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ESL

ESL
by

Bradley Leake

on 22 May 2010

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Transcript of ESL

Bradley Leake
Literacy Methods
in
Bilingual/ESL Settings
Dr. Ruebel
Spring 2010 Strategies
Resources
and
Key Concepts Important Terminology BICS- Basic Interpersonal Communication Skills

CALP- Cognitive Academic Language Proficiency

ELD- English Language Development

ESL- English as a Second Language

ELL- English Language Learner

ESOL- English for Speakers of Other Languages

The Importance of ESL The benefits of ESL programs are far beyond the educational and employment opportunities it renders. An ESL program can help improve an individual’s linguistic skills, thereby making them adept in comprehending complexities arising as a result of the language’s grammar as well as meaning. Also, included in ESL programs’ advantages are improved social interaction skills and ability to work in a creative environment. (Literacy News, 2009) In 1979, approximately 1.25 million students in U.S. schools were identified as English-language learners. By 1995, that number had almost doubled to 2.44 million students (National Center for Education Statistics, 1997a). In 2000, there were an estimated 4.1 million ELL students in U.S. schools (Macías, et al., 2000). A disturbingly large percentage of ELL students receive low grades, score below their classmates on standardized reading and mathematics tests, and drop out of school. For example, the U.S. Department of Education's Prospects study reported that third-grade ELL students had a mean percentile score of 24.8 in reading and 35.2 in math on the Comprehensive Tests of Basic Skills (CTBS) test, as compared to a mean percentile score of 56.4 and 56.8, respectively, for all third-graders in public school (Moss & Puma, 1995; August & Hakuta, 1997). Some but not all of this achievement gap can be explained by the fact that a disproportionate number of ELL students tend to be from disadvantaged socioeconomic backgrounds. For example, 77 percent of ELL students are eligible for free or reduced-price lunches, compared with 38 percent overall in the same schools. Internet Resources Printed Resources Teaching Strategies
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