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Irish Music: From Traditional to Modern
Transcript of Irish Music: From Traditional to Modern
Irish music? Music as Social Gathering
objective: playing music for the musicians themselves
- the experience is one meant to be shared - Factors that shape this tradition:
• community selection Definition made by the
International Folk Music Council in 1954 Two Broad Categories:
- dance music
- song tradition - developed through oral transmission Absorption of other influences, making listeners feel at home
Retaining what you listen to - knowledge of the music and learning
Change - Adapt what you hear to your own personal performing style Because Irish music can be performed anywhere, it is different from our notion of a "concert program" The Musician and the Music difficult to say if a trad musician has "repertoire" and "performances"
- variation leads to new developments in his performance
- communication between musician and the audience
• program changes depending on who is there, where they are and who is listening Session: "... a gathering of Irish traditional musicians for the purpose of celebrating their common interest in the music by playing it together in a relaxed, informal setting.." - Barry Foy, "Field Guide to the Irish Music Session" The Music - Usually a monophonic, single line melody
• heavy focus on the melody
• no limit to the amount of melody players
• melody instruments include: fiddles, flutes, whistles, banjos, elbow pipes
- Rhythm instruments provide variation to the melody
• never doubled
• instruments include: guitar, bouzouki, bodhrán
- Recent developments
• Harmony lines added
• Popular manifestations rely on arrangements and accompaniment
• Used by professional ensembles to reach wider, less specialized and less informed audiences Absorption, Retention, Change Can you spot the differences? - Merchant's Arch, Dublin Ireland
• Violin and Guitar Traditional Session
•Irish Flute, Fiddle, Tin Whistle Irish Cultural Revival Rise of nationalism and cultural revival in the 19th century led to awareness in language, sport, music and dance President de Valera - political career 1917-1973
- Head of the Irish cultural revival in 1950s Planxty • Irish Folk Band
• formed in 1970s
• Ex. Raggle Taggle Gypsy (performed by Planxty and John Reilly) Influenced by:
- Eastern European Music
- Traditional Dance Tunes
- Singing of John Reilly
- PW Joyce Collection Riverdance "during the twentieth century, Irish dance moved from an expression of ethnic pride to an innovative dance form" - music composed by Bill Whelan and members from "Planxty"
- rock rhythm section with electric bass and drums with a 4 piece horn section
- first performed at the Eurovision Song Contest in 1994 - Kathleen M. Flanagan Modernizing Irish Dance Discussion Question Is it necessary to adapt traditional styles of music or dance to fit the current society? Who does it benefit if you do adapt modern society to tradition? Bibliography Flanagan, Kathleen M. "Steps in Time: The History of Irish Dance in Chicago". Madison, WI: Macater, 2009. Print.
Foy, Barry, and Rob Adams. "Field Guide to the Irish Music Session". Boulder, CO: Roberts Rinehart, 1999. Print.
Moloney, Mick, J'aime Morrison, and Colin Quigley. "Close to the Floor: Irish Dance from the Boreen to Broadway". Madison, WI: Macater, 2009. Print.
Stokes, Martin, and Philip Vilas. Bohlman. "Celtic Modern: Music at the Global Fringe". Lanham, MD: Scarecrow, 2003. Print.
Lectures: Studies In Irish Music, University College Dublin, Dr. Jimmy Moran-O'Brien The Irish in USA Dropkick Murphys
- Celtic punk band
- Quincy, Massachusetts
- "I'm Shipping Up To Boston" Flogging Molly
- Celtic Punk Band
- LA, California
- "Drunken Lullabies"