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Great Indians

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Tenorazel Washington

on 18 October 2012

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Transcript of Great Indians

Let's Review What is the difference between an urban and a rural area? What does the word arid mean? What is a cash crop? In 3 or more sentences describe what the Ramayana is about? India and Pakistan both feel that what country belongs to them? In every society there are great people. These people are responsible for doing things that make their community, state, and nation a better place to live. Great Indians Mohandas Gandhi Mother Teresa Siddhartha Gautama Ashoka the Great Mohandas Gandhi not only led his own country to independence but also influenced political activists of many cultural backgrounds throughout the world with his methods and philosophy of nonviolent confrontation and civil disobedience. Born on October 2, 1869, his actions inspired a great Indian poet to call him "Mahatma" which means "great soul". When he was 18 he went to England to study law. From there he went to work for an Indian firm in South Africa. During these years Gandhi's humiliating experiences of racial discrimination propelled him to take action against discrimination in the Indian community of South Africa. He assumed leadership of protest campaigns and gradually developed his techniques of nonviolent resistance. Once in India, Gandhi became an important figure in the Indian National Congress. He used a number of nonviolent methods to get the British stop treating the people of India badly.
He used a number of nonviolent tactics to rebel against British rule of India:

Boycotts- refusal to purchase any British made goods or services
Marches- nonviolent public protests of British rules
Hunger strikes- refusing to eat until changes were made

Gandhi fought to improve the status of the lowest classes of society, the ‘Untouchables’.

His efforts of getting rid of the control the British led to India getting its independence. When she was born her name was Agnes Goxa Bojaxiu, today she is known as Mother Teresa. She was born on August 27, 1910 Her aim in life was to serve the sick and the poor and she dedicated her full life towards this purpose. She would roam the dangerous dark and dirty streets of Calcutta at night, covering the cold and offering food and shelter to the poor.Compassion, dignity and sympathy marked her every action. Through her efforts she managed to open several institutions to help the downtrodden 'Missionaries of Charity', ' Nirmal Hriday', and 'Shishu Bhavan' which houses the mentally and physically challenged children. Mother Teresa was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize in 1979. Despite all the public acclaim, national and international honors, Mother Teresa remained humble, kind and generous till the end.She passed away September 1997. Ashoka was born in 294 B.C.E. Ashoka was a good administrator and at first set about restoring peace in his kingdom. This took about 3 years.During his reign, the country made progress in terms of science and technology as well as advanced in medicine and surgery. (before the common era) His fame has spread far and wide. To commemorate his rule and its implications the Government of India has adopted the Ashoka Chakra as its national symbol, which can be seen today on the national flag. After a fierce battle in which many were dead and wounded, Ashoka vowed never to wage war again. He converted to Buddhism and follwed its principles of truth, charity, kindness, purity and goodness. Ashoka opened charitable hospitals for the welfare of the poor.

He planted trees and opened inns for the shelter of travelers.

Wells and tanks were built to get water to his people.

He believed in non-violence and so he banned the sacrifice of animals. He opened clinics for animals, the 1st veterinary clinics. Siddhartha Gautama was born in 563 B.C.E. (before the common era) Copy this Siddhartha was the son of a King. He was made to lead a very sheltered life as the astrologers had predicted that he would give up worldly pleasures to follow a different path. The King wanted to avoid this at all costs and so did not let him out of the palace. He hoped that Siddhartha would one day become king. One day he ventured out of the palace and saw three things that changed his life. He first saw a very old man who could barely walk, a sick man who was in a great deal of pain, and lastly a corpse. He saw that the world was full of suffering and death and that there had to be more to human existence. He left his family and traveled the country studying, trying to find the meaning of life and death. One day he stopped to rest under a shade tree. He shut his eyes and was blessed with a divine light. This was the turning point, as he realized the truth is within every human being. After this he was known as "Buddha". the enlightened one Buddha spread his message of a spiritual life. He did not believe in rituals but pointed to an 8 Fold Path.
right speech
understanding
determination
deeds
efforts
awareness
thinking
living He taught Buddhism to people all around India for 45 years. He was the founder of Buddhism which is still a major religion in Asia and other parts of the world. On January 30, 1948 Gandhi was assasinated. Copy this
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