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European Union

voting rules and political institutions

Agata Furmaniak

on 30 May 2014

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Transcript of European Union


voting rules and political institutions
Our Line up
Political institutions
Role of voting rules
Major problems
Today task
Do the present rules help
European Union in her

Brussels and Luxembourg
Strasbourg and Brussels
Brussels and Luxembourg
The Justus Lipsius
The Council of the European Union
national government ministers
make decisions on proposals for new laws
membership changing according to the policy are under discussion
meetings are chaired by representatives from current presidency of Council
European Parliament
European Commission
bureaucratic - executive arm of the EU
responsible mainly for new laws and policies
shows projects to EP
manages the EU budget
represents the EU in international trade negotiations
headed by a president, nominated by the EC for a five-year renewable term
supported by a
Secretariat General

European Council
EP voting rules:
For the first time the citizens of the EU will be able to indicate a preference for the president of the EC candidate by voting at the parliament elections
Role of voting rules
Major issues
“every citizen of the EU has the right to vote and stand as a candidate in elections to the European Parliament, and Municipal elections in the Member state in which one resides, under the same conditions as nationals of this state"
. (Article 19 TEC)
Lack of popular legitimacy deriving from inefficient voting power

Disillusionment towards EU

The role of voting rules is crucial and hard to implement

"There are always winners and losers"
Baldwin & Widgren
Big issue: finding a viable voting system
Shifting power in Italy, Poland and Germany
Bureaucracy and legislative process
The position of citizens
Further enlargement
Solidarity vs Franco – German dummy
long legislative process
complicated checks and balance system
The position of citizens
problem with elections
subsidiarity rule
Further enlargement
Poland : PM Donald Tusk
Poland: 51 seats
Present President of the European Commission
Jose Manuel Barroso (Portugal)
Poland: Janusz Lewandowski
Italy: Antonio Tajani
The first President of the European Council:
Herman van Rompuy
coordinate EC work and summits
represents Mateusz Szcurek
voting rules and political institutions
Main subject:
How do political institutions work?
What major problems can we observe?
the legislative arm of the EU
sharing powers with the Council of Minister over the discussion and approval of legislative proposals developed by the Commission
approving the EU budget
751 seats
represents national interests
President of the European Parliament
Martin Schulz (Germany)
the meetings of
Economic and Financial Affairs Council
many problems inside
other countries in Europe
Solidarity vs Franco - German dummy
European Union
PM Matteo Renzi
73 seats
Pier Carlo Padoan
Every EU citizen has the right to vote irrespective of their member state of residence
universal suffrage to elect the parliament
legislative function: absolute majority
in case of disagreement: "Conciliation committee" and simple majority
3 restrictions to respect & Poland and Italian system
European Commission:
commissioners are nominated
2 main critiques: democratic lack, political pressure
Council (of ministers)
generally acting by a qualified majority
Nice Treaty: 50%+1; 74%; 62%;
Constitutional Treaty: rejected
Lisbon Treaty: 55%; 65%; blocking proposal
"We are seeing, in fact, a rise of extremism from the extreme right and from the extreme left, a festival of unfounded reproaches against Europe."

Josè Manuel Barroso, 2014
power politics view vs need's view
• K. Archick, “European Union: Questions and Answers”, Congressional Research Service, 2014;
• J. McCormick, “European Union Politics”, Chapters: 10 -13,15,16,18, Palgrave MacMillan, 2011;
• Witold M. Goralsky and Szymon Kardàs “The European Union”, chapters: 2 -4, Wolters Kluwer Polska ,2008;
• Simon Hix (2008) “What’s wrong with the European Union and how to fix It”, book’s slides synthesis;
• H. Kauppi, M. Widgrén (2007), “Voting rules and budget allocation in the enlarged EU”, European Journal of Political Economy, Vol. 23: 693-706;
• H. Kauppi, M. Widgrén (2004)“Council voting in the Constitutional Treaty, devil in the details”, CEPS policy brief No.53, Centre for European Policy studies;
• H. Kauppi, M. Widgrén (2004), “what determines EU decision-making? Needs, power or both, Economic Policy, pages 221-266, Wiley on behalf of the Centre for Economic Policy Research, Center for Economic Studies and the Maison des sciences de l’ homme;
• J.H.H. Weiler, M. Kocjan (2004/2005) “The law of the EU”, teaching material, NYU school of Law;
• Laszlo A. Koczy (2011), “Beyond Lisbon: demographic trends and voting power in the EU council of ministers”, Elsevier journal;
• R. Baldwin, M.Wigrèn (2004) “Winners and losers under various dual-majority voting rules for the EU council of ministers”, CEPS policy brief No. 50, Centre for European policy Studies;

“my goal is to revive the idea of the EU as an instrument of solidarity”
George Soros (2012, Berlin)
Institutions high complexity
Need to change
Both polish and italian standpoints
Major critical issues

To connect the several national interests with solidarity would be a good starting point
Thank you for
your attention
but this is not the end...
Full transcript