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Olympic National Park

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by

Savanah G.

on 3 April 2014

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Transcript of Olympic National Park

Olympic National Park
Olympic Park Map
Park Facilities
Directions
Biomes
Temperate Rain Forest
-Rain
-Moderate temps
-Epiphytes i.e. moss, lichens, ferns
-Large old trees ex: Sitka Spruce and Western Hemlocks
-Nurse logs:many seeds germinate on and produce more trees
big leaf maple
Ecological Balances
Limiting Factors:
Fish Passage Barriers-salmon are limited to certain spawning and rearing locations by natural features of the landscape such as channel gradients and the physical features of the landscape

Functions of Floodplains-floodplains provide life for aquatic habitats and sometimes become flooded which affect life stages of juvenile fish

Streambed Sediment- effects the storing and transporting of nutrients

Human Effects such as leaving behind trash and feeding animals


Abiotic Factors
-Mountains: can affect population because they create many of the areas that organisms live in. another important reason why mountains are important abiotic factors is that they serve as protection in the environment from more vicious organisms like the black bear.
-Lakes: are major abiotic factors because they serve as barriers for certain land animals that cannot swim across. Rivers also provide food for animals like the black bear that eats fish or simply provide water for animals that rely on the river as a source.
Biotic Factors
-Olympic National Park is home to a wide variety of life.
-Animals range from terrestrial/marine mammals, amphibians, birds, fish, invertebrates, and reptiles.
-Plants range from a wide diversity of coastal, lowland, temperate rain forest, montane, subalpine, and alpine.

Species/Geology
-Offshore you can find whales, dolphins, seals, and sea otters.
-On land you can find raccoon, beavers, and minks that live mostly on low land ranges
-Animals like deer, elk, cougars, and bears can range from valleys to mountain meadows.
-Plants like sitka spruce, western hemlock, evergreen huckleberry, deer fern, and yellow skunk cabbage are all common species of the park’s trees, shrubs, and understory species.

-The parks geology is very diverse. Surrounding the olypic peninsula there are snowy peaks that lead into the misty coast. The misty temperate rain forest on the west side is not too far from the dry oak savanna in the northeast of the mountains. These drastic and varied geological aspects explain the variety in habitats and species.

Abiotic & Biotic Factor
Species & Geology
Endangered Species
-Animals like the northern spotted owl, marbled murrelet, bald eagle, bull trout, and Pudget Sound Chinook salmon are species considered endangered within the park.
-2008 marked the beginning of a 3 year reintroduction project and restoration of these andangered species.

Endangered Species &
History
History
-Geological History: The Olympic Mountains are a perfect example of a subduction complex. This means that it is a thick wedge of rocks produced by the offscraping of ocean floor sediments during subduction. Another geological attribution to the park is that fission track had a lot to do with the core rocks in the mountain ranges.
-Human History: Prior to the influx of European settlers, the population was primarily Native American. They mainly used the peninsula region of Olympic for fishing and hunting. When settlers began to appear there was a rise in extractive industry. People began expressing concern and interest in the outdoors. In 1909 Teddy Roosevelt created Mount Olympus National Monument to protect the grounds. It was then declared a national park in 1938 by President FDR.



Fun Facts!
Fun Facts
-73 miles of wilderness coast
-60 named glaciers
-16 kinds of endemic animals
-37 native fish species
-1 national natural landmark (Point of Arches)
What to Do?
-For two days: Although there are many activities to do at this park, one of the activities one should be sure to take advantage of is the opportunity to backpack along the bean. It is a challenging yet beautiful activity that one should be sure to experience if taking a short trip to the Olympic National Park.
-For one week: There are several hiking trails ranging from low to intense vigor. If visiting during the winter there are many sports activities held at Hurricane Ridge such as ski lessons, rentals, and snowboarding. When the weather gets warmer, one thing to take advantage of is the beautiful rafting and accessible rivers at Elwha and Hoh that are sure to keep one busy for about a week!

Things to Do
Food Chain
Climate
Moderate marine climate with pleasant summers and mild, wet winters.
Summer temps are usually between 65-75F and winters are between the 30-40F

Precipitation
On Average, there is anywhere from 140-160 inches of rain a year
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