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American vs. Cambodian Education

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meghan lizbinski

on 5 December 2016

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Transcript of American vs. Cambodian Education

United States of America
Subjects Required in American Elementary Schools
Middle School
Language Arts
Speech & Debate
Basic Math
Consumer Math
Alegebra (Honors)
Geometry (Honors)
Life Science
Earth Science
Physical Science
High School
(4 years) including:
-ESL, Literature, Composition, Creative Writing, Grammar, Vocabulary, Debate, Speech, Journalism
Future Advancements
A better education can lead to:

- A higher income in future jobs

- More knowledge about investments and planning

- Helps avoid financial struggles

- Better understanding of health and preventable diseases

- Education helps build character
American vs. Cambodian Education
By: Joseph Latzko
Casey Madden
Jordan Marszalek
Jahquan McIntosh

Language Arts
Physican Education
Music (also instrumental)
Movement or Eurythmy
Handwork or handcrafts

Life Lab or gardening Dramatics
Foregin Language
Special Education Day Class
Resource Program
Adaptive P.E.
Occupational Therapy
Social Studies
Ancient Civilizations
Medieval & Renaissance
U.S. History & Government
Computer Science/Lab
Home Economics
Metal Shop

Business Technology
Instrumental Music
Physical Education
Special Education
Resource Program
Speech Therapy
Occupational Therapy
Fine Arts
-Art, Theatre, Music, Applied Arts
Foreign Langauges
(4 years)
-Examples: Algebra 1,2
Geometry, Trigonometry, Statistics, Calculus

Social Studies
-History, Government, Economics, Civics,
-First Aid & Safety, Nutrition, Personal Health

Physical Education
Life Skills
- Culinary Arts, Child Development,Social Skills, Financial Management, etc.

Special Education
-SAT Prep, AP, Honors
Legal & Facts
Laws require American children to attend school.
American students attend school anywhere from 175-180 days each year, at an average of 6.5 hours for 5 days a week. Study time on average is 17 hours per week.
Literacy Rate = 86% vs. 78%
Over 1.2 million students drop out each year in just America alone vs. 20% (approx. 3 million) of Cambodian children
Education is compulsory in Cambodia, however due to lifestyle many children have home responsibilities.
-Based on a national curriculum with two main parts:
Basic & Upper Secondary
-3 Cycles of 3 Years Each
First Cycle
(grades 1-3) 27-30 lessons a week lasting 40 minutes to the 5 main subjects
Khmer - 13 lessons
Maths- 7 lessons
Science & Social Studies including Arts- 3 lessons
Physical & Health Education- 2 lessons
Local life skills program- 2-5 lessons
Second Cycle
Grades 4-6 with same number of lessons but is slightly different
Khmer- 10 lessons for grade 4, 8 lessons for grades 5-6

Maths- 6 lessons

Science- 3 lessons grade 4 , 4 for grades 5-6

Social Studies including arts- 4 for grade 4, 5 for grade 5-6

Physical & Health Education- 2 lessons

Local life skills- 2-5 lessons
Third Cycle
Grades 7-9 consisting of 32-35 lessons, 7 major subjects


Social Studies & Science- 6 lessons

Foreign Language- 4 lessons

Physical & Health Education & Sports- lessons

Local life skills- 2-5 lessons
Phase One (grade 10) is identical to third cycle of primary
Phase Two- (grades 11-12), two major components:

(4 major subjects)
(3 major subjects)
Khmer- 6 lessons

Math- 4 lessons

Foreign Language-4

Physical Education- 2 lessons

Science-Physics, Chemistry, Earth & Environmental

Social Studies- Civics, History, Geography, Economics

EVEP- Technology,
Business, Arts

The Khmer Rouge
The Khmer Rouge abolished education, religion, class, etc.
Pol Pot was leading this group
Over 2.5 million people were killed
Occurred from 1975-1979
Anyone who was educated was killed
People were forced to do hard labor, resulting in disease and death for many.
What is the Khmer Rouge?
Genocide of Cambodia that affected the country's development and education system
Today's Education System in Cambodia
Some students have to drop out because they can't afford school and need to help support their families
Morning classes are free; students need to pay for afternoon classes
When they don't attend afternoon classes, they fall behind
Events that Changed
American Education
In 1964 Civil Right Act passed.
In 1965 the Elementary and Secondary Education Act was enacted (ESEA). This is the beginning of head start, free lunches, and special education for students
in 1971 Serrano v. Priest. Californian Supreme court declared that property tax based school funding was unconstitutional. Financing came from the state
In 1972 Title 9 was added to the ESEA. This forbid the discrimination of women
In 1975 the Education for all Handicapped Children Act was enacted. This says that all handicapped children have a right to a fair and appropriate education system.
In 2002 No Child Left Behind Law was put into place. This required certain minimal standards to be set within the American Education System
Sadly, in Cambodia there are not as many accesses to education as there are in America.
In Cambodia, there are approximately 5,000 primary schools.
In America, there were 98,817 public schools in 2010.
Students in American Schools have access to many things that Cambodian students do not.
Students who attend school in America have almost unlimited access to computers.
Access to education in Cambodia vs America
Students in America also have an almost unlimited access to books through bookstore and libraries unlike students in Cambodia
There are 120,000 libraries in America.
Not much is known about libraries in Cambodia
But, International Organizations like UN, UNDP, UNESCO, and UNICEF have set up their own independent libraries in Cambodia
They have created 70 libraries in Cambodia.
This limited access to Education in Cambodia can lead to many misfortunes.
Works Cited

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