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Child Labor in the Victorian Era

By Eli Fenwick and Dylan Jones

Eli Fenwick

on 31 December 2012

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Transcript of Child Labor in the Victorian Era

By Eli Fenwick and Dylan Jones Child Labor Jobs There was a wide variety of dangerous jobs during the Victorian era.

Some jobs children had were chimney sweeping, factory worker, farmer, Chimney Sweep Home jobs were usually apprenticing, chimney sweeping, domestic servants, and assistants to a family business.
•Chimney sweeping was extremely dangerous and harsh because kids would often fall.
•Also chimney sweeping led to lung disease because the soot in the chimney was bad to breathe in.
•The Act of 1788 tried to protect the chimney sweeps but wasn’t really enforced.
•Industrial work was also a hazard because while the period was hi-tech, it wasn’t high in safety.

(Child Labor during the British Revolution, www.eh.net/encyclopedia/article/tuttle.labor.child.britain) Factory Work •Charles dickens called the factories “dark satanic mills” because of the awful accidents and illegal things that went on in the factories.
•People today still debate on the issue of child labor. Many countries have illegalized child labor, but there are still many people who do it.
•More people had a job from ages 13-18 yrs. than other ages.

(Child Labor during the British Revolution, www.eh.net/encyclopedia/article/tuttle.labor.child.britain) Child Labor in the Victorian Era Child labor is children who work to produce a good or service which can be sold for money. The child then gives the money to the parents to keep the family alive.

People today still debate on the issue of child labor. Many countries have illegalizied child labor, but there are still many people who do it.

The children in the Victorian Era were forced to work at such a young age.

(Child Labor http://eh.net/encyclopedia/article/tuttle.labor.child.britain) Farmer  Children who lived on a farm worked planting seeds, pulling weeds and harvesting crops.
 Boys looked after animals like sheep and cattle.
 Girls worked milking cows and tended to the chicken.
 Some children worked in homes, but usually those conditions were harsh.

(Child Labor during the British Revolution, www.eh.net/encyclopedia/article/tuttle.labor.child.britain) Free Labor Children "Free labour" children were those who lived at home but worked during the days in factories at the insistence of their parents or guardians.

Private factory owners could not forcibly subjugate "free labour" children; they could not compel them to work in conditions their parents found unacceptable.

The free labor were under the direct authority and supervisionbut of government officials not of their parents.

Many children were orphans; a few were victims of uncaring parents or parents whose health or lack of skills kept them from earning sufficient income to care for a family.

All of the free labor children were in the custody of
"parish authorities."

(Child Labor and the British Industrial Revolution www.mackinac.org/3879) Focusing on Charles Dickens Childhood In Dickens time, only at least twenty percent of the kids aged from five to fifteen barely had any form
of learning.

Dickens family was in debater’s prison, worked at the age of twelve in the Blacking Factory.

Dickens was 11 when his father was taken away.

(Child Labor www.victorianweb.org/history/hist8.html) Age Groups of Working Children Children between the ages of basically nine to eleven were allowed to work eight hours a day and any age under that was not to work at all by the year of 1833. The ages of eleven to eighteen were permitted to work a maximum of twelve hours a day.
Young children (boys and girls) worked in iron and coal mines at the age of five, and generally died before they were twenty-five. More jobs that kids worked at was ship yards, gas works, construction, match factories, nail factories,domestic servantry, and the business of chimney sweeping. There were over 120,000 domestic servants in London who worked eighty hours a week for one halfpence a hour. Exploitation of child labor was more extensive, was to be enforced in all of England by a total of four inspectors. Most funerals in the time of the Victorian Era was made out to mostly younger people from the ages of five to twenty five due to harsh lobor conditions back then. Another act in 1847 limited both adults and children to ten hours of work daily. (Child Labor, www.victoianweb.org/history/hist8.html) Citations Cody, David "Child Labor" www.victoianweb.org/history/hist8.html Web. 10 December 2008 Tuttle, Caroline "Child Labor during the British Industrial Revolution" www.eh.net/encyclopedia/article/tuttle.labor.child.britain
Web. 14 August 2001 Reed, Lawerence "Child Labor and the British Industrial Revolution" www.mackinac.org/3879
7 December 2007 Pictures Thanks for Watching :-p
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