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Relief features of India
Transcript of Relief features of India
The Indo-Gangetic plains, also known as the Great Plains are large alluvial plains dominated by three main rivers, the Indus, Ganges, and Brahmaputra.
They run parallel to the Himalayas, from Jammu and Kashmir in the west to Assam in the east, and drain most of northern and eastern India.
The plains encompass an area of 700,000 square km
The great plains are sometimes classified into four divisions:
The Thar Desert is the world's seventh largest desert
It forms a significant portion of western India and covers an area of about 200,000 km2 to about 238,700 square km
The desert continues into Pakistan as the Cholistan Desert.
Most of the Thar Desert is situated in Rajasthan, covering 61% of its geographic area.
Annual temperatures can range from 0°C in the winter to over 50°C during the summer.
The soils of the arid region are generally sandy to sandy-loam in texture. The Lakshadweep and the Andaman and Nicobar Islands are India's two major island formations and are classified as union territories.
The Lakshadweep Islands lie 200 to 300 km off the coast of Kerala in the Arabian Sea with an area of 32 km2
The Andaman and Nicobar Islands are located between 6° and 14° north latitude and 92° and 94° east longitude.[
Other significant islands in India include
1.Daman & Diu
2. Majuli INDO GANGETIC PLANE DESERT ISLANDS NORTHERN PLAINS The second great structural component of India, the Indo-Gangetic Plain (also called the North Indian Plain), lies between the Himalayas and the Deccan. The plain occupies the Himalayan foredeep, formerly a seabed but now filled with river-borne alluvium to depths of up to 6,000 feet (1,800 metres). The plain stretches from the Pakistani provinces of Sind and Punjab in the west, where it is watered by the Indus River and its tributaries, eastward to the Brahmaputra River valley in Assam state.
The remainder of India is designated, not altogether accurately, as either the Deccan plateau or peninsular India. It is actually a topographically variegated region that extends well beyond the peninsula—that portion of the country lying between the Arabian Sea and the Bay of Bengal—and includes a substantial area to the north of the Vindhya Range, which has popularly been regarded as the divide between Hindustan (northern India) and the Deccan (from Sanskrit dakshina, “south”). DECCAN PLATEAU HIMALAYAS The Himalayas, geologically young and structurally fold mountains stretch over the northern borders of India. These mountain ranges run in a west-east direction. From the Indus
to the Brahmaputra.The Himalayas represent the loftiest and one of the most form an arc, which covers a distance of about in Kashmir to 150 km in Arunachal Pradesh. The altitudinal variations are the greater in the eastern half than those in the western half. Mount Everest Physical Map Of India The Indian Desert Active Volcano The Physical Divisions Of India The Himalayas A Beautiful scenario of sunset in
The Himalayas A Frozen Gorge PICTURES THANK YOU Questions Q.1 How much area does the Indian desert cover ? Ans. From 200,000 sq.km and 238,700 sq.km I.Q Based and Critical thinking Q.2 Why do majority of India's population lives in the PLATEAU REGION rather than in the MOUNTAINOUS REGION ? Q.3 How were the Himalayas formed ? Q.4 What is the other name of the Himalayas ?