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Civil Rights Protests and the Vietnam War

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Hailey Scott

on 10 May 2013

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Transcript of Civil Rights Protests and the Vietnam War

The Civil Rights and Protest Movements of the 1960's By Hailey Scott Quick Overview -The Vietnam war started in 1962 and ended in 1975 Works Cited 246,000 men were recruited between October 1966 and June 1969 The Recruited 41% were black blacks represented 11% of the Us population Casualties 58,000 lost their lives in Vietnam 22% were black (12,760) Muhammad Ali "I ain't got no quarrel with the Vietcong... They want me to go to Vietnam to shoot some black folk that never lynched me. Never called me n******, never assassinated my leaders" -he was fined and sentenced to prison for his refusal to enlist as a serviceman because he did not agree with the war Kent State Shooting -4 student were killed, 9 injured The opposition people opposed the war because... -they didn't agree with why we were there -opposed the draft racism in the war civil rights other protests -it was a war to prevent the spread of communism -it was the most opposed war in us history Black soldiers were discriminated against and were frequently forced to fight in the most dangerous situations on the front lines Racism in the War -the confederate flag was often daubed on tanks, helicopters, and jeeps as a symbol of racial oppression -inter-racial fights often broke out between US soldiers. In one case, a fight between black and white soldiers on the aircraft carrier Kitty Hawk left 33 injured "You should see for yourself how the black man is being treated over here and the way we are dying. When it comes to rank, we are left out. When it comes to special privileges, we are left out. When it comes to patrols, operations and so forth, we are first." - a black private Racial conflicts -African-Americans were not treated fairly at home or in Vietnam -it cost $25 billion per year -high death rate -his sacrifice inspired anti-war protesters -he was stripped of his world title Many African-Americans willingly enlisted to prove that they deserved equal rights since they were risking their lives for their country "Let us, while the war lasts, forget our special grievances and close ranks shoulder to shoulder with our white fellow citizens.. fighting for democracy. We make no ordinary sacrifice, but we make it gladly and willingly"
-W.E.B. Du Bois (WWI) "...for once let the black man get up in his person the brass letters, U.S; let him get an eagle upon his button... bullets in his pocket, and there is no more power on earth... which can deny that he has earned the right to citizenship in the United States."
-Frederick Douglas Martin Luther King -opposed the war because it diverted federal funds and attention from domestic programs that helped poor African-Americans -they were sending blacks across the country to fight a war for democracy when blacks didn't even have full democratic rights at home The Protesters -the main protesters of the 1960's were students -occationaly tried to be as disruptive as possible to get the most attention for their cause: caused riots, destroyed public property, set fire to the flag -usually participated in non-violent protests -it was immoral, many innocent Vietnamese were being massacred and bombed -the U.S. supported France after WWII in trying to recolonize Vietnam -U.S. gave France $2.6 bllion in military aid -France lost the war -Nixon announced the invasion of Cambodia and the need for 150,000 more soldiers -Students at Kent State University protested for a couple of days; they burnt an Army ROTC to the ground, smashed windows, destroyed private property -The national guard was called in -On May 4th 1970, 2000 students gathered for another anti-war rally The Shooting -a town curfew was put in place -security guards tried to get the students to deassemble -tear gas was fired into the crowd -The National Guard fired 61 shots in 13 into the crowd -he encourage non-violent protests -US supported South Vietnam because they were afraid it would fall to communism (Domino Theory) How it all started -war began between the communist North and the South -US troops were deployed in 1962 to assist South Vietnam -Northern and Southern Vietnam were divided Martin Luther King -he was the leader of the Civil Rights Movement -opposed the Vietnam War -protested for equal rights and to end the war in Vietnam -didn't approve of how the U.S. government was handling the war; he greatly disliked how so much fire power was being used, their land was being destroyed and many innocent Vietnamese were dying M.L.K. gave a speech called "A Time to Break Silence" which protested the Vietnam War. In his speech, King encouraged using non-violent protest methods such as sit-ins in order to bring about an end to the war. King's speech inspired many others to protest the war -he was a world famous boxer "Hey, hey LBJ, how many kids have you killed today?" "Draft beer, not boys" "One, two, three, four, we don't want you f*** war!" "Hell no! We won't go!" "Eighteen today, dead tomorow" "Make love, not war" Popular Anti-War Slogans November 1969: 250,000 march in Washington to peacefully protest the Vietnam War -It was the largest Vietnam War protest -it remained peaceful until mid-day when some scuffles broke out between protesters and the police The Draft -it was used in the Vietnam War from 1969-1972 -many draftees burned their draft cards in protest of the war and refused to fight -some draftees fled to Canada -Northern Vietnam became communist Gallagher, Brendon. "The Vietnam War and the Civil Rights Movement." The Vietnam War and the Civil Rights Movement. N.p., 18 Jan. 2013. Web. 25 Apr. 2013. "American Civil Rights Movement." Encyclopedia Britannica Online. Encyclopedia Britannica, n.d. Web. 25 Apr. 2013. "History Study Center - Home Page." History Study Center - Home Page. N.p., n.d. Web. 25 Apr. 2013. Sorey, Kellie Crawford., Gregory, Dennis.. "Protests in the Sixties." College Student Affairs Journal. 01 Jan. 2010: 184. eLibrary. Web. 01 May. 2013. Willbanks, James H. “The Real History of the Vietnam War.” Armchair General. Nov. 2007: 54-67. SIRS Issues Researcher. Web. 28 Apr 2013. "Vietnam War Protests." History.com. A&E Television Networks, n.d. Web. 01 May 2013. "Beyond Vietnam: A Time to Break Silence." Rev. Martin Luther King,. N.p., n.d. Web. 29 Apr. 2013. "Conscientious Objectors." Barker Year 10 Vietnam /. N.p., n.d. Web. 30 Apr. 2013. Works Cited "Mlk Photo by Elise_Harris | Photobucket." Photobucket. N.p., n.d. Web. 29 Apr. 2013. -Hundreds of protests and demonstrations took place across the country during the war -by 1967 the majority of Americans disapproved the war -1968- Martin Luther King was assassinated; riots followed protesting his death and the unfair treatment of Blacks in the war -returning Veterans threw away their medals in protest to the war Many musicians wrote songs in protest of the war such as: Edwin Star- "War" - "War! What is it good for? Absolutely nothing!" Barry McGuire- "Eve of Destruction" - "You're old enough to kill but not for voting..." Phil Ochs- "I Ain't Marching Anymore" - "It's always the old to lead us to the war/ It's always the young who fall... Tell me is it worth it all" Creedence Clearwater Revival- "Fortunate Son" Peter Seeger- "Bring 'Em Home" Country Joe and the Fish- "I-Feel-Like-I'm-Fixin'-To-Die Rag"
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