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Mount Rainier National Park
Transcript of Mount Rainier National Park
by Anika Gopez
Mount Rainier is the most ice covered peak in the adjoining 48 states.
Mount Rainier is 14,410 feet above sea level and is an active volcano.
On March 2, 1899, President William McKinley made the lands a national park.
Senator George F Edmund wrote about the national park, "I would be willing to go 500 miles again to see that scene. This continent is yet in ignorance of the existence of what will be one of what will be one of the grandest show places."
The park's area is 365 miles squared.
3.5% of Mt. Rainier National Park 's land has been put on a list for archeological remains.
A hundred year old rock shelter is discovered in 1965, making it common knowledge that Native Americans visited the mountains
In the 1990's, many people conducted archaeological studies of the national park.
Six Native American tribes (the Nisqually, the Squaxin Island, the Puyallup, the Muckleshoot, and the Cowlitz) still visit Mount Rainier National Park to uphold tradition.
The natives call the mountain Tacoma (or Tahoma).
There used to be ten tribes who would use the park on a seasonal basis.
In 1972, George Vancouver climbed the mountain and named it after Admiral Peter Rainier.
Settlers began coming in the mid 1800's.
The transcontinental railroad brought the park popularity in the 1800's.
In 1893, President Harrison had the Pacific Forest Reserve, which included the lands around Mt. Rainier, established.
In 1899, the park was founded in 1899.
In the first year of being a national park, 2000 people visited.
In 1915, the Wonderland Trail was created. It's 93 miles and circles Mt. Rainier.
The park has 65 mammal species, 182 bird species, 14 amphibian species, and 14 reptile species.
The biomass of the park is about 85% invertebrates.
One of the animals that live at this park is the American Pika, which can't survive temperatures above 75 degrees.
Another animal there is the
which has been extinct in Washington until they reintroduced it here.
There are 3 sections in the national park:
The forest zone, which contains trees such as the western hemlock, Alaska yellow cedar, and Pacific Silver fir.
The sub alpine zone, which has sitka valerian, black alpine sedge, and low herbaceous communities.
The alpine zone, which has heather communities and fell fields.
Thus, you can see that Mount Rainier National Park has a rich history and a diverse ecosystem.
Thanks for listening!