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Evolution of The Drum Kit

A short history of how the drum kit evolved from one simple drum.
by

Gustav Linton

on 16 September 2013

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Transcript of Evolution of The Drum Kit

The Drum Kit
By: G Production
(Gustav Linton) Introduction: The drum kit is a collection of drums and other percussion instruments put together. It has evolved from one simple drum to multiple complex drums, toms, and cymbals. The modern day drum kit would be classified as membranophones and percussion idiophones. History: The drum has been dated as far back as 6000BCE, but it wasn't until the end of the 19 century the first drum kits was created. Most of the parts from the drum kit come from earlier versions of percussion instruments from different time periods in the past. The common snare drum as seen today in a drum kit was created in 1898, which had a stand that held the snare. Before that you had to hold the snare. The snare comes from the medieval drum called tabor. The bass drum, kick drum, first came at the end of the 19 century. With the first kick drum you had to reset it after each kick, before you could use it again. In 1909 the first spring bass drum pedal was made by William F. Ludwig. Their family soon started a company selling the kick drum and around 1918 they began to sell complete drum kits. This first drum kits had many parts to it such as bells, whistles and other instruments. These parts were soon replaced by the tom-toms by a person named Gene Krupa. There were many tom-toms like the high tom-tom, floor tom-tom and the middle tom-tom. Tom-toms are classified as drums without any snare coils. The hi-hat comes from a cymbal called the clanger. The first modern hi-hat was actually called the low-hat. This is because in the beginning it was performed with a foot pedal with the cymbal close to the ground. In the 1920's the low-hat was raised creating the hi-hat, and it was found out to be easier to use your hands to hit it instead of using a pedal. The last part of the modern drum set is the rest of cymbals. The cymbals come from the Middle East, dating way back. Around 1928 a company called Zildjian began creating the modern day cymbals, called the ride, crash, and splash. The Bass: The bass drum or kick drum as it is called in a drum kit is a membranophone and it works by a beater that is attached to a pedal that hits the drum. The sound is created from the vibrations of the skin. The skin is stretched over a resonator. Different kinds of resonators create different kinds of sounds. Pedal Beater Skin Resonator Snare Drum: The snare drum is another example of a membranophone. The snare drum is made of skin at the top with cords that may be made of metal or plastic. These cords are found on the bottom of the snare. These cords are the ones that cause the snare drums unique sound. When the skin is hit the vibrations from it travel through the resonator and make the cords vibrate which makes a sound. Resonator Skin The cords are found at the bottom of the drum Tom-toms: Tom-toms are membranophones that create their sound by the skins vibrations. In a common drum kit there are usually three different kinds of tom-toms. There is the floor tom mid tom and the high tom. Floor tom Mid tom High tom Hi-hat: The hi-hat is a percussion idiophone and concussion idiophone. It is made out of two cymbals. There is a pedal that can make the two cymbals clash together to make a sound. The pedal can also be used to make the cymbals stay together to make a different sound. The sound is made by the vibrations from the cymbals. Cymbals Pedal Cymbals: Cymbals are percussion idiophones. In most drum sets there are at least two cymbals other than the hi-hat. The two most common cymbals in a drum kit are the ride and crash cymbal. The sound is made by the hitting of a drum stick on the cymbal. The cymbal vibrates and gives off a sound. Ride cymbal Crash cymbal How to play the drums:
For a beginner you should practice one of the simplest patterns there are. It consists of eight 8 notes which will be played on a closed hi-hat. Meaning you press down on the pedal of the hi-hat. You can count these beats by 1 & 2 & 3 & 4 &. To make it a little harder you can hit the snare drum at the same time as you hit the hi-hat on beats 2 and 4. You can make it even harder by hitting the kick drum at the same time as the hi-hat on beats 1 and 3.
For a little more advanced drum player you can use the same pattern for eight 8 notes but when you begin the next eight 8 notes instead of having a closed hi-hat you open it to make a different sound. As soon as you hit the hi-hat for the first beat you need to close the hi-hat for the other ones. How to read notes. A famous player changed the drum kit to what we use today. Gene Krupa an American jazz drummer born on January 15, 1909. He was the man who changed the drum set forever. He introduced the tom-toms to the drum kit. He also changed the tom-toms so you could tune them. Not only did Gene Krupa change the drum kit but he is also considered to be one of the first drum soloist. He showed that drums can also have solos. This inspired many more people to play the drums. The way he played also inspired many people. He was very energetic while playing. One of his famous solos are in the song "Sing, Sing, Sing" What music is written for the drums?
The most significant music for the drum kit would have to be rock. In most rock bands there is always a drum player. The drums is not the main part of rock, that is the guitar. But the drums can be heard throughout the whole song. There is also the backbeat sound from the snare. The drums keeps the beat of the song making it easier for the other instruments to know when to play and what to play. Through rock songs drum solos have also become more common. Rock has also created many of the greatest drummers in the world other than Gene Krupa. Like John Bonham, Keith Moon, Neil Peart, and Dave Grohl. The drum kit is a common way to keep a beat in a song. In many rock songs this is the case. Although drums is not the main part in a song it is always there and occasionally there is a drum solo. The drum kit has evolved a lot. It has taken many different kinds of percussion instruments. It has evolved percussion instruments to make them fit better with each other. In most songs today you can hear a drum beat, that keeps the song together. Many great drummers has helped the drums become more important to a song and its thanks to them we have the drum kit that we have toady. References:

http://penz4.tripod.com/historyofdrums.html

http://www.angelfire.com/ne/dstolp/history.html

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Drum_kit

http://booksgalore.hubpages.com/hub/History-of-the-Modern-Drum-Kit

http://www.gearnuts.com/images/items/1800/VBX925SCRF-xlarge.jpg drum kit

http://www.acquris.se/images/239.jpg drum chair

http://www.songsofthecosmos.com/images/snare_drum.jpg

http://www.wisegeek.com/what-are-snare-drums.htm

http://www.songsofthecosmos.com/images/tom_toms.jpg

http://www.justindrums.com/images/TB/TB-001/TB-001-1.gif

http://cachepe.zzounds.com/media/quality,85/HH905-567adcb3edc20321cf1b4199765bd46f.jpg hi hat

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hi-hat

http://www.drumlessons.com/wp-content/uploads/2010/12/bdl-how-to-play-drums-ex-4.gif

http://www.drummerman.net/biography.html Gene Krupa

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gene_Krupa

http://www.rollingstone.com/music/pictures/rolling-stone-readers-pick-best-drummers-of-all-time-20110208/4-dave-grohl-0781676

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Rock_music

http://www.ajchen.com/wp-content/uploads/2010/06/JohnBonham.jpg
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