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Transcript of Mount Vesuvius
(Composite volcano) MOUNT VESUVIUS Mount Vesuvius is located about 9 km away from the town Naples. MOUNT VESUVIUS - The Avellino eruption
continue. The eruption destroyed several Bronze Age settlements. The remarkably well-preserved remains of one were discovered in May 2001 at Croce del Papa near Nola by Italian archaeologists Eruption of Vesuvius in 79 AD At about 1:00pm on
August 24, A.D. 79 when Vesuvius
exploded like a nuclear bomb. Measurements and monitoring Height: 1,281 m / 4,203 ft MOUNT VESUVIUS It is the only volcano in Europe that has erupted the last hundred years. The first known eruption was around 1800 BC and it was called the Avellino eruption. It has two types
of eruptions. The eruption that has slow flowing lava (like shield volcanoes) And then there is the explosion eruption which blow out enormous rocks and lava out in to the air. Sometimes they can be seen together both of these eruptions in Stratvolcanoes. But it has never happened with Vesuvius. Mastrolorenza and Peir Paolo Petrone, anthropologists at the university of Naples, measured by the ash depth of different places and by studying footprints of victims that were fleeing the eruption. The Avellino eruption was a Plinian-type and is estimated to have had a VEI of 6. History of Vesuvius Vesuvius was formed as a result of the collision of two tectonic plates, the African and the Eurasian. In 1995 were found bones from the blast in 1780 BC Vesuvius has felsic type of magma. Although the area has been subject to volcanic activity for at least 400,000 years, the oldest eruption material that was found was from the Codola plinian eruption 25,000 years ago. These re actual victims from the blast The blast lasted or at least 11 hours
and did 100,000 times more damage
and released more energy than the
bomb that was dropped
on Hiroshima. There was no lava, the blast was
to violent and powerful for that The warning signs before
the eruption were 15 earthquakes
and wells going dry few weeks before The biggest eruptions of Mount Vesuvius were the Avellino eruption around 1780 BC and eruption in 79 AD which destroyed the towns of Pompeii and Herculaneum. Historians have learned about the eruption from the eyewitness, Pliny the Younger, a Roman administrator and poet. Depth: 750 ft/ 228,60 m Diameter of the crater: 2100 ft/ 640,08 m References http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Avellino_eruption
http://bookponderings.blogspot.com/2011/06/ponderin-past-inpompeii.html Measurements Monitoring There are several dozen sensors record seismic activity, the temperature of the gas emitted by the volcano and topographical changes. They transmit signals round the clock to the Vesuvius observatory in Naples some nine kilometres west of the volcano. http://phys.org/news159599107.html http://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/627039/Vesuvius http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Eruption_of_Mount_Vesuvius_in_AD_79 http://wiki.answers.com/Q/What_type_of_magma_does_Mount_Vesuvius_have Mount Vevuvius. - The Eruption in 1944. The last major eruption was in March 1944. It destroyed the villages of San Sebastiano al Vesuvio, Massa di Somma, Ottaviano, and part of San Giorgio a Cremano. From March 18 to 23, 1944, lava flows appeared within the rim. There were outflows. Small explosions then occurred until the major explosion took place on March 18, 1944.