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Transcript of Early Humans
The people of the ice age were probably the first to wear clothes. They would almost certainly have needed more than their hair to keep them warm in the cold conditions, and may agave been used as for shelter as well. The first woolen textiles were probably made in the Near East, where sheep were first tamed, in he late Stone Age. Spinning and weaving slowly become more popular until, by the Iron Age, quite sophisticated Looms were used to weave fine fabrics. Dyes were also used from the Stone Age onward, and these, together with body decoration allowed ancient people to present a bright appearance. Clothing and fabrics Tilling the soil Humanity's greatest ever advancement, farming first began in the near east around 10,000 BC and spread throughout Europe during the next six thousand years. It also developed in America, he Far East, and other areas of the world. The ability to grow plant and raise animals meant that people could control their source of food rather than rely only on hunting and gathering. Farming made people able to stay in one place all year round and to feed a greater number of people. As a result the population increased and towns began to develop. Ancient writing The first writing slowly developed in Mesopotamia and was used to record trading deals. At first, picture of objects being exchanged were simply drawn on tokens, later symbols were used to represent ideas. By about 3500
BC, the actual sound of speech were written down on clay tablets using a stylus. This type of script is known as cuneiform The idea of writing spread around the Old World, and about 1000 BC the Phoenicians had invented an alphabet. Writing was also involved in other places. In China it first appears carved on bones to record military affairs and the deeds of of kings. In Central America, the Maya used hieroglyphs, most of which have only recently been translated to make astronomical records and to list royal dynasties. In all these ancient societies writing was restricted to the upper class because it was a source of knowledge and power.
For ninety nine percent of their time on earth, humans have survived by hunting animals and gathering plants for food. During the Ice Age,people in Europe were probably hunting big animals such as the woolly mammoth. Thanks for Watching Fruit was an important food for early Mediterranean people. As well as being a rich source of nutrition, it can be dried and stored. Woodlands yielded an large supply of wild nut berries, which are excellent source of nutrition and easily be stored. Hazelnuts seem to have been stored for the winter, and fruit could be preserved in the form of jam. In the Near East, wheat grains were first collected wild, and then cultivated. Juniper berries made a tasty spice. Spices Beside salt, which was used more to preserves food then to flavor it, a different of seasoning and spices have a long history. Some, such as coriander, were also prized because they are good for the digestive system. From the woods Fruit 1 shaping the core The first step in flint working was to select a piece of flint and to select a price of flint and to start trimming it to a roughly shape. 2 Removing flakes A stone hammer was used to strike a sharp blow along the edge of the rough cut flint. This removed a large chip from the underside. 3 Finishing The axe was trimmed by striking it along its edge with a bone hammer. Although Homo erectus probably started life in Africa, remains have been found in places as far away as China and Java. Fire sticks The earliest hominines might have made occasional use of natural fire caused by lightning, but Homo erectus seems to have been the first to create and use fire deliberately. A simple wooden tool like a stick and a wooden hearth would have been used to start a fire. Evidence for fire Some of the earliest evidence for human use of fire comes from a cave at Choikoutien near Beijing China. Inside, a large number of Homo erectus remains were found, dating back to 360,000 years ago. A deep layer of ash showed continued use if fire.
The spread of Homo Erectus On this model of a bow drill, the leather bow makes it easy to turn the drill fast and get enough friction to start a fire. Fire drill This simple fire drill shows the basic principle of generating heat by Turing the drill to create friction so the wood underneath begins to burn. Around the Hearth In the sort of fire makers, the tinder ignited by the fire drill was added to a harp of dry grass and small sticks. Larger pieces were added once the fire was alight. A circle of large stones helped to protect it from drafts. Bow drill Early artists used earth colors such as ochres, and pigments made from other naturally occurring minerals. Making the colors The decoration on many early pots were engraved in the surface of the clay. The potter's art Fishing tackle This harpoon would have been used for spearing fish from a sandbank at the river's edge. It dates from c.8000 BC. Arrows like this were used about 8000 years ago. The head was stuck in place with birch resin glue. Simple but deadly The bow and arrow were developed to hunt the shy forest animals from a distance. Flint Arrow In the areas of Europe, Pioneer farmers used axes to clear huge areas of area of their Fields. The first harvest Cereal crops were harvested with sickles until the coming of the combine harvester in the early part of this century. Einkorn wheat, grows wild in Turkey and Iran, where it was first cultivated. Backbreaking task Cleaning the ground Scraper When an animal skin had been cut away from the body, a scraper was used to remove fat and tissue. Flint knives These disk shaped knives were used to cut the skin from the animal's body and cut it to shape. Skin preparation These are three stages in making leather. First the hide is cleaned and hair is removed with combs next is tanned to preserve it finally it is decorated and treated, so that the leather is correct thickness and will not dry out. Chinese Characters The Chinese script is the oldest writing still in use in the world. In the Bronze Age Shang period a form was used for around 1300 BC which is still related to modern Chinese. In 221 BC the Ch'in state brought in a standard script to replace all the regional variations that developed, and this is still used today. Mayan Writing For generations, scholar were baffled by the pictorial script of the Maya. It bears no resemblance to any other known writing. The first simple bars and dots of the calendar were translated in 1880, but for nearly a hundred years it was thought that Mayan writing was used only for recording the calendar and for astronomical calculations. It was not till the 1960s that researchers found that some glyphs referred to the kings and their exploits. Now nearly 80 percent are have been decoded and a history of the Maya is being uncovered. Early Humans Created by: Jason Jiang Bye :) Mayan alphabet Cave painting of a dun horse (equine) at Lascaux Chinese characters Hope you enjoyed my presentation Enjoy the rest of your day!
Australopithecus (southern ape) lived approximately 1.2 to 4 million year ago. The study's of their fossilized skeletons suggest that they had small brains, and teeth similar to today's humans. Scientist call Australopithecus a 'prehuman hominid,' which means that they were not fully like human. Homo habilis Homo habilis lived 2 to 1.5 million years ago.
Evidence suggests that they made crude shelter from branches and used stone as tools. For this reason, archaeologist nicknamed Homo habilis 'handyman.'
The length of the bone fossils show that these people walked upright with long, dangling arms. Though not skillful hunters, these humans did eat meat if they found discarded carcasses.
Scientists consider Homo habilis the first real human. Australopithecus Homo erectus Homo erectus nicknamed "upright man" lived 1.6 to 300,000 years ago. They were as tall as we are, but they were stronger. Homo erectus looked more like us than earlier humans did. Measurements of the skull cavity suggest that Homo erectus had a bigger brain than Homo habilis, but they could not talk. Other evidence indicates that Homo erectus had learned how to make fire. Homo sapiens (Neanderthals) Sapiens means thinking. Early Homo sapiens, commonly known as Neanderthals, were starter then earlier human. Their remains and the items they left behind suggest that they made stone knives, a process that takes nine steps and about 250 blows. Neanderthals built shelters and other other structures to protect themselves. Some scientist say that these were the first people to bury their dead. Homo sapiens (Cro-Magnon) Cro-Magnon human, lived 100,000 to 10,000 years ago. Cro-Magnons are named after the place where they were first found in caves there suggests that Cro- Magnons invented a variety of tools to hunt and fish, paint, draw, sew, make music, and fight with others. They are another groups of Homo sapiens, had even bigger brains and a real capacity for complex thinking. Cro-Magnon humans made both fish hooks and needles from antlers. Homo sapiens (modern humans) Homo sapiens lived 10,000 years ago to the present. Evidence of these humans first appeared in Africa.Homo sapiens sapiens is the species to which modern-day people belong. These modern humans survived the last Ice Age and went on to populate the earth. Only with Homo sapiens did human civilization finally became possible. Sources: