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Transcript of Africa
14 Existing Medical Papyri
Religion & Spirituality
Buckley, Anthony D.
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Castillo, Daniel del. "Just What the Shaman Ordered." The Chronicle of Higher Education 49.13 (2002). General Reference Center GOLD. Web. 20 Jan. 2014.
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Ancient Egyptian Medicine
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The Mechanics of Ancient Egyptian Magical Practice
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Suso, Bamba, and Banna Kanute.
. London: Penguin, 1999.
Enemas and Intestinal Irrigation
Eye of Horus - Health & Protection
Records & References
Spells & Curses
Sundiata the Lion King
Arabic Medicine & Science
(Islam in Africa)
Resurgence of traditional
medical treatments - psychological benefits & materia medica
(Similar concepts to Ancient Mali)
Holistic, no separation of supernatural & physical
Herbs & Plants
Ecological diversity, etc.
Ashanti & Yoruba
Diseases - ex: Malaria
"Germs" & "Worms" ->
Sonponno-The God of Smallpox
Civilization vs. Forest
Medicine Man & Pupils
NOT a shaman - seperate role
KUSH, NUBIA, & AXUM
YORUBA: NUMBER SYSTEM, UNITS OF 20.
Large, dirty city
Rwanda, Tanzania, Uganda, Burundi
Near the great lakes - rich soil*
Metallurgy & Ironmaking, tools
What we know: Archeology
Inner vs. Outer Walls
South Sotho, Zulu, Xhosa
Decline: Famine & Water Shortages
Witches & Witchcraft
Animals & their organs
Zulu Sangoma & Healing Ceremony
Integration of Traditional & Western Medicine & Thought
More definite Good vs. Evil
village healers vs. witch doctors
direct lines to ancestors & gods who teach them which herbs & medicines to use
Problems we encounter
Women and medicine, early gynecology
Southern African history - mainly ruins
Respect for traditional herbal treatments
Rhetorics of African medicines & treatments
-> Automatic bias
Circumcision - male and female
kaolin (diarrhea cure)
powerful bacteriocidal activity
against gram-positive bacteria
inducing partial collapse
of the lung to treat pleurisy
--> inflammation of the lining around
antiseptic surgery & anesthesia
Nubian beer was also medicine, containing tetracycline, used to treat ailments such as urinary tract infections.
Catholicism, so Western medicine? (not really)
Surgical removal of bullet wounds anesthesia and antiseptics
significance of psychological health in treatment of disease
Safer area, fewer diseases than in tropics or deserts
Can the curse be lifted?
Only recent recognition of traditional African materia medica
a dressing for wounds,
None of the bones found show any sign of infection, and 90% show traces of tetracycline
Anatomy: ex. Hausa test for impotence