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Nationalism, Domestic Politics and Asian Values

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Nezia Oomen

on 24 September 2013

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Transcript of Nationalism, Domestic Politics and Asian Values

East-Asia: Nationalism, Domestic Politics and Asian Values
Asia, development and democracy
Asian values and human rights
Nationalism
but generalization possible

historical association with political rule characterized by authoritarianism and political repression, the protection of sovereignity and the abuse of human rights

Change inevitable?!
Political elite resistent?
Democratic progress?
No single 'East Asian model'
provides 'cultural sense of sovereignty'
prospect of more effective governance and control within
politically demarcated boundaries
BUT
globablization undermines this.
Growing tension between national identities that were established in nation-building period and transnational identities
Individual identities are becoming more contingent, reflexive and detached from national boundaries
"Asian way" versus the "Western way"
COMPETING NATIONALISM THESIS
secular nationalism
ethnic nationalism
theocratic nationalism
3 basic nationalism paradigms
=> choosing one determines the parameters of a country
core political community
And frames the state
basis for state legitimacy and political discourse

only systems that are economically and politically liberal are capable of answering the needs of contemporary citizens
Fukuyama
Domestic politics

not the same improvements in living standards and technological developments
not the same impetus for political emancipation and democratization
development of capitalism not the same impact in Asia as in the West
Economic development does not necessarily lead democratization and vice versa. (No link)
e.g. Middle classes in East Asia prepared to trade off political rights for more economical development and security
The development of more progressive, economically dynamic class structures is a prerequisite for move towards more democratic political parties
Conclusion + Debate
The road to democracy is a though one in the East-Asian region. Its unlikely that every East Asian nation-state will achieve a democratic political system as we know it in 'the West'
privileging the community over the individual, respect for authority and filial duty VS individualism and materialism.
Asian societies have their own way, Western ideas are invalid and illegitimate within Asian societies. Legitimize repressive policies and actions that can be passed off under the guise of Asian values
=> used as a defence against implementing universal human rights
Full transcript