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1890's: The Age fo Immigration and Urbanization
Transcript of 1890's: The Age fo Immigration and Urbanization
Region of Birth of Foreign Born Population
Places of Stay in the US
Focusing on the Population Trend in America during the 1890's
Total Population: 62,622,250
There is a reason why the 1890's are called the "The Age of Immigration"
From 1891 to 1900 3,687,564 immigrants arrive in the US from all over the world. Their reasons range from political and religious freedom to escaping persecution or testing if America actually was the "Land of Opportunity".
Latin America: 107,307
Most immigrants settled near the port of entry.
Many settled in large cities.
Only 2% settled in south.
White: 54,983,890 (87.8%)
Black: 7,470,040 (11.9%)
American Indian, Eskimo, and Aleut: 58,806 (0.1%)
Asian and Pacific Islander:109,514 (0.2%)
Population by Region
New England: 5,592,017
Middle Atlantic: 15,454,678
East North Central: 15,985,581
West North Central: 10,347,423
South Atlantic: 10,443,480
East South Central: 7,547,757
West South Central: 6,532,290
They settled near the ports because not everyone had the resources and the money to travel further into the nation. Also, they were eager to achieve what they came here for:
A change from crop failure, rising tax, land shortage and famine.
More than 70% of the immigrants entered through New York and it came to be known as the "Golden Door"!
Many immigrants face became victims of abuse because they were "different". Getting a job became very hard and once employed, they would be exploited. Men were payed less and women even less.
Population by Region
New England: 4,700,749
Middle Atlantic: 12,706,220
East North Central: 13,478,305
West North Central: 8,932,112
South Atlantic: 8,857,922
East South Central: 6,429,154
West South Central: 4,740,983
Throughout the decade the population of the Unites States increased by about 13 million , the West Coast by about 1 million , the Mid-West, the South and the East by about 4 million each.
The population of Washington in 1890 was 5 times that in 1855!
This was how census takers were instructed to count the 7,470,040 American citizens who were once slaves or descended from slaves.
"The word 'black' should be used to describe those persons who have three-fourths or more black blood; 'mulatto,' those persons who have from three-eighths to five-eighths black blood; 'quadroon,' those persons who have one-fourth black blood; and 'octoroon,' those persons who have one-eighth or any trace of black blood" (Measuring America).
For the first time the entry of an ethnic working group was proscribed through The Chinese Exclusion Act that was signed on May 6, 1882 because it seemed to "endanger the good order of certain localities. The act was renewed in 1892 and made permanent in 1992.".
"Historical Census Statistics on the Foreign-born Population of The United States: 1850-1990." Historical Census Statistics on the Foreign-Born Population of The United States: 1850 to 1990. N.p., n.d. Web. 28 Oct. 2013.
Reasons for Immigration." Reasons for Immigration. N.p., n.d. Web. 28 Oct. 2013.
"United States Resident Population by State: 1790 - 1990." United States Resident Population by State: 1790 - 1990. N.p., n.d. Web. 28 Oct. 2013.
"The Black Past: Remembered and Reclaimed | An Online Reference Guide to African American History by Professor Quintard Taylor, University of Washington." The Black Past: Remembered and Reclaimed | An Online Reference Guide to African American History by Professor Quintard Taylor, University of Washington. N.p., n.d. Web. 28 Oct. 2013.
"United States Immigration Before 1965." History.com. A&E Television Networks, n.d. Web. 28 Oct. 2013.