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What is Child Abuse?

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on 22 December 2014

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Transcript of What is Child Abuse?

What is Child Abuse and How Can We Help?
Types of abuse:
1. Physical abuse- non accidental physical injury that is inflicted by a person responsible for the child.

2. Neglect- the failure of a parent, guardian, or other caregiver to provide for a child's basic needs.

3. Sexual abuse- includes inappropriate sexual activities by a parent or a caregiver.

5. Emotional abuse- a pattern of behavior that impairs a child's emotional development or sense of self-worth.

6. Substance abuse- exposing children to illegal substances, selling, distributing.
Signs of abuse:
1. Unexplained injuries

2. Changes in behavior

3. Returning to earlier behaviors such as bed-wetting or thumb-sucking

4. Fear of going home

5. Changes in eating

6. Changes in sleeping

7. Changes in school performance and attendance

8. Lack of personal care or hygiene

9. Risk-taking behaviors

10. Inappropriate sexual behaviors

" A recent study shows that violence against children in Bosnia and Herzegovina (BiH) is high, especially family-based violence. ..The
Balkan Study on Child Abuse and Neglect
found that 72.48 percent of children in Bosnia Herzegovina encountered psychological violence, 67.65 percent physical violence and 48.04 percent suffer from neglect."

The United States has one of the worst records among industrialized nations – losing on average between four and seven children every day to child abuse...
According to a report published by Human Rights Watch
homeless children in Uganda are suffering abuse by the public, police and other homeless people.
We want media to look like this:
What is Child Abuse?
Child abuse is the physical, sexual or emotional maltreatment or neglect of a child or children.

The state of child abuse media representation
People often want to help, but media makes people feel hopeless.
One campaign sends secret messages using
"Lenticular Printing"
to children who may be victims of child abuse.
Reasons for child abuse:
-Parent or caregiver factors

-Family factors

-Child factors

-Environmental factors

Children's Rights
“Humanity has to do its best for the child.” ~
Declaration of Geneva

Some of the rights listed in the Convention on the Rights of the Child (CRC)...

- Every child has the right to life

- Every child should have direct contact with both parents

- Every child has the right to make their views known

Every child needs to be protected against all forms of discrimination or punishment

Children's Rights are also listed in the following conventions. The rights of women and children are often considered together.
- International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights, Articles 10, 11, 12, and 13

- Universal Declaration of Human Rights, Articles 25 and 26

- International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights, Articles 6, 10, 23, and 24

- Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination Against Women, Articles 2, 5, 10, and 12

-Convention against Discrimination in Education, Articles 3, 4, and 5

-ILO Minimum Age Convention (No. 38), Articles 1, 2, and 3
Recent Reports and Statistics...
Media should
people to make a difference...
According to the
World Health Organization
, "...child maltreatment is a leading cause of health inequality, with
the socioeconomically disadvantaged more at risk
. It worsens inequity and perpetuates social injustice because of its
far-reaching health and


In other words,
children who have been abused will grown in to adults with emotional challenges.
The ads, provide a hotline and instructions.
Campaigns against child abuse rely on dramatic imagery and slogans, often without providing practical advice about how to help.
This ad Gives Silent Advice to the Child
Our Research Question:
How does media portray child abuse? Is the way media represents child abuse effective?
Our hypothesis:
We believe that media spends not enough time covering child abuse and when they do, it is represented in a way that gives a hopeless feeling to the audience; making them not want to help.
Full transcript