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What is a hurricane?
Transcript of What is a hurricane?
Tracking a Hurricane
How to be Prepared
During the Storm
By Tracy Dam
Due: November 20th, 2014
What is a Hurricane?
A hurricane is a large storm which consists of air and water. It can stretch over 600 miles, while the actual storm is spiraling at 75 to 200mph. The hurricane moves over land and ocean 10 to 20 miles every hour, the storm will usually last about a week before disappearing. It will only be able to form when the temperature in the ocean water is 80°F (26°C). The winds have to be blowing the same speed and same direction to cause the air to flow upward and create a hurricane.
FUN FACT: The hurricanes that hit the United States, usually form in the Atlantic Ocean.
Tracking the Storm
When scientists are tracking hurricanes, they use a number of sources:
R.S.M.C- Regional Specialized Meteorological Centers. Use charts and diagrams predicting patterns in hurricanes.
Hurricane Hunters- An elite force of jets that fly into the storm to collect data for future references.
Barometer- A device that measures air pressure in the atmosphere.
FUN FACT- Almost every country in the world has a R.S.M.C
Reducing the Damages
If you do know that a hurricane will occurs somewhere near you, be prepared. Use plywood to bar the doors. A hurricane's winds are very strong and can rip off the roof of some houses. Plywood is very sturdy and isn't too expensive. The next thing you should you should get, are heavy bags/sandbags. Place them around your house as a barrier for the flooding. It's a small act, but the sand will absorb most of the water. Garage braces are to be placed on the opening garage door. This provides good support and the best thing of all? Really cheap! These are some really inexpensive ways to reduce the affects of a hurricane.
FUN FACT: Most homes now have garage braces already installed. Before, you had to purchase them yourself.
You need to prepared at all times, no matter how nice the day is, a disaster can hit out of the blue. Assemble a Basic Disaster Kit: One gallon of water, bountiful food, flashlights, first-aid kit, dust mask, moist towels, and battery-powered radio. To be safe, provide a family disaster plan around the house. Make sure to include, safe rooms such as closets or storage rooms. If you have a child that goes to school, make sure they have an emergency plan for disasters, food and a safe shelter. NEVER LEAVE PETS BEHIND! Some people think they can survive the storm on their own. If you have big animals, have a safe house already planned. Bring newspapers for sanitary purposes, food and medicine for yourself and your pet.
FUN FACT: Some people believe animals can detect incoming storms.
During the Storm
During the storm, there are a lot of key things you must do, and not do:
check for weakened tree limbs, roads, and bridges
turn off major appliances if you lose power
shut down electricity if flooding
go near windows or glass doors
waste any food
cause a racket
FUN FACT: The eye of the storm is one of the calm parts of the hurricane is often mistaken for the end
Either you have been affected, or some other country has, it's always nice to help out. Start by donating cash to a organization of your choice. Then, if you want to take a big step forward, join an organization. You can also donate goods or medicines. In the picture I am about to show you are the donations for the victims of hurricane Katrina
FUN FACT: In some organizations, people carry the victims across the water.