire Appliance, driver smust hold a LGV licence and have recieved the appropriate training and assessment.
Ambulance Service Drivers
Ambulance drivers need to hold C1 and D1 licences and receive the appropriate training. Some Services require drivers to hold a LGV licence. Training is carried out by an independent driver training centre.
Use of Warning Systems
Emergency service drivers must use their sirens and blue flashing lights to warn other road users that the vehicle is responding to an emergency. Flashing blue lights must ONLY be used when attending emergencies. Police drivers should also use their lights when attempting to stop another driver.
While using blue lights and audible warnings when responding to an emergency they may do the following things:
Treat a red traffic light as a give way sign
Pass to the right of a keep left bollard
Drive on a motorway hard shoulder (even against the direction of traffic)
Disobey the speed limit
Vehicles that can blue lights and sirens
Fire and Rescue Service
Human Tissue and Transplant Vehicles
National Blood Service
Bomb Disposal teams
Mines Rescue Service
Mountain Rescue Teams
Lifeboat Launching Vehicles