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Chapter 6 Section 3 India's First Empires

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Patrick Rohde

on 21 April 2010

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Transcript of Chapter 6 Section 3 India's First Empires

India's First Empires The Mauryan Dynasty India's first empire was founded by Chandragupta Maurya in 321 B.C. Chandragupta was an Indian prince who
conquered a large area in the Ganges
River valley soon after Alexander
invaded western India. To run his empire Chandragupta set
up a centralized government. In a centralized government, rulers
run everything from a capital city.
Chandragupta made his capital
Pataliputra. Chandragupta had a strong army,
a good spy system to make sure no one was planning to rebel, and a postal system to keep up with communications. Emperor Asoka's Reign Chandragupta founded the Mauryan dynasty,
but many historians think that the empire's
greatest king was Asoka. He ruled from
273 B.C. to 232 B.C. Asoka was an unusual ruler. He
was a strong military leader, but
he came to hate bloodshed. Asoka was history's first great Buddhist
king. He built hospitals for people and
for animals. He built new roads so it was
easier to trade, get to shelters, and rest
under shade trees for travelers. Asoka also had laborers build thousands
of stupas. Stupas are Buddhist shrines
that have the shape of a dome or mound. Although he was a Buddhist, Asoka allowed
his Hindu subjects to practice their religion.
Under Asoka, India became the center of a
huge trade network that stretched all the way
to the Mediterranean Sea. The Gupta Empire After the fall of the Mauryan Empire, India
had no strong ruler for 500 years. It was not
until 320 A.D. the next ruler came along who
was a prince and once again his name was
Chandragupta. This Chandragupta chose to rule from the
old capital of the Mauryan Empire,
Pataliputra. When Chandragupta II died his son Samudragupta
took over the throne and expanded the Gupta
empire in northern India. Gupta rulers had one advantage over earlier
Mauryan kings and that was that the empire
was smaller which made it easier to manage. The Gupta Empire became wealthy from trade. Salt,
cloth, and iron were common goods traded in India.
The gupta rulers controlled much of the trade and
became very wealthy. They owned silver and gold mines. Unlike the people under Asoka in the Mauryan Empire
the Guptas were Hindus and gave money to support
Hindu scholars and Hindu shrines.
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