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Social Policy Youth And Addictions

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Alexis Ormonde

on 14 March 2013

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Transcript of Social Policy Youth And Addictions

Overview Case Study: CAMH Agencies and Services Agencies and Services Service Users
- Canada’s youth and drug polices stem from a neoliberalist attitude of prevention through criminalization (National Anti-Drug Strategy)
- Focused on “just say no” campaigns
- “Health Canada, through the Drug Strategy Community Initiatives Fund (DSCIF), contributes to reducing illicit drug use among youth ages 10 to 24 by funding health promotion and prevention projects aimed at youth in this age group” (Health Canada website, 2013)
- Concerned with decreasing demand and supply of illicit drugs – conservative/ conventional approach Traditionally Marginalized Service users Youth Addictions Services Hala,Tegan,Ambreen,Ali,Nargis and Alexis - Drug Strategy Community Initiatives Fund (DSCIF) – majority of funding
- Preferences of proposals...
- Does not fund early intervention treatment (assessment and referral for treatment, interventions, case management, screening) Case Study: Young Ones Mission: Agencies and Services Agencies and Services Exclusions/Critiques This leads to justification by the government claiming that the agency must not need more money if they have so many people willing to volunteer their time
Which leads to less services for those in need
Less opportunity for advocacy, social action, and change
Greater time spent on fundraising
Competition among agencies (Baines, 2010)
More reliance on private funders (Bains 2010, Goarge elat, 2007) CAMH Youth Substance Use Programs: Exclusions/Critiques Discussion Questions SWP402 Social Policy and Inclusion Winter 2013 1. Youth Outreach Service

2. Youth Addictions and Concurrent Disorders

3. Concurrent Youth Inpatient Unit (youth: 14- 18 years)

4. Substance Abuse Program for African Canadian and Caribbean youth (Youth: 14 to 24 years old) Black youth:

-CAMH has a program called Substance Abuse Program for African Canadian and Caribbean Youth

Lgbt youth:

- 24% of LGBT youth reported methamphetamine use (Leslie 2008)

-Once stigmatized, now LGBT youth find themselves with the support of the professional health community

Street youth:

- 67% of street youth reported methamphetamine use (Leslie 2008)

Aboriginal youth:

-The Aboriginal Services Program (for those who are aged 16 or older) offers culturally appropriate services such as traditional Aboriginal healing interventions and other addiction services from a holistic perspective

-Aboriginal youth and adults who live on reserves have health services provided by the federal government

-"Most highly identified misused volatile substances were reported to be gasoline, aerosols, propane, and spray paint" (Dell 2011) Who Are Youth Substance Users? Mental Illness:
-50% of youth who seek substance abuse treatment have been found to have a mental illness (Leslie 2008)

-A major review in 2002 found that 45% of adolescents with mood disorders were abusing drugs followed by 32% of those with anxiety disorders (Salvo 2012)

The 2008 Canadian Youth Smoking Survey of students grades 7 - 12 (2011 Letherdale) found:
-27% reported being current binge drinkers
-18.8% reported current marijuana users
-8.2% reported current illicit drug use
-1%-2% reported non-medical prescription drug use

Male vs Female Male binge drinkers - 29.5%Female binge drinkers - 24.3 %Male marijuana users - 22.2%Female marijuana users - 15.3%Both Male & female had a illicit drug use rate of 8.2%

Age:
-Grade 7 current alcohol use was 3.4%
-Grade 12 current alcohol use was 50.8%
-Grade 7 current marijuana use was 3.3%
-Grade 12 current marijuana use was 29.1% Work from a harm reduction model
Outpatient and day treatment /Residential treatment
Withdrawal management / Recovery home
Other Services: Youth and Family Program
Most of the services are Free ( Requires OHIP)
Inclusion: Tailored to the youth living in downtown core
Exclude: Youth population living in GTA neighborhood e.g. Scarborough . Non-Status and youth from new emerging ethnic communities Youth Addiction services provided by CAMH Federal :
Health Canada
Ministry of Economic Development and Innovation
Public Health Agency of Canada
Citizenship and Immigration Canada  

Provincial:
Ministry of Children and Youth Services
Ministry of Health and Long-Term Care

Municipal:
Toronto Public Health

NGO
St. Stephens Community House
Heart and Stroke Foundation of Canada
OVER 47 MAJOR FUNDERS ( CAMH) Harm Reduction Approach to Youth Addiction
Treatment
Support (Y.O)
Education
Minimum Fees Based
Services cater to marginalized groups ( however need to prove [means tested] for financial assistance for the service use) Services- Young Ones -No Government funding
-Services run by consumer survivors
-Heavily Volunteer based
Funding Raising / Individual Donations
-‘Alliances’ Young Ones Mission: Our Vision: Transforming Lives
Our Purpose: At CAMH, we Care, Discover, Learn and Build – to Transform Lives
Our Values: Courage, Respect, Excellence Young Ones is a nonprofit organization dedicated to assisting youth who struggle with mental illness, concurrent disorders and addictions. Our aim is to help youth achieve better mental health and to provide support for their families by breaking the barriers to enhanced care and quality of life. Vision: At Young Ones, we dream of a future in which there are no social and economic barriers that impede on the life and recovery of youth with mental illness, addictions, and concurrent disorders. We envision further awareness and solutions to the social barriers by providing anti-stigma education. We envision further awareness and solutions to the economic barriers by raising funds to ease the financial burden that youth with mental illness, addictions, and concurrent disorders often struggle with. We hope to see a world where living with a mental illness is not a mark of shame, but rather another signifier of individual difference and unique experience. Exclusion of age> no one definition of age CAMH (14-24) Y O (13-24)
Mental health and Addiction are always seen as same thing> very different and unique from one another
"we care because we've been there" (YO)
"Our policies, values, and programs are all influenced by personal experience with mental illness and mental health" (Y O) Based on Neoliberalism - YO's have more volunteers (15) than paid workers (12) Sustainably well Funded
Mainstream
Advanced
Has youth specific programs
Expanded reach
Education over experiences? Reliant on donation and volunteer support
Progressive
Grassroots
Specific Youth focus
Shortened reach
Innovative use of former substance users " We care because we've been there "
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