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Chapter 10 - Early Settlement

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by

Sheri Reinhardt

on 15 April 2014

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Transcript of Chapter 10 - Early Settlement

Take out your timelines. How did you organize the information to put them in order? What do you think would be the most difficult part of making a new settlement like Father Albert Lacombe did?
St. Albert
Were members of a religious group whose main goal was to
teach people their beliefs
.

Churches sent missionaries to the colonies to live with the
First Nations people
.

They also assisted with
education
and those who were
sick
.
Missionaries
Queen Victoria
was the monarch from England

She ruled the colony of what is now Canada

Because Queen Victoria controlled Canada, many British customs were adopted by those who lived here
Colonies
You will need to be able to explain the following:
How did Francophones establish their roots in Alberta?
How did the Métis and their settlements affect Alberta?
How are agriculture and the formation of settlements connected?
What movement/migration helped populate Alberta?
Chapter Focuses
Colony
- Groups of people who settle in a new area and keep connections with the country they came from.
Oblates
- French Roman Catholic missionaries who wanted to help build Francophone communities.
Epidemic
- An outbreak of disease that spreads to many people.
Lieutenant Governor
- The person who represented the Queen.
Monarch
- King or queen of a country.
Grey Nuns
- A group of nuns who cared for the sick and taught reading, writing, and religion.
Taxes
- Money collected from citizens.
Smallpox
- An epidemic which caused high fever and blisters.
Pemmican
- Food traded by many Métis women which was nutritious and easy to transport.
Resistance
- Ability to fight against disease.
Legislative Assembly
- A council which discussed decisions.

Key Terms:
Chapter 10 - Early Settlement
I wonder if you'll need to know these...?
http://www.englishmonarchs.co.uk/hanover_6.htm
The Oblates and the Grey Nuns are examples of missionary groups. What were they each known for?
How would the river lot system have helped with farming?
Why would the arrival of the railroad affect the amount of settlers that came to the area?
How do you think people knew from Europe, Québec and the USA, to come to Alberta?
The Métis
Were an important part of the development of Alberta.

Men worked as hunters, trappers, voyageurs, and farmers.

Women made pemmican and traded it to the fur trading companies.

Many Métis became farmers as the buffalo died out.


What is pemmican and why was it an ideal food?
Explain whether you think it would be difficult for the Métis to change jobs (go from hunting to farming).
Diseases
Epidemics hit, spreading diseases to numerous people.

Hospitals were badly needed due to how many sick people there were.

Some people had resistance to the disease. The First Nations people did NOT as they had never contacted these diseases before, the Europeans had.

Smallpox, measles, and whooping cough were the main diseases. They could be deadly and they killed many First Nations people.

Whole families and communities were killed due to the diseases.

Reduced the population of the First Nations by about 90%. Think of it this way... if there were a million people, 900 000 would have died.
Explain in your own words how diseases impacted settlements and First Nations?
Warning, the next photo is graphic. Skip ahead two slides if you would not like to view it. It is going to show what smallpox looked like.
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Smallpox
Small Pox
Forming Canada
There were three main reasons why the representatives felt that forming a country would be advantageous for the colonies:
1) They could trade/sell goods easier.
2) Worried the USA would take over them, they could defend themselves.
3) They could afford to build a railroad and move west.

July 1, 1867, the Province of Canada, Nova Scotia, and New Brunswick joined in Confederation.

Women and First Nations people did not have a chance to vote for/against Confederation.
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Territorial_evolution_of_Canada
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/John_A._Macdonald
John A. Macdonald was the first prime minister of Canada. He felt that Canada should be larger; it should stretch from sea to sea. This would be his goal.

What would have been your goal if you were the first prime minister of Canada?
The Move West
They wanted to move west because:
There was excellent farmland
They wanted to populate the large area
They didn't want the USA to take over it

Created the North West Mounted Police because:
They wanted to show that the prairies were controlled by Canada.
Wanted to create law and order.
Wanted to stop the whiskey traders.

Many forts were constructed to house the NWMP
After
The Lieutenant Governor and a Legislative Assembly took charge of the government.

The North-West Territories decided that English would be their language. The French speaking people were unhappy about this.

Eventually they allowed French education.
Full transcript