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The Legacy of Egypt
Transcript of The Legacy of Egypt
Culture and Monuments
Pyramids and Mathematics
Art and Architecture
Inventions and Discoveries
By Paarth Sharma
The culture and monuments of ancient Egypt have left a lasting legacy on the world. The goddess Isis, for example, is well known in the Roman Empire. The Romans also imported building materials from Egypt. Early historians such as Herodotus, Strabo, and Diodorus Siculus studied and wrote about the Egyptian land, which the Romans found a mystery.
Egyptian culture was forgotten after the rise of Christianity and Islam, but interest in Egypt continued in the writings of medieval scholars. In the 17th and 18th centuries, European travelers and tourists brought back antiquities and wrote stories of their journeys and this renewed collectors to Egypt, who took, purchased or were given many important antiquities.
The European colonial use of Egypt destroyed a lot of the country's legacy. Some foreigners such as Napoleon arranged the first studiesw of Egyptology.
In the 20th century, the Egyptian Government and archaeologists alike recognized the
In the 1900s, the Egyptian Government and archaeologists acknowledged the importance of cultural respect and integrity. The Supreme Council of Antiquities now views excavations as a way of finding information rather than treasure. The Council supervises museum and monument reconstruction so the historical legacy of Egypt is preserved.
"They hold the key to understanding the structure of Egyptian society."
Egypt's magnificent stone buildings have inspired a lot of artists, writers, poets and architects from the Roman period to the present day. The pyramid form still pays an important role in modern architecture, and can be seen rising above cemeteries and innumerable shopping centres, and at the entrance to the Louvre Museum, Paris.
The original pyramids serve to the mathematical skill of the Egyptians, a skill that stimulated Greek mathematicians, including Pythagoras, to perfect their work. The Great Pyramid, built by Khufu in 2550 BC, stands an impressive 46m high, higher than the St Paul's Cathedral, with a slope of 51 degrees. Its sides have an average length of 230m.
The pyramids hold the key to understanding the structure of Egyptian society. The pyramids were built by a workforce of up to 5000 builders, supplemented by as many as 20,000 temporary builders. These workers would work for three or four months on the pyramid site to build the pyramid.
This operation had to allow the workforce to be summoned, housed and fed, and people also had to coordinate the supplies of stone, rope, fuel and wood that were needed to support the pyramid. A pre-mechanical society can achieve great things, if they have the right ingredients. Many archaeologists believe that, while the Egyptians built the pyramids, the pyramids also built Egypt.
Egypt also effected the development of sculptures. The Egyptians made life-sized and monumental sculptures. Ancient Egyptian artists used a grid to determine the proportions of the human body. Ancient Greeks traveling in Egypt adopted this form of sculpture and modified it to appear more natural. The Greeks also used the Egyptian grid. The Greek adaptation of Egyptian statuary and proportion has influenced classical and modern art. The Egyptians design of doorways and use of obelisks can still be seen today. Egyptian obelisks have been transported around the world as gifts between nations and have been adapted for modern usage such as decorations for a house.
The ancient Egyptian culture had a strong impact on other ancient civilizations. Egyptian priests had invented items that measured time, including the sun dial, water clock and calendar. The Roman politician Julius Caesar used the ancient Egyptian calendar as a model for the Roman calendar. The ancient Egyptians also developed the basic unit of measuring length, the cubit. They made observations about astrology and astronomy and had a developed understanding of medicine and the human body.
The Egyptians invented eyeliners. Both men and women wore make-up and fine jewelery in ancient Egypt. By lining their eyes in thick black and green paints, they were able to reduce the damaging effects of the sun reflecting off their skin. The Egyptians used kohl as eyeliner and kohl is still widely available as eyeliner.
One of the greatest legacies of Ancient Egypt was the invention of papyrus, reed paper. Papyrus was highly sought after as paper for writing. It was the first paper and was used for important documents both by the Egyptians and other ancient civilizations. Papyrus was used for thousands of years.
Title: Chronicle of the Pharaohs: The Reign-by-Reign Record of the Rulers and Dynasties of Ancient Egypt-The Chronicles Series
Author: Peter A. Clayton
Edition: illustrated, reprint
Publisher: Thames & Hudson, Limited, 2006
ISBN: 0500286280, 9780500286289
Length: 224 pages
Title: Cultural Atlas of Ancient Egypt
Cultural atlas series
Authors: John Baines, Jaromír Málek, Graham Speake
Edition: 2, illustrated, revised
Publisher: Checkmark Books, 2000
ISBN: 0816040362, 9780816040360
Length: 240 pages
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