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Zimbardo's Stanford Prison Guard Experiment
Transcript of Zimbardo's Stanford Prison Guard Experiment
There were 24 college boys chosen out of 70 applicants (healthy, average, middle class)
To make the experiment more realistic
Stripped and sprayed convicts
Humiliate and make sure not bringing in germs
Issued a uniform
Dress/smock with no underclothes
ID number on front & back to make prisoner feel anonymous
Chain bolted to right ankle
remind them where they were even when sleeping
Zimbardo, Philip G. "Stanford Prison Experiment." The : A Simulation Study of the Psychology of Imprisonment. Stanford Prison Experiment, 1999. Web. 21 Nov. 2013. <http://www.prisonexp.org/>.
McLeod, S. A. (2008). Zimbardo - Stanford Prison Experiment - Simply Psychology. Retrieved from http://www.simplypsychology.org/zimbardo.html
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Given no training
Make up their own rules to command respect of prisoners
Did what they needed to demand authority and respect
Counts in middle of night
Push-ups as punishment
When prisoners rebelled the guards punished them
leaders of rebellion solitary confinement
Privilege cell for prisoners least involved in rebellion
kept prisoners from trusting each other
Everything controlled by guards
buckets in corner of cell
Less than 36 hours in the prisoner began suffering from acute emotional disturbance
Given offer to receive no more guard harassment if he became an informant
After being told he could not leave he began to act crazy
Convinced prisoner was really suffering and had to release him
Made prison environment seem more pleasant
When visitors came they had a high spirit towards the "fun experience" and they had to bring behavior under control
half hour wait
two visitors per prisoner
ten minutes visiting time
With parents being upset over tired look with sons they asked a father if he thought his son could handle it
""Of course he can -- he's a real tough kid, a leader."
Just a Rumor
With rumor of escape going around there was concern for security of prison
The prison was denied permission to move prisoners to an old jail
Took apart prison, transport prisoners to unknown location, wait for the break in
Old roommate asked "What's the independent variable in this study"
Made him realize thinking more like superintendent rather than research psychologist
After 6 days the prison simulation was called off
3 types of guards
Gave the name "John Wayne" to most brutal guard
Things spiraled out of control and conditions became to horrible to leave prisoners inside jail
August 20, 1971 the study was terminated
Nazi prison "Tom Mix"