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kelly Horan

on 14 March 2014

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The Industrial Revolution began about 1790-1800s in England.
The Victorian Age
Monday, February 17, 2014
Vol XCIII, No. 311
Is it still going on today?
What was the Industrial Revolution?
Major People of This Time Period
The Various Impacts of The Revolution
The Focus of The Middle Class
Impact On The Cities
The Old Regime is ruled by the King/Queen. In the Old Regime the majority of the population were the peasants. The peasants had easy work such as farming, but had low pay. They could not move up or down, if they were born as a peasant then they will stay as a peasant. The Clergy and Nobles hardly did anything and relied on the peasants to do all the work.
The Middle Class did not emerge in industrial cities until towards the end of the 19th century.The role of the Middle Class was playing into the population of the workers, businessman, and professionals. They made up 80% of the population. Middle-class families lived in well-furnished, spacious homes on paved streets and had a ready supply of water. The new middle class took pride in their hard work and their determination to “get ahead.” Some had sympathy for the poor. Women of the middle class focused their energy on raising their children.
The Middle Class would focus on owning stuff because the more stuff they owned then that indicates the more money they have. With the more money they have then they could move up to the upper class. The more children they had the more money they had too, which increased the population. The upper class could also move down to the Middle Class too. They also wanted to own more things to impress other people.
The Industrial Revolution is still going on today. Today we are still depending on devices and machines to make things for us. People are inventing new things and discovering new technology. Businesses and jobs are being created and much more. Urbanization has been improving, cities spreading, and population growing. Our technology has been increasingly beneficial and more devices are being created to help people and their needs. Labor now is much more safe and employees get benefits and there are also child labor laws. Our world is changing everyday and new things are being thought and created.
The Industrial Revolution had an impact on the Cities by increasingly spreading the population and Urbanization. The false effect on this Industrial Revolution was that there was a mass amount of pollution and contaminated water. It also brought poverty and harsh living conditions for the people. There were many poor people on the streets and small homes. Some cities weren't as harsh and people had a decent life, but the pollution and diseases were spreading.
Cultural/Social Impact & Cities
The factory played a role in the Industrial Revolution by creating jobs for the people. The factories were also there for the people to make things for a living and for others. It was a way of surviving. Factory work greatly affected the life experiences of children, men, and women. Children learned that factory work served as a form of hard schooling. It carried into adult factory jobs child workers who obeyed orders, worked diligently, and survived the health hazards and lack of interest. Woman who worked in factories had a very low pay unlike the men.
Factory Role On Changes
James Watt
Thomas Edison
Alexander Graham
Alessandro Volta
The Industrial Revolution was a time period from the 18th to 19th century where major changes in agriculture, manufacturing, mining, transportation, technology, and urbanization. It first began in England from 1790-1800 and soon spreading around the world. The Industrial Revolution provided opportunities for individuals to rise from poverty to riches through hard work and wisdom. It changed the nature of work for the people. Inventors and industrialists could start companies and gain great wealth.
5.James watt- http://www.bbc.co.uk/history/historic_figures/watt_james.shtml
6.Thomas Edision- http://www.nps.gov/edis/historyculture/edison-biography.htm
Print source
- http://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/59564/Alexander-Graham-Bell
9.Alessandro Volta- http://www.famousscientists.org/alessandro-volta/
Print Source
Nineteenth-Century Inventors By: Jon Noonan
Print Source
Mr. Field
Print Source
. Encyclopedia of The Industrial Revolution In America By James S.Olson
16. http://www.history.ac.uk/ihr/Focus/Victorians/article.html
18. Impact on Cities http://www.historylearningsite.co.uk/industrial_revolution_towns.htm
20. http://industrial-revolution-sammcnay.weebly.com/pros-and-cons.html
21. http://www.livescience.com/2612-steam-engine-changed-world.html
Print Source-

The Old Regime
The New Social Structure
The Victorian age was a time period of modernization and dramatic changes that brought England to it's highest point of development as a world power. England experienced a rapid increase in wealth, but unregulated industrialization brought social and economic problems. It saw it's way of opening Britain's first railway and it's first Reform Parliament. This time period had also emerged in immigration,industrialization and international trade which all contributed to a world that we live in now.
During the previous ages under Kings and the during the Dark age there were wasn't much hope and life wasn't as great. This age is different from the previous ages because it offers the people peace, prosperity, refined, sensibilities, and national self- confidence.The Victorian ideas were more of industries and more conservative, but did inherited the some ideas of Conservatism, Liberalism, and Liberalism from the Enlightenment. More factories being built, urban housing, and more homeless. While the Enlightenment was more of Natural Rights and life was somewhat slower.
The New Social Structure changed into a management society. In the Old Regime no one would move up or down in class, where as in the New Order they could. The peasants became the Middle Class. Their work was much more difficult, but had a steady pay. There were more jobs to work at, but also had high risks in them. In both the Old Regime and the New Order both have difficulties and unfairness
James Watt was born in Greenock on January, 18th, 1736. He is a Scottish inventor and a mechanical engineer. He improved the steam engine which lead its way for their use in factories, mills, mines etc. The invention of the steam engine was created by Thomas Savery and Thomas Newcomen. Their steam engines were used to pump out water from coal mines. However, their machines were slow and wasn't reliable. James Watt made his goal to build and improve the steam engine, so he did. By 1769, Watt built a steam engine using a separate condensing chamber which allowed the machine to continue working all the time. This was something that Newcomen's engine could not succeed in. His steam engine has improved production techniques, mass production, cheaper goods with refined quality. The Railways and Steam ships had also improved and quickened communications.
Thomas Edison was born on February 11th, 1847 in Milan, Ohio. He made and developed the telegraph in the 1800s. He was not the first person to invent the light bulb, but just improved it to make it environmentally safe. His invention made lights inexpensive. Lights depending on electricity was cheaper than buying wax every time you needed light. This made lives more comfortable and easier. The crimes also decreased when the streets were brighter. Still today we use the light bulb has a source of light for our daily life.
Alexander Graham was born on March 3, 1847 in Edinburgh, Scotland. He is a Scottish-born American inventor, scientist, and teacher of the deaf. Graham, is well known for the invention of the telephone in 1876 and the refinement of the phonograph in 1889. He also helped the deaf and made something that the public could use and for a good purpose. One of the well known deaf people that he helped was Hellen Keller. The telephone is an all purpose apparatus. Graham's invention of the telephone has made communication more efficient and faster since it was first developed. It is a great use in anything and we still use it present day.
Alessandro Volta was boin on February 18th, 1745 in Como, Italy. His full name is Alessandro Giuseppe Antonio Anastasio Gerolamo Umberto Volta. He is an Italian physicists who is highly regarded for his invention of the electric cell and the 1777 discovery of methane. Volta came up with methods to measure "electrical tension" and later named this method, "Volt." With this he successfully constructed the first batter, one of the most greatest and important breakthroughs in history of science and mankind. The battery has helped them back then with machines, social life, and much more. Volta's invention has allowed everything from automobiles, lapTops, and portable game devices to function without having to use any cords and untransportable things. These wouldn't even exist hypothetically without Volta's invention.
8, 10
Pros & Cons of These Impacts
19, 20
Increasing population.
New life style.
More income for families.
New inventions.
Kick start to the economy and government system.
Could move up classes.
More opportunities.
High risks of diseases.
Contaminated water.
No insurance or lay off pay.
Dangerous working environment.
Long hours.
Overall I think the Industrial Revolution made the people's life nuetural. The impacts did affect the people in many ways similar to the Dark Ages. People were getting sick again and children were forced to work, but there were also some benefits too. The cities started to grow and the economy and government system improved. It was a new life style and they also had a steady payed job, where as in the past they didn't have a steady payed job. Inventions were invented that improved their lives and our lives, such as the light bulb. Both good and bad reasons don't out weigh each other. As the years went on life got better and many things improved.
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