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Turkey

Honors World History II
by

Brooke Holdgate

on 14 June 2013

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Transcript of Turkey

CAPITAL: ANKARA
TURKEY
TOTAL POPULATION
,
,
REPUBLIC OF TURKEY
By Brooke Holdgate
PRESIDENT
Abdullah GUL
PRIME MINISTER
Recep Tayyip Erdogan
since March 14, 2003
since August 28, 2007
Judicial System
constitutional court
high court of appeals
council of state
court of accounts
military high court
military high administrative court
Official Language
Turkish
but some people speak Arabic
Religion
99% Muslim (mostly Sunni)
Muslims believe in one god named Allah and their holy book is the Qu'ran. They celebrate a holiday called Ramadan which is when they fast and pray.
Ethnic Groups
Turkish 75%
Kurdish 18%
Other 7%
voting age
Government
Constitutional Republic with
multi party parliament
Industry
25% Agriculture
25% Manufacturing
25% Mining
25% Tourism
Cash Crops: cottion, grains,
wheat, rice, corn, barley
cash crops are crops easily marketed
natural resources
Boron, copper, chromium ore
Chief agriculture: cotton,
tobacco, citrus fruit, olives,
cereals, nuts, livestock,
opium (medicine)
Automotive, construction,
and electronic industries
are rising.

FLAG OF TURKEY
Red background with white crescent and star. The crescent and star resemble Islam.
The flag was adopted June 5th 1936
Geography
The country is separated into two continents, Europe and Asia
302,535 square miles
just larger than Texas
Northwest is know as Thrace
the rest is known as Anatolia or Asia Minor
Mount Ararat is the high peak
16,940 feet high
Grasslands and thick forects in central and eastern Turkey
Agriculture
low coastal regions improve the agriculture
National Anthem
İİstiklâl Marşı
Wild animals include bears, deer, leopards, and boars.
camels and water buffalo are considered farm animals
Fun Facts
Families who can afford it purchases houses for their children as an inheritance
Soccer was introduced by the British in the 19th century
One does not point the sole of the foot towards another
Sense of humor is a sign of intelligence
Tea is a natural drink
9,000 different species of flower are found in Turkey
farmland in Turkey
History Before 1945
General Mustafa Kemal (Atatürk) started the Republic of Turkey in 1923 after the Ottoman Empire
1453 successors of the Ottoman Turks captured Constantinople and created an empire past the Byzantine Empire into the Middle East and North Africa.
2600-1200 BC the Hittite empire rules
499 BC Greeks revolt and come to power
326 AD Emperor Constantine I builds his capital Constantinople
1920-1922 Turkish War of Independence
General Mustafa Kemal
Literacy
87.4%
79.6%
95.3%
Population Growth
.
%
Net Migration Rate
.
/
population
Infant Mortality Rate
22.23/1,000 population
Sports
Camel Wrestling. When two camels bum against each other until one is knocked down or runs away
National Bird
Redwing
1,663,750 Turkish liras = 1 U.S Dollar
VS.
Birth Rate
17.22/1,000
Median Age
6.11/1,000
29.2
Death Rate
Life Expectancy
76 years old
71 years old
History After 1945
1974 Turkish troops invade Cyprus
1984 Kurds began fighting for an independent country
1999 More than 17,000 people are killed in earthquakes
1969 Turkish army took control and the next twenty years the government alternated between military and civilian rule
1983 The country returned to civilian rule
(Turkey) Telephones: 15.211
(U.S.) Telephones: 143 million

(Turkey) Cellphones: 65.322 million
(U.S.) Cellphones: 208.03 million
Mount Ararat
Unemployment
17.1%
20.7%
Expenditures
Health: 6.7 % of GDP
Education: 2.9 % of GDP
Military: 5.3 % of GDP
AIRPORTS
Temperature is hot, dry summers with mild, wet winters.
Climate
Current Events
Anti governtment riots broke out against the Prime Minister
SON
(END)
Full transcript