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on 3 November 2013

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Transcript of Voices

Anthony Browne
Theme- Sexuality and Stereotypes
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• List the name of the document and author of the work you have analysed.
• Develop a clear line of argument. Ensure this includes a summary of the author’s main points and ideas and your own opinion on the author’s thesis or main point.
• Provide a description of the dominant discourse (theme) , why it's important to understanding or analyse in the literature.

Body Paragraphs:
• Note arguments from your introduction in respective order.
• Include a brief overview of the book.
• Highlight evidence of the author communicating the dominant and alternate discourse to the readers. Provide specific examples of where the theme appears in the literature.
• Ensure that your paragraphs either appraise whether this book is a good read or not so good.
• Include in your opinion your evaluation on whether the author used language and images to create an engaging and significant text.

• Write a conclusion that restates your opinion of the book. Include the significance of the book and the importance of readers understanding the themes and key messages in the text.
• Ensure you restate your final evaluation of how the author used language (and images) to create and engaging and significant narrative.

Main Theme - Key Message
Throughout Anthony Browne's Illustrated picture book a number of discourse have been created for readers to explore. The Dominant discourse and the overarching idea of Brownes serious message in the story is equality. Anthony Browne offers his readers a personal message on the right to equality. The message supports equal treatment of all human beings to be equal in dignity, To treat people with respect and consideration and to participate on an equal basis with others in any area of life.

Browne in 'Voices IN THE PARK', has re-created the metaphorical phrase 'Don't Judge a book by it's cover'. Readers will often find the characters prejudging the characters judging the worth or value of something, by it's outward appearance alone.

'Voices IN THE PARK' Examples :
- Then I saw him talking to a very Rough-looking child.
- You get some frightful types in the park these days!
- Immediately some scruffy mongrel started bothering her. I shooed it off but the horrible thing chased her all over the park.
- Mummy caught us talking together and I had to go home.
- The owner was really angry, the silly twit.
- I got talking to this boy. I thought he was a bit of a wimp at first.

‘Voices in the park’ by Anthony Browne, is a very well written picture book that can be used for both children and young adults. The genre of the book is subsequently well defined with a vivid, realistic setting, believable characters and authentic problems that can be understood and interpreted by many age groups. The storyline of Browne’s picture book is suited to the genre contemporary realistic fiction, a plausible story with realistic occurrences that could happen in today’s world. The characters in this story also qualify this text to the genre as the author cleverly uses gorillas to drive humans to accept rather than refuse to relate to the characters. Anthony Browne’s written and illustrated masterpiece explores four separate narrative voices based around a visit to the park. Browne, in this picture book portrays the main theme and dominant discourse of equality, prompting to persuade readers that every individual or groups are required to be treated fairly and no less favorably under any circumstance including race, gender and age. The dominant discourse is reinforced with multiple alternate discourse including, sexuality, prejudice, individuality, emotions and attitude. The dominant and alternate discourses in this book assist the students in learning and highlighting the language features in the picture book. Anthony Browne through his exemplary written text and illustrations in his picture book provides a clear message for student’s to capture.

In the text four people go off for a visit to the park, and through each person readers are exposed to four different stories about their journey. Together the stories provide readers with such depth and attention to detail through the illustrations and text, that readers are forced to connect with the key discourses set out by the author. The characters in the story include a Wealthy Mother and her glum son ‘Charles’, the sad unemployed father, the young girl’ Smudge’ and the two dogs Victoria and Albert. In the picture book Browne uses these characters to show emotion and portray a key message of equality. The story line adapts the use of alternate themes, which together inspire the readers to express everything as being equal, especially in status. Examples of the author creating this tension to portray his message is in the beginning of the story where Charles’s stylishly dressed mother lets Victoria the pedigree Labrador off the leash then heckles at another character Smudges dog, Albert. The language used by the mother is “some scruffy mongrel”, similarly the son Charles also later in the book describes Smudge as a “very rough-looking child.” These examples alone not only connect the audiences thoughts towards the dominant discourse of social equality however also interweave alternate discourses for reader to consider, in particular, discrimination, emotions and prejudice.

The issues explored in ‘Voices In The Park’ are well formed by the author, as some are simple and relative to students such as bullying and others explore what can be seen as adult issues for example, unemployment. The key message and dominant discourse equality is portrayed by the author to the audience using a number of figurative language techniques to engage the readers. ‘Themes in the book are reinforced with the use of language features that create vivid images. Browne portrays the discourse best through his characters the Wealthy Mother and her rich son Charles. When her son disappears, the author has her looking suspiciously at the unemployed father, and cleverly uses adverbials to describe the participants and further enhance the effect of the sentence “You get some frightful types in the park these days.” All sentences expressing ideas with the use participants and the different types of processes and circumstances.

The author in the book applies nominal group structure with the use of determiners, describing adjectives and classifiers such as, …. to help build descriptions of the text. Throughout the book the author also exposes the readers to dialogue including quoting speech “Sit I said to Charles”, Quoting thought “She was brilliant on the slide” and reporting thought “Maybe Smudge will be there next time?” The use of the different speech in the text brings the readers into the interior worlds of the characters and engages the readers in the action of the story. A major language feature Anthony Browne employs throughout ‘ voices in the park is the use of symbolism, using an objects to represent an abstract idea. Anthony Browne suggests mood and emotions to readers with the use of symbolism in the picture book. The use of symbolism often furthers the impact of the dominant and alternate discourses in the text. The wealthy mothers hat is often found shaped as light poles and shadows over her child. This example exhibits how the real "voices, are not found in the text, but in Browne's vibrant and realistic paintings, trees are oddly shaped, footsteps turn to flower petals, Santa Claus begs for change, and people happen to be primates are all examples of symbolism making deeper meaning.

Anthony Browne’s book is guaranteed to surprise readers with new content as it is impossible to take it all in after only reading once. Anthony Browne’s illustrated picture book will have all readers smiling at the creative and innovative hidden messages and the excellent ways Browne portrays them. ‘Voices In the Park’ is a well-written book that comprises of many lessons to learn and issues that are opened to be discussed with almost anyone and one that everyone will enjoy.

Interpretive Review
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