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history project

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julia henderson

on 19 March 2013

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Transcript of history project

fun facts Marco polo Alfred the great egbert bio sketches fast facts peter the hermit Joan of arc *very few people knew how to read
*the battle of the Hastings did not actually take place in Hastings
*the earliest version of the London bridge was destroyed in 1014 when the Saxons showed up and pulled it down
*England use to be the home of brown bears, but they got extinct by 11Th century
*during medieval times gargoyles weren't on buildings to get rid of evil spirits but they were drain pipes fast facts
September 15 1254- January 9 1324
Marco, his father and uncle went on a epic journey going through Asia.marco returned 24 years later to learn that Venice was at war with Genoa. where he was imprisoned. he was released in 1299 and became a wealthy merchant with three kids and a wife why Marco polo is famous
macros journey through Asia had inspired people like Christopher colmbus.he also had an influence on european cartography. when he was traveling through Asia he wrote down stuff in the milione, which taught many europeans about central Asia and china fast facts born in 849 and died in 899
successfully defended his kingdom against viking attacks.
Alfred was a learned and merciful man, who encouraged education. he also improved his kingdoms legal system and military structure why Alfred the great is famous he is regarded as a saint by some Catholic's. fast facts was born in 771 and died in 839
egbert was king of wessex from 802-839
in 815 egbert ravaged the whole of territories of the remaining british kingdom why egbert of Wessex is famous egbert helped make Wessex a powerful kingdom that England was eventually unified around it. egbert is also known as ''the first king of all England" and "the first king of all the English". Robert the Bruce fast facts why peter the hermit is famous fast facts why Joan of arc is famous why Robert Bruce is famous 10 points 476 ad most people believe that the middle ages started in 476 714 islamic forces controlled much of the peninsula, a region called alandalus Gregory the great became pope 590 774 Charlemagne embarked upon a program of systematic expansion that would unify a large portion of Europe 955 battle of lech begun. the battle of lech is often seen as a defining event for holding off the incursions of the hungarians into western Europe 1066 the battle of Hastings begun. the battle had established the superiority of combined arms attack over an army predominately composed of infantry 1086 the battle of sagrajas begun. the battle was between the Almoravid army and a christian army black plague the black plague was one of the most devastating pandemics in human history. it peeked in Europe between 1348 to 1350. it had killed 75 million to 200 million people. the plague reduced the worlds population from an estimated 450 million to 350 million and 375 million people in the 14Th century. the black plague has been thought to have been started in china or central Asia. it had then traveled along the silk road and reached Crimea by 1346. from there it was thought that it was probably carried by oriental rat flies living on black rats. black rats are regular passengers on merchant ships. the aftermath of the black plague is that it created religious, social and economic upheavals. these upheavals profounded effects on the course of european history. it had taken 150 years to restore Europe's population. influence of muslim culture islamic culture contributed to medieval Europe in many ways. art, architecture, medicine, agriculture, music, language, and technology were all ares that got influenced islamic culture The crusaders had provided the first opportunity for the spread of islamic culture and civilization in Europe. during the 11Th and 12Th centuries, many christian scholars traveled to muslim lands to learn different sciences .The centuries of muslim reign was considered to be as the most brilliant time periods of medieval Europe. Islamic decorative arts were very highly valued imports to medieval Europe. Since the decorations were only mostly ornamental or were small hunting scenes so they did not offend christians. A large number of musical instruments in the medieval ages were influenced by arabic instruments entertainment and leisure activities of the medieval ages There were many different types of entertainment in the medieval ages. Some were feasts, jousts, mystery plays, games and sports, hawking, fairs and many more. The people who provided the entertainment during the middle ages were called entertainers. Some of the entertainers were jesters (a fool or buffoon), mummers (masked or costumed merrymakers)minstrels and troubadours, acrobats, jugglers, and conjurers Games were played by the upper class and lower classes.Also played by adults and children.entertanment for the rich people centered around the spectacles of jousting and feasts or banquets. Born in 1274 and died in 1329
He became king of Scots in 1306
In 1295 he married his first wife he was one of scotlands greatest leaders. he is mostly known for his victory over the English in the battle of bannockburn in 1314 Born in 1412 and died in 1431
Joan had started to see visions at age 12
in 1420 joan was captured and put on trial Joan of arc is famous because she claimed she was sent by god and backed that up with military victories birth unknown died in 1115
many people believe that he was the true writer and originate of the first crusade He preached during the first crusade to France and Germany 1215 king john was forced to sign the magna carta. the magna carta was a document that greatly reduced king johns power as king Mohammed fast facts Born in 570 and died in 632
He was an orphan as kid
He married his first wife when he was 25
He started getting revelations at age 40 why Mohammed is famous He is the last and final messenger of Allah. he was sent to guide all of humanity Charlemagne fast facts why Charlemagne is famous Born in 570 and died in 632.
He was elected king in 771 (of the franks).
In 782 he executed 4,500 Saxons.
He congured Barcelona in 801. Hes been considered by many people an ideal ruler. Also he is a model for other rulers for his military victories Tamerlane Saladin 1086 The dooms day book was completed. The doomsday book was a great survey of much of England and Wales 1259 Peace of Paris. St. Louis obtains English renunciation of claims to Angevin lands of France 1315 the great famine begun.
the great famine was a period of time that had extreme levels of crime, disease, mass death and even cannibalism Fast facts Born in 1336 and died in 1405
When he was 8/9 years old he, his mother and brothers were taken prisoner by a mongol army. In 1360 timur gained the role as military leader what he was famous for his unique military strategy's. after he died he soon became famous for his victory over Ottoman sultan bayezia fast facts what he was famous for born in 1137-1138 and died in 1233
in 1169 he was appointed both commander of Syrian troops his successful capture of the holy land (Jerusalem) Waffres

PERIOD: England, 15th century | SOURCE: Harleian MS. 279 | CLASS: Authentic

DESCRIPTION: Thin waffles made with cheese



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ORIGINAL RECEIPT:

.xxiiij. Waffres. Take þe Wombe of A luce, & seþe here wyl, & do it on a morter, & tender cheese þer-to, grynde hem y-fere; þan take flowre an whyte of Eyroun & bete to-gedere, þen take Sugre an pouder of Gyngere, & do al to-gerderys, & loke þat þin Eyroun ben hote, & ley þer-on of þin paste, & þan make þin waffrys, & serue yn.

- Austin, Thomas. Two Fifteenth-Century Cookery-Books. Harleian MS. 279 & Harl. MS. 4016, with extracts from Ashmole MS. 1429, Laud MS. 553, & Douce MS 55. London: for The Early English Text Society by N. Trübner & Co., 1888.



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GODE COOKERY TRANSLATION:

Wafers. Take the womb of a pike, & boil it well, & mash it in a mortar, & add tender cheese, grind them well; then take flour and egg whites & beat together, then take sugar and ginger, & mix all together, & see that the egg is hot, & make a batter, & make the wafers, and serve.



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MODERN RECIPE:

1 dozen eggs, beaten
3 cups flour
1/3 cup sugar
1 tbs. ginger
1 1/2 cup grated Cheddar cheese
1/2 tsp. salt
Beat together all ingredients to make a thick batter. Make the wafers by using a modern waffle iron and prepare according to the directions for your machine. Be careful - the cheese will melt while baking, so keep an eye on things and oil or spray & clean your iron as necessary. The finished wafers should be light brown. Serve hot or cold, with honey as a garnish.
Waffres, or wafers, were enormously popular in the Middle Ages, and were very similar to our modern waffle. In cities & towns, wafer sellers (called wafereres) would stand on street corners, making wafers for customers passing by using an iron form resembling our old-fashioned waffle iron. The original recipe has as one of its main ingredients the womb of a pike, and it is thereby assumed that this wafer was originally intended to be eaten on a fish-day or during Lent. Caviar may make an interesting substitute, but this is essentially an unnecessary ingredient and has been left out of the modern version. And because this was a fish-day item, the egg yolks were left out of the period receipt; I've included them in the modern version. 1202 The forth crusade begun. Effects of the crusades Influenced the wealth and power of the Catholic church Social development Asian influence, the crusaders did increase Europe's knowledge of the asian world The incentive given to geographical discovery led travelers to explore the most remote areas of Asia. dance of the middle ages The most documented form of dance was the carol. There is no surviving music for the carol. It consisted of a group of people holding hands usually in a circle, with the dancers singing in leader style. 1270 the eighth crusade begun 1347 the black plague had begun 1350 the italian renaissance begun 1400 500 Middle ages project By Julia Henderson
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