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Civil Rights Protests and the Vietnam War
Transcript of Civil Rights Protests and the Vietnam War
-W.E.B. Du Bois (WWI) "...for once let the black man get up in his person the brass letters, U.S; let him get an eagle upon his button... bullets in his pocket, and there is no more power on earth... which can deny that he has earned the right to citizenship in the United States."
-Frederick Douglas Martin Luther King -opposed the war because it diverted federal funds and attention from domestic programs that helped poor African-Americans -they were sending blacks across the country to fight a war for democracy when blacks didn't even have full democratic rights at home The Protesters -the main protesters of the 1960's were students -occationaly tried to be as disruptive as possible to get the most attention for their cause: caused riots, destroyed public property, set fire to the flag -usually participated in non-violent protests -it was immoral, many innocent Vietnamese were being massacred and bombed -the U.S. supported France after WWII in trying to recolonize Vietnam -U.S. gave France $2.6 bllion in military aid -France lost the war -Nixon announced the invasion of Cambodia and the need for 150,000 more soldiers -Students at Kent State University protested for a couple of days; they burnt an Army ROTC to the ground, smashed windows, destroyed private property -The national guard was called in -On May 4th 1970, 2000 students gathered for another anti-war rally The Shooting -a town curfew was put in place -security guards tried to get the students to deassemble -tear gas was fired into the crowd -The National Guard fired 61 shots in 13 into the crowd -he encourage non-violent protests -US supported South Vietnam because they were afraid it would fall to communism (Domino Theory) How it all started -war began between the communist North and the South -US troops were deployed in 1962 to assist South Vietnam -Northern and Southern Vietnam were divided Martin Luther King -he was the leader of the Civil Rights Movement -opposed the Vietnam War -protested for equal rights and to end the war in Vietnam -didn't approve of how the U.S. government was handling the war; he greatly disliked how so much fire power was being used, their land was being destroyed and many innocent Vietnamese were dying M.L.K. gave a speech called "A Time to Break Silence" which protested the Vietnam War. In his speech, King encouraged using non-violent protest methods such as sit-ins in order to bring about an end to the war. King's speech inspired many others to protest the war -he was a world famous boxer "Hey, hey LBJ, how many kids have you killed today?" "Draft beer, not boys" "One, two, three, four, we don't want you f*** war!" "Hell no! We won't go!" "Eighteen today, dead tomorow" "Make love, not war" Popular Anti-War Slogans November 1969: 250,000 march in Washington to peacefully protest the Vietnam War -It was the largest Vietnam War protest -it remained peaceful until mid-day when some scuffles broke out between protesters and the police The Draft -it was used in the Vietnam War from 1969-1972 -many draftees burned their draft cards in protest of the war and refused to fight -some draftees fled to Canada -Northern Vietnam became communist Gallagher, Brendon. "The Vietnam War and the Civil Rights Movement." The Vietnam War and the Civil Rights Movement. N.p., 18 Jan. 2013. Web. 25 Apr. 2013. "American Civil Rights Movement." Encyclopedia Britannica Online. Encyclopedia Britannica, n.d. Web. 25 Apr. 2013. "History Study Center - Home Page." History Study Center - Home Page. N.p., n.d. Web. 25 Apr. 2013. Sorey, Kellie Crawford., Gregory, Dennis.. "Protests in the Sixties." College Student Affairs Journal. 01 Jan. 2010: 184. eLibrary. Web. 01 May. 2013. Willbanks, James H. “The Real History of the Vietnam War.” Armchair General. Nov. 2007: 54-67. SIRS Issues Researcher. Web. 28 Apr 2013. "Vietnam War Protests." History.com. A&E Television Networks, n.d. Web. 01 May 2013. "Beyond Vietnam: A Time to Break Silence." Rev. Martin Luther King,. N.p., n.d. Web. 29 Apr. 2013. "Conscientious Objectors." Barker Year 10 Vietnam /. N.p., n.d. Web. 30 Apr. 2013. Works Cited "Mlk Photo by Elise_Harris | Photobucket." Photobucket. N.p., n.d. Web. 29 Apr. 2013. -Hundreds of protests and demonstrations took place across the country during the war -by 1967 the majority of Americans disapproved the war -1968- Martin Luther King was assassinated; riots followed protesting his death and the unfair treatment of Blacks in the war -returning Veterans threw away their medals in protest to the war Many musicians wrote songs in protest of the war such as: Edwin Star- "War" - "War! What is it good for? Absolutely nothing!" Barry McGuire- "Eve of Destruction" - "You're old enough to kill but not for voting..." Phil Ochs- "I Ain't Marching Anymore" - "It's always the old to lead us to the war/ It's always the young who fall... Tell me is it worth it all" Creedence Clearwater Revival- "Fortunate Son" Peter Seeger- "Bring 'Em Home" Country Joe and the Fish- "I-Feel-Like-I'm-Fixin'-To-Die Rag"