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Transcript of Shakespeare Prezi
1607 - The year that A Midsummer Night's Dream is thought to have been performed for the first time.
17 - The number of years to elapse between the writing and the production of the play in 1607. It has, however, also been suggested that this play may have been written six years later in 1596, and not 1590.
16 - The number of times the word 'dream' actually appears in text of Shakespeare's A Midsummer Night's Dream.
Shakespeare's Professional Life
Collaborative Research Project
Shakespeare's Life and Works
-Themes in some tragedies:
1. Passion (Romeo & Juliet)
4. Jealousy (Othello)
- A five act play, fundamentally serious, involves the downfall of a heroic figure.
•The Globe Theater had an open-air design along with a circle structure.
•It took a total of 6 months to build the structure.
•There were no bathrooms.
•There was only one main entrance and exit.
•The floor of the stage is elevated off the ground around 4-5 feet with trap doors so that special effects were possible. Also the stage protruded into the yard.
•On the back of the stage, there was a roofed, house-like structure supported by two large columns called the ‘Herculean’ columns. The columns were made out of huge, single tree trunks that would support the wood and keep them from snapping.
•These Herculean columns also supported the ‘heavens.’
•The heavens created a hidden area for the actors to hide, along with a collection of pulleys, ropes, etc. that the actors could use to create special effects like flying or a dramatic entrance.
•The charge to enter the Lord's room was 5 pence. This area had cushioned seats and the actors' voices carried very well. It was considered the best seat in the house.
•The groundlings, aka the commoners, paid a penny to stand and watch the play in the pit.
•There were two sets of stairs leading up to the Lord's room and the Gentlemen’s room seating areas.
Building of the Theater
The Tiring House was a separate room from the Globe that was used like a back stage.
The actors changed into costume inside the Tiring House and used it to change costumes to become different characters during the play.
It was also used as a rehearsal area for the actors before the play.
The Tiring House had three doors that the actors could come in and out of to change.
The Tiring House was connected to the prop room.
Inside the Tiring House, everyone had to change in one open area as there were no dressing rooms.
In the Globe Theater, the lowest class sat in the pit.
In the pit, people stashed away rotted food in their coats to throw at the actors if they didn't like what was going on in the play.
The actors in the plays wore Elizabethan clothing.
The nobles or middle class people sat in the rows above the stage to watch the plays.
The richest of the rich sat on the stage and the actors acted around them.
Trap doors were built into the stage to allow dramatic entrances for the actors.
There were two types of trapped doors, one called “grave trap” and the other “hell trap.”
People who would make noises and special effects would hide in the hell trap.
* Married Anne Hathaway on Nov. 28, 1582 in Worcester.
* William was 18, and Anne was 26.
*First child, Susanna, was born 7 months after the marriage. (May 26, 1583).
*After Susanna, twins Hamnet and Judith were born. (February 2, 1585)
-Hamnet died at age 11 (unknown cause of death).
*After Hamnet died, there are 7 years of no written records
* William had only one grandchild- Elizabeth, daughter of Susanna.
* Shakespeare died a rich man! He left his property to Susanna.
* Buried in Stratford-upon-Avon, and put a curse on anyone who dared to move his body from his grave.
-Remains are still undisturbed!
* 157 million pages referring to William Shakespeare on Google.
* Out of the few of William Shakespeare's signatures that are still legible today, none of them read "William Shakespeare".
* William had to flee England at one point because he was caught poaching.
* Historians have no record of when William Shakespeare was born (estimate April 23, 1564)
* William was baptized on April 26, 1564 at Holy Trinity Church in Stratford-upon-Avon.
-This is one of the days we celebrate his birthday.
* 3rd child of John Shakespeare (leather merchant) and Mary Alden (local landed heiress)
* 2 older sisters- Joan and Judith.
* 3 younger brothers- Gilbert, Richard, and Edmund.
* Attended King's New School (Elementary-High School)
* Never attended a University.
-The first Globe Theater was built in 1599 on the south bank of the Thames river in southward London.
-The Globe was built because the theater that was being used before the Globe, the very first theater called “The Theatre,” was no longer useable. James Burbage had a lease and the lease had expired. There were disputes about the new lease and Mr. Burbage and the owner could not come to an agreement. So "The Theater” burned to the ground and scraps from it were used to build the second Globe Theater.
Reasons the theater would close:
-religious holidays such as Lent.
-bad weather because it was an open theater; also closed in cold winter months.
-closed on Thursdays because the theater industry was becoming so popular that it gave other industries a chance to catch up.
- Disasters also closed the theater such as plagues and wars.
Common Elements of Tragedies
An idea, character, or object opposes with another for emphasis.
Heightens distinction of character and increases interest.
Intervention of force which humans do not have a choice over.
Complicates the plot but does not bring the hero's downfall.
Shakespeare knew ghosts, witches, premonitions and other superstitions appealed to the audience therefore he included them.
Since the hero's actions effect everyone, The Chain of Being, nature reacts through unusual animal behavior or weather
Nemesis is the Greek goddess of vengeance.
She pursues those who have displeased the gods.
By the Victorian era, the term became associated with any agent of fate.
To allow more syllables to be on one line of iambic pentameter.
Each line of the sonnet contains ten syllables. The rhythm of the words resembles a heartbeat. Starting with an unstressed syllable then a stressed syllable.
The syllables are divided into five pairs called iambs.
Inverted Sentence Structure
Modern English: Subject, verb, object.
Shakespeare: Subject, object, verb.
William Shakespeare: Tragedy facts
William Shakespeare started writing tragedies because he thought the tragic plots used by other English writers were lacking artistic purpose and form. He used the fall of a notable person as the main focus in his tragedies. Suspense and climax were an added attraction for the audience. His work was extraordinary in that it was not of the norm for the time. A reader with even little knowledge of his work would recognize one of the tragedies as a work of Shakespeare.
What is a Tragedy?
Rurr, Andrew. "Shakespeare's Tragedies." Shakespeare's Tragedies. N.p., 1995. Web. 23 Apr. 2013.
William is widely known as the great playwright.
He also had three children which one was named hamlet which his play was named after his son
Married Anne Hathaway
"Introduction to Shakespearean Tragedy." scs. N.p., n.d. Web. 12 Apr. 2013. <http://www.scs.sk.ca/edf/ce/ela10/b10%20decisions%20unit/elements%20of%20tragedy.pdf>.
-describes the intended impact of tragedy on the audience, the reason why we are drawn in
-detached pity and involved terror that leaves the spectator with "calm of mind, all passion spent"
-uncertainty in an incident, situation, behavior
-keeps the audience anxious concerning the outcome of the protagonist's conflict
Phrases and words use today
Comedies have happy endings - It ends with the marriage of unmarried characters, and a lighthearted style to the entire play.
Modern English: She ate lunch.
Shakespeare: She lunch ate.
A Tragedies is...
O'er - Shakespearean language
over - modern language
Shakespeare's Language." Royal Shakespeare Company. N.p., n.d. Web. 24 Apr. 2013.
English Department's Site Shakespearean Language." Haverling High School English Department. N.p.n.d. Web. 24 Apr. 2013. <http://www.bathcsd.org/webpages/edepartment/
The Language of Shakespeare." Shakespeare Resource Center. Shakespeare Resource Center, n.d. Web. 24 Apr. 2013. <http://www.bardweb.net/language.html>.
Shakespeare's Grammar." Shakespeare Resource Center. Shakespeare Resource Center, n.d. Web. 24 Apr. 2013. <http://www.bardweb.net/grammar/01syntax.html>.
Picture Quotes From William Shakespeare." QuotePixel. QuotePixel, n.d. Web. 24 Apr. 2013.
Shakespeare." funny junk. funny junk, n.d. Web. 24 Apr. 2013. <http://www.funnyjunk.com/
Language picture." Buzzle. Buzzle, n.d. Web. 24 Apr. 2013. <http://www.buzzle.com/articles/
Mabillard, Amanda. Shakespeare's Language Shakespeare Online. 24 Apr. 2013.
< http://www.shakespeare-online.com/biography/shakespearelanguage.html >
The comedies themselves can be sub-categorized as tragicomedies, romantic comedies, comedies of justice, and simple entertaining comedies
In all of William Shakespeares comedies have five acts, the climax of the play is always during the third act.
Shakespearean comedies also contain a wide variety of characters. Shakespeare's female leads are usually described as petite, and often they assume male disguises.
Many themes are repeated throughout Shakespearean comedies. One theme is the never-ending struggle between the forces of good and evil. Another theme is that love has profound effects, and that people often hide behind false faces.
It was written in 1605 or 1606, right after James I, the first Stuart king, took up the crown of England in 1603. James I was the son of Mary, Queen of Scots (cousin to Elizabeth I).
Coincidentally, Macbeth is the only of Shakespeare's plays set in Scotland, and it includes a nice little moment where he ties James I's ancestry to the rightful succession.
-speech made by character when alone on the stage
"Still Of Claire Danes And Leonardo DiCaprio In Romeo Juliet Picture." Pin Still Of Claire Danes And Leonardo DiCaprio In Romeo Juliet on Pinterest. N.p., n.d. Web. 24 Apr. 2013.
The main characteristics in Shakespeare's Comedies are:
•A struggle of young lovers to overcome problems, often the result of the interference of their elders
•There is some element of separation and reunification
•Mistaken identities, often involving disguise
•A clever servant
•Family tensions that are usually resolved in the end
•Complex, interwoven plot-lines
•Frequent use of puns and other styles of comedy
The Shakespearean plays which are usually classed as Comedy are:
"Hamlet: Table of Contents." Hamlet: TOC. N.p., n.d. Web. 24 Apr. 2013.
"MacBeth." Mr Dwyer. N.p., n.d. Web. 24 Apr. 2013.
"Macbeth." Shmoop. N.p., n.d. Web. 24 Apr. 2013.
-comments intended only for the audience or one other character on stage
A summation of the Globe Theater
-usually explains plot development
-creates humor with a witty comment
-creates suspense (foreshadowing)
"Shakespeare’s Plays Honestly Retitled for the Sake of Clarity [10 Pictures] - 22 Words." 22 Words RSS. N.p., n.d. Web. 24 Apr. 2013.
-reveals a character and mood of speaker
WILLIAM SHAKESPEARE COMEDIES
1. All's Well That Ends Well
2. As You Like It
3.The Comedy of Errors
5. Love's Labour’s Lost
6. Measure for Measure
7. The Merry Wives of Windsor
8. The Merchant of Venice
9. A Midsummer Night's Dream
10. Much Ado About Nothing
11. Pericles, Prince of Tyre
12. The Taming of the Shrew
13. The Tempest
14. Troilus and Cressida
15. Twelfth Night
16. Two Gentlemen of Verona
17. The Two Noble Kinsmen
18. The Winter's Tale
-when the audience is aware of the situations that are unknown to the character/s on stage or when some characters are ignorant.
Why do people think Shakespeare's language is so different?
The majority of Shakespeare's language is still in current usage
Note: Shakespeare writes playwrights, so his plays were meant for the stage, not the page. This is a reason people may think modern language is different.
Shakespeare had the idea of rearranging words and was very creative with his wordings to create excitement in his plays.
Many songwriters nowadays use the same rearranging of words as Shakespeare once did.
-fight scenes, crowd scenes, banquets, dancing parties, and royal courts
-presents unusual sights which the audience enjoys
Two distinct meanings are suggested either by the same word or by two similar-sounding words.
When a clock is hungry it goes back four seconds.
kind of pun in which a word or phrase has a second, usually sexual, meaning.
Example of Double Entrendre
"If I said I want your body now, would you hold it against me?" - Brittany Spears
There are 14 lines. The first twelve are divided into three quatrains. In the quatrains, every other line rhymes. It goes in a rhythm of abab cdcd efef gg. The last two lines are called a couplet in which both rhyme (gg).
Only three of Shakespeare's sonnets (out of 154 sonnets don't follow this rule.
Sonnet 99 (15 lines), Sonnet 156 (12 lines), and Sonnet 145 (iambic tetrameter)
Tone and Style is more light-hearted than other Shakespeare plays to add the humerous effect.
Shakespearean Comedies include;
More emphasis on situations rather than the characters
Struggle between young lovers and them overcoming difficulties
Conflicts between characrters. Problems are usually between family members
All styles of comedy are used
Shakespeare has invented over 1,700 words
Words used today
Words Shakespeare used
Common Elements Used in Macbeth
Dost/doth-does or do
Fi-exclamation of disgust
Mark-pay attention to
Witchcraft was a hot topic at the end of the 16th and beginning of the 17th century.
Macbeth murders the King who thanes him when the King is a guest in his castle.
He was the first born son, and the third child out of eight children.
Shakespeare's education began at the age of seven at King's new school
He was pulled out of school at the age of 13 because his father was in financial and social difficulties.
Although he was pulled out of school, he still pursued English and Latin.
Shakespeare first began writing when he was age twelve.
Comedies vs Tragedies
The plot is very important in Shakespeare's comedies. They are often very convoluted, twisted and confusing, and extremely hard to follow.
Shakespearean comedy is the themes of love and friendship, played within a courtly society
foil and stock characters are often inserted into the plot.
William performed in "Edward 1" by Edward Peele
William had wrote "The comedy of error's" and the "Love's Labours Lost
This year was the hardest for will
He composed Richard II
Also "A Midsummer Nights Dream"
One of the greatest love stories "romeo and Juliet"
Another greatest is "Hamlet"
First production of Julius Caesar at the globe theater
He began writing "The Phoenix and the Turtle" and "Twelfth Night"
Wrote "Troilus and Cressida"
Wrote his play "Measure for Measure"
Was also the first performance of Othello to public
Composed "Anthony and Celopatra"
Wrote "The Winters Tale" and the play called "The Tempest"
In the year of 1616 was the year William Shakespeare had died
Shakespeare used two kinds of comedy:
High comedy- Whit and language, usually for those more educated.
Low comedy- Comedy using phyical humor.
Several of Shakespeare's comedies, such as Measure for Measure and All's Well That Ends Well, have an unusual tone with a difficult mix of humor and tragedy which has led them to be classified as problem plays.
It is not clear whether the uneven nature of these dramas is due to an imperfect understanding of Elizabethan humor and society, a fault on Shakespeare's part, or a deliberate attempt by him to blend styles and mess with the audience's expectations.
By the end of Shakespeare's life, he had written seventeen comedies
William Shakespeare's plays come in many forms. There are the histories, tragedies, comedies, and tragicomedies. Among the most popular are the comedies, which are full of laughter, irony, and wordplay.
The plot is very important in Shakespeare's comedies. They are often very twisted and confusing, and extremely hard to follow. Another characteristic of Shakespearean comedy is the themes of love and friendship, played within a courtly society. Songs often sung by a jester or a fool parallel the events of the plot. Also, foil and stock characters are often inserted into the plot.
Little Shakespeare and mother, Arden.
Camille if you read this Cecelia and Katherine and Izy are meeting in the library at 7:15 tomorrow morning to work on this! lolololol
Sonnets,Poems, & Plays
Fun Facts Of Will
Shakespeare had attained success as an actor and playwrights
He starting acting
William leaves his home in Stratford upon Avon and begins his work in the theaters
William reputation was mainly relies on the 38 plays he wrote, modified, and collaborated
In Shakespeare plays and poems he invented thousands of words often combining Latin, Native Roots and French.
Only 18 of his plays were published separated in Quatro editions during his lifetime
He "lived" till he was 52 years old
Shakespeare is the second most quoted person in the English language
Abraham Lincoln was a great lover of William Shakespeare
He wrote 154 sonnets!
Mini-biography of William Shakespeare
What would life be without a little Shakespeare?