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UNSC Sanctions and the ICC

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by

Miguel Barradas

on 9 June 2014

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Transcript of UNSC Sanctions and the ICC

UNSC Sanctions and the ICC
by Miguel Barradas Cerón
UNITED NATIONS SECURITY COUNCIL
Has the responsibility to maintain the international peace and security
The UNSC can impose enforcement measures.
These sanctions can be:

Economic measures that cut trade
Arm embargoes
Targeted Sanctions
Use of force
...And other type of sanctions
This type of sanctions can be used...
1. As non-proliferation measures
2. As counter-terrorism measures
3. In case of civil conflict or gross human rights violations
Sometimes, certain sanctions can affect the population, so the UNSC has developed a new concept...
TARGETED SANCTIONS
This sanctions focus on individuals that are responsible for the threat to peace
The Targeted Sanctions can be...

Financial Sanctions, or
Travel Bans
Sometimes, the individualization of enforcement also take place in another form.... for example, the ICC
THE INTERNATIONAL CRIMINAL COURT
Was created in the Rome Statute in 1998 The Statute entered into force in 2002
Predecessors:
Nuremberg Tribunal (1945-1946)
Tokyo Tribunal (1945-1948)
Yugoslav Tribunal (1993)
Rwanda Tribunal (1994)
THE ICC HAS JURISDICTION TO PROSECUTE:

Genocide
Crimes against humanity
War crimes
Aggression (Kampala Agreement)
THE ICC CAN PROSECUTE CRIMES:

Committed in a territory of a Member State
Committed by a national of a Member State
THE ICC IS BASED ON THE
IDEA OF COMPLEMENTARY

So, ICC comes into action only when States
are unable to prosecute cases themselves
TRIGGER MECHANISMS
(when the ICC can start cases)
1. State referral
2. Prosecutor Initiative
3. UNSC referral
Picture credits
Image 1: http://globalsolutions.org/files/public/images/UN-Emblem-Gold.png

Image 2. http://www.salem-news.com/stimg/january262011/no-nukes-2932.jpg

Image 3. http://expatfinancial.com/wp-content/uploads/2013/08/terrorism-guy.jpg

Image 4. http://persian2english.com/wp-content/uploads/2010/03/591.jpg

Image 5. http://4.bp.blogspot.com/-1wO1544yU38/Ujfx8TW3iCI/AAAAAAAA19k/Lrsq4yArEHM/s1600/target-on-back.jpg

Image 6. http://minivannews.com/files/2013/11/air-ban1.jpg

Image 7. http://s1.hubimg.com/u/5013214_f260.jpg

Image 8. http://displaysanddesigns.files.wordpress.com/2011/02/losing-money-gambling.jpg

Image 9. https://www.jewishvirtuallibrary.org/images/nuremberg_defendants.jpg

Image 10. http://www.un.org/News/dh/photos/large/2011/December/21-12-2011ictrarusha.jpg

Image 11. http://d3819ii77zvwic.cloudfront.net/wp-content/uploads/2014/04/main19.jpg

Image 12. http://img.timeinc.net/time/daily/2008/0812/360_genocide_1208.jpg

Image 13. http://www.pacificwar.org.au/webgraphics/JapWarCrimes/Aussie_execution.jpg

Image 14. http://voyager.oxfordshire.gov.uk/MapIcons/ZoomIn.jpg

Image 15. http://icons.iconarchive.com/icons/designcontest/ecommerce-business/256/maps-icon.png

Image 16. http://lacomunidad.elpais.com/blogfiles/mermadon/ETAVUELVEAMATAR.jpg

Image 17. http://globalsolutions.org/files/public/images/icc2.jpg

Image 18. http://palabraquehacevida.files.wordpress.com/2012/07/hablar-no-redimido.jpg

Image 19. http://curiosidades.batanga.com/sites/curiosidades.batanga.com/files/imagecache/completa/Cuanto-tiempo-puede-estar-una-persona-sin-dormir-3.jpg

Image 20. http://static.guim.co.uk/sys-images/Guardian/Pix/pictures/2011/3/17/1300403124038/UN-security-council-vote--007.jpg
Full transcript