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The Guadalquivir River
Transcript of The Guadalquivir River
The source of the Guadalquivir River is found in Cañada de las Fuentes, in the Cazorla mountain range (province of Jaén). In its upper course, the river is narrow and flows quickly.
Throughout the course of history, the Guadalquivir River has been inhabitaed by many civilisations and known by many different names. From pre-Roman times up until the beginning of the Al-andalus period, the Phonecians called the river "Betis". The Moors then re-named the river "Wad al-Kabir" meaning "Great River", from which its current name "Guadalquivir" is derived.
The Guadalquivir River played an important role during the Age of Discovery. Riches and gold brought back from expeditions to the New World traveled along the river in ships destined for the inland port of Seville. This was a primary point of trade and commerce with the Americas and a major source of wealth and power at the time.
Many people practice a diverse range of water sports in the Guadalquivir River. The two most common activities are rowing and canoeing. Other popular sports include windsurfing, kayaking, polo fishing and more recently stand-up paddle surfing, wakeboarding and kayak polo. In Seville, there is a path that runs along the river bank where lots of people participate in outdoor activities such as running, cycling and roller blading.
The Guadalquivir River is home to many species of fauna.
Fish: sturgeons, eels, trout, barbel, black bass and carp
Birds: eagles, ducks, flamencos, storts, cranes, herons and owls
Amphibians: frogs, salamanders and triton
Reptiles: turtles, snakes and lizards
Mammals: lynx, deer, fox, mangoose and doe deer
The Guadalquivir River can be crossed by various bridges built during different periods of Seville's history. The bridges in order from the north end of the city and their year of construction are as follows:
There are over 1, 300 different species of flora, 24 of which are native to the area. The most predominant are: Mediterranean pine, black pine, juniper, savin juniper, piornos and thyme. There is also a large abundance of flowers in the region.
The fertile lowlands of the Guadalquivir River near Seville are used for the cultivation of rice, corn, cotton, olives and oranges, among other crops.
The Guadalquivir River is around 670 kilometres in length, making it the fifth longest river in Spain. On its journey from beginning to end, it passes through many Andalusian provinces, such as: Jaén, Córdoba, Sevilla and Cádiz.
In its middle course, the river widens as it gathers water from tributaries, the principal one being Genil.
The lower course of the river traverses wet marshlands before opening into a broad estuary in Sanlúcar de Barrameda (Gulf of Cádiz) and flowing into the Atlantic Ocean. The surrounding area is very fertile.
Puente del Alamillo (1991)
Puente de la Barqueta (1992)
Puente de la Cartuja (1991)
Puente del Santísimo Cristo de la Expiración (1991)
Puente de Isabel II (1852)
Puente de San Telmo (1931)
Puente de los Remedios (1968)
Puente de las Delicias (1992)
Puente del V Cenentario (1991)