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Chapter 3 Worlds Roots of American Education
Transcript of Chapter 3 Worlds Roots of American Education
American Education Focus Education in Ancient Chinese Civilization Education in Ancient Indian Civilization Words to remember Education in Preliterat Societies Cultural transmission- the invention of reading and writing, when our ancestors transmitted their cultural orally from one generation to the next
Trail and error- error learning- developed survival skills that over time became cultural patterns Enculturation children learn the group's language and skills and assimilate its moral and religious values.
Moral Codes- learn prescriptions as well as its proscriptions or taboos
Oral traditions- songs and stories helped the young learn the group's spoken language and develop more abstract thinking about time and space
Storytelling- through stories, children meet their culture and its heroes, legends, and past.
Literacy- symbols in signs, pictographs, and letters and creating a written language constituted to literacy and then to schooling ADRIENNE C NAPPIER A great empire whose civilization reached high pinnacles of political, social, and educational development. Many educational traditions especially Confuciansim that originated in imperial China still have influence today. (Confucius - chinese philosopher and government official who devised and ethical system still in use in CHina today and in other parts of the world.)
The Chinese Culture helped us as teacher question certain aspects.
how can you provide students with an appreciation for the cultural and scientific achievements of the past as well as an openness to social and technological change?
What is the relationship between cultural continuity and change and how does education promote one or the other?
Need for harmony
Rituals and manners
Respect for teachers Evolution of Indian Education How the knowledge, education, schooling, teaching, and learning defined in the major historical period.
What concepts of the educated person were dominant during each period of history discussed in this chapter?
How did racial, gender, and socioeconomic factors affect educational opportunities in the past?
When and how has schooling been used for cultural transmission or change?
What curricula and what teaching methods were used in the various historical periods?
How did the ideas of learning educators contribute to modern education? Importance of Examinations China's Contribution to world and western education Examination- recall memorized information
process is like, society operate hierarchically and selectively . students had to pass a series of test, if they fail they were dismissed from the process
Compared to the United States, "No Child Left Behind," (2001) measure the academic achievement in reading and mathematics
A student takes standardized test, A teacher administer them. Cultural Equilibrium- the invaders were absorbed into India's culture while at the same time the indigenous people borrowed some of the invader's ideas
Brief history - The Aryans introduced their religion, Hinduism, and their highly stratified social order, the caste system.
Hinduism- reincarnation, divine power
Caste System- untouchables who performed the menial work. Veda- Brahminic schools, for the priestly caste, stressed religion, secret book
School and teachings- search for the truth
Mughuls- muslim; Arabic philosophy, science, literature, astronomy, mathematics, medicine, art, music, and architecture.
English entry- language being valued; the official language for government and commerce and established English- language schools to train indians for positions in the British controlled civil service.
As a teacher you will probably be challenged by your students' diversity. How will you use multiculturalism as a means of promoting cultural diversity in your classroom? Renaissance Classical Humanism An unchanging cosmos
Education in Ancient Egypt A concept of divine emperorship gave social, cultural, political, and educational stability
Knowledge and values were seen as reflecting on orderly, unchanging, and eternal cosmos
The educational system reinforced this status and power by making the priestly elite guardians of the state culture. Religious and Secular Concerns Temple and court schools
students learn to write Egypt's Historical Controversies
The past as a source of power Education in Ancient Greek and Roman Civilization What is true, the good, and the beautiful
How does education shape good people
How should education respond to social, economic, and political change.
Students learned the alphabet from a vase! Homeric education
enculturation and formal education
The roles of slaves
farming and commercial skills
Education of women
few attended The Sophists wandering teachers
Grammer, logic, and rhetoric
Knowledge as an instrument
Enduring truth or relativism Socrates, Plato, & Aristotle Pay close attention The Religious Reformation and Education Freedom from papal authority
Extension of popular literacy
Increasing school attendancce The Enlightenment's Influence on Education Reason and the scientific method
Belief in progress Enculturation
dual-track system of schools