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Poetry Terms and Examples

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Jennifer Szymanski

on 10 February 2016

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Transcript of Poetry Terms and Examples

Poetry Terms and Examples
What is poetry?
Poetry is a form of writing that is meant to be pleasing to the eyes, ears, and mind. Poetry is efficient--each word is carefully chosen to convey the most meaning in the smallest space.
It was many and many a year ago,
In a kingdom by the sea,
That a maiden there lived whom you may know
By the name of Annabel Lee;
And this maiden she lived with no other thought
Than to love and be loved by me.
Annabelle Lee by Edgar Allan Poe

It was many and many a year ago,
In a kingdom by the sea,
That a maiden there lived whom you may know
By the name of Annabel Lee;
And this maiden she lived with no other thought
Than to love and be loved by me.
Line: a single line of text in a poem
Stanza: A group of lines in a poem.
2 line stanza: couplet
3 line stanza: triplet
4 line stanza: quatrain
5 line stanza: quintet
6 line stanza: sextet
8 line stanza: octave
enjambment: A line of a poem which carries on to the next line without punctuation. Also called a run-on line. Don't pause when reading if the end of a line is enjambed.
End rhyme: Words at the end
of two or more lines that rhyme
Rhyme scheme: a pattern of end rhyme
that carries throughout a poem.
It was many and many a year ago,
a
In a kingdom by the sea,
b
That a maiden there lived whom you may know
a
By the name of Annabel Lee;
b
And this maiden she lived with no other thought
c
Than to love and be loved by me.
b
For the moon never beams, without bringing me dreams
Of the beautiful Annabel Lee;
And the stars never rise, but I feel the bright eyes
Of the beautiful Annabel Lee;
And so, all the night-tide, I lie down by the side
Of my darling—my darling—my life and my bride,
In her sepulchre there by the sea—
In her tomb by the sounding sea.
Internal rhyme: words within a single line
that rhyme.
For the moon never beams, without bringing me dreams
Of the beautiful Annabel Lee;
And the stars never rise, but I feel the bright eyes
Of the beautiful Annabel Lee;
And so, all the night-tide, I lie down by the side
In her sepulchre there by the sea—
Of my darling—my darling—my life and my bride,
In her tomb by the sounding sea.
consonance: the repetition of consonant sounds within a series of words. Can be at the beginning, middle, or end of the words.
assonance: the repetition of vowel
sounds within a series of words.
alliteration: the repetition of consonant sounds
at the beginning of words in a series.
speaker: the narrator of a poem
meter: a series of stressed and unstressed syllables in a line; the rhythm of a poem.
Lyric: a poem with a regular meter and rhyme scheme that expresses the feelings of the poet, usually told in first person. Think "song lyrics".
narrative: a poem that tells a story
haiku: a three line poem in which the first and third lines contain 5 syllables and the second line contains 7 syllables.
Ballad: a narrative poem that tells of heroic adventures.
free verse: a poem with no regular meter or rhyme scheme.
I was a child and she was a child,
in this kingdom by the sea,
But we loved with a love that was more than love--
I and my Annabel Lee--
With a love that the winged seraphs of Heaven
Coveted her and me.

symbolism: the deeper meaning something in a text represents beyond itself.
connotation: what a word or phrase REALLY means beyond its denotation.
denotation: the dictionary definition of a word or phrase
Imperfect Rhyme: When two words share a similar spelling or sound, but do not quite rhyme exactly.
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