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Mosquito Coil

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Mica Ignacio

on 29 July 2014

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Transcript of Mosquito Coil

RESEARCH
PLAN

Mosquito Coil
SPECIFIC
OBJECTIVES
This research aimed to produce mosquito coil repellent out of Marigold leaves, Calamondin leaves and Papaya leaves.

Specifically, it sought to answer the following:
STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEM
This study aims to produce an effective and purely natural mosquito coil using Marigold leaves, Calamondin leaves and Papaya leaves and to determine if the components present on them are suitable as mosquito coil repellent.
GENERAL
OBJECTIVES
METHODOLOGY
Calamondin leaves
MATERIALS
EQUIPMENT AND THEIR USES
METHODS AND PROCEDURE
A Biotechnology Proposal
To recognize the combination of Marigold Leaves, Calamondin Leaves and Papaya Leaves as suitable components for the mosquito coil.
To know if the product is a sufficient alternative mosquito coil available in the market.
To show the significant difference of the experimental product from the commercial product in terms of effectiveness.
To produce a cheaper mosquito coil from natural ingredients like the experimental mosquito coil.
The researchers aim to
Can Marigold, Calamondin and Papaya leaves, when combined together, be suiyable components for mosquito coil?
Is the product a sufficient alternative for mosquito coils available in the market?
Is there a significant difference between the experiment product and commercial product in terms of:
Odor
Texture
Color
Smoke
Is the cost of the experimental product more affordable compared to the commercialized mosquito coil sold in the market?
BACKGROUND AND ITS SETTING
The emerging of mosquitoes in our environment causes the existence of different deadly illnesses that threatened man for many years.
The outbreak of these diseases urged many to think of producing
an
effective repellent

for different kinds of mosquitoes.
Dengue
fever
Yellow
fever
Rift Valley
fever
West Nile
virus
Eastern Equine Encephalitis
causes brain hemorrhaging
and more
These illnesses include:
Mosquitoes usually prefer to stay in a wet and moist area, especially where water is stored open. They usually thrive in old tires, buckets, vases, or in anything where water is stagnant and still for a long time.
They truly love the damp, wet, humid, and standing water where water can thrive to produce and breed thousands of their species.
Mosquitoes are said to be attracted to body heat - which makes them blood sucking insects.
They are usually attracted to dark colors such as
red
,
blue
,
purple
, and
black
.
To add, we can't also hide the truth that mosquito bites can transfer a number of diseases to humans and animals alike.
The most common way of repelling or getting rid of mosquitoes involves a large quantity of poisonous chemicals.

Some of the mosquito coils available in the market produced chemicals that can cause destruction of the environment. The production of
mosquito coils
can contribute to the prevention of this destruction.
The researchers intend to use
Marigold
(
Tagetes Erecta
),
Papaya
(
Carica Papaya
), and
Calamondin
(
Citronutella microcarpa
)
leaves
as
suitable components of the mosquito coil to be produced.
It
does not contain harmful chemicals
which are present in some commercial products. It repels mosquitoes
without destroying the environment
.
It contains a particular smell that many insects find
unappetizing
. The smell is caused by a chemical known as
“a-terthienyl”
which lends a natural insecticidal property to marigolds.

Other toxic compounds available in all the ingredients are alkaloid, papain, terpenes and cyanogenic glycosides that are objectionable to mosquitoes. It also contains
pyrethrum
, a natural property of marigold effective as mosquito killer.
Marigold Leaves
Papaya Leaves
Charcoal
Starch
Water
UNITS
25 grams


35 grams
24 grams

10 grams
20 grams
100 milliliters
Platform Balance
Used to weigh the mass of the different leaves
Graduated Cylinder
Used to measure the amount of water needed
Blender
Used to grind and pound the different leaves
Mortar &
Pestle
Spatula
Thin sheet of
metal
Used to pulverize the diff. leaves
Used to mix the
ingredients
Used to mold the product
Stove
Casserole
Petri Dish
Used to heat the mixtures
Used as the container for the different mixtures
Used as the container when the mixtures are being heated
PREPARATION OF
MATERIALS
In preparations for the materials,
Marigold leaves, Calamondin leaves and Papaya leaves
will be collected.


25 grams

of Calamondin leaves
and
24g of Papaya leaves
will be gathered
near the school
. While
35 g of Marigold leaves
will be gathered at
one of the researchers’ residence
.
20 g of starch and 10 g of charcoal
will be bought in the
market
.

These will be used for testing the
four treatments
. The materials will be gathered and cleaned then will be put in a
container.


PREPARATION OF MOSQUITO PASTE
The researchers will
gather
the following materials needed: 35 g of Marigold leaves, 25g of Calamondin leaves and 24 g of Papaya leaves. The
leaves will be cut
into smaller pieces and will be
grind
altogether. The ground leaves will be
sundried
for about 2 days. The dried leaves will be
pounded and powdered
using mortar and pestle. 20 g of starch and 10 g of charcoal will be
mixed
together with 100 ml of water. The liquid will be
heated
and all the powdered leaves will be
poured
into the mixture. The entire mixture will be
made thick and will be cooled
afterwards.


MOLDING OF MOSQUITO PASTE INTO COIL
6 x 6 inches of thin sheet of metal will be
shaped like
the usual mosquito coils. The molder will be formed with
a length of 66 centimeters, width of 7 centimeters and height of 4 centimeters.
The thin sheet of metal will be
bent into a shape
similar to ordinary mosquito coil. After the mosquito paste has been
slowly poured into
the thin sheet of metal, the
paste will be sundried
for about 36 hours.
After drying
, the coil will be removed from the molder.

REVIEW OF RELATED LITERATURE
FOREIGN RELATED STUDIES
According to the study by UC Riverside scientists, many mosquito coil – not notably those manufactured in Asia – often contain up to one percent
BCME
(
bischloromethyl ether
, a chemical associated with the breakdown of S - 2). BCME has been described as the
“most potent lung cancer chemical ever discover”
. And lung cancer is just about the most deadly cancer known. In one Chinese factory were mosquito coil were manufactured, a large fraction of employees were
dead within five years of starting their jobs
. It is because of
lung cancer.
An expert has said that smoke emitted from one mosquito repellent coil is
equivalent to those of 100 cigarettes
, thus causing harm to a large number of people
in India
. The damage done to lungs by one mosquito coil is equivalent to the
damage done by 100 cigarettes
. This was according to a recent study conducted in Malaysia.


In the contrary, no study of cigarettes has ever found tobacco smoke to pose anywhere near such a high risk. Put it this way:
there is no comparison between cigarettes and mosquito coils
. Another study – one that only considered the amount of “small particulate matter” present in mosquito coil smoke (it did not investigate BCME question) – found
the coil to be about 100 times more hazardous to human health than tobacco smoke.
It is illegal to sell mosquito coil in the United States that contain BCME. Nevertheless, Chinese-made mosquito coil that contain BCME penetrated the US market in recent years.

Malaria bearing mosquitoes strike in the evening and at night.

Dengue – carrying mosquitoes can strike anytime.
Mosquito coils are a big business in Southeast Asia: companies with ties to corrupt governments are not about to let a real health a hazard stand in the way of real profits. Whether you are a local, tourists, traveler, or foreign resident of Southeast Asia, it’s better to think for yourself and not blindly follow this mass – media dictated local custom. For as a UC Riverside research team concluded: In many situations, it seems likely that the reality of mosquito – borne diseases (Mulla et al. 2001) may dominate determination of hypothetical risk: benefit ratios for mosquito insecticides delivered using such as coil. However, if BCME were an important environmental contaminant resulting from burning mosquito coil containing S-2, it would be impossible to maintain used given the well – establish carcinogenicity of BCME in humans.


That’s why the researcher urged to produce and finish an
alternative, effective and natural mosquito coil out of plant-based materials.
The outbreak of
lung cancer
made the researchers to pursue this investigatory project in able t
o help and provide people with affordable, easy to make and more preferable mosquito coil
that will
not be harmful to their health and to the environment.

LOCAL RELATED STUDIES
Ma. Dela Cruz (2009) stated on her project that
Lion Tiger Lavender Scented Mosquito Coils
Sleep with Aromatic Scent. With this new Lavender Scented mosquito coils, you are protected against mosquito bites.

Lion- Tiger Katol Regular Size
placed in the old traditional way is the
oldest mosquito coil in the Philippines
since 1952. It uses Metofluthrin, an active known for its fatal effect against mosquitoes.

Lion Katol
is another masterpiece formulated, carrying an effective actives called
Esbitrrin
. This is the
most potent against dengue carrying mosquitoes
.
Lion Katol Gold Premium
is a mosquito coil formulated with actives called
ETOC
. This is one of the best products in giving you outmost protection against deadly mosquitoes which is prevalent during rainy season. Lion King is a new product with the potent actives against dreaded mosquitoes. It uses
Esbiol
in instantly killing flying mosquitoes.


But the Philippines has an
extremely hot and cold climate
that might affect the consumer in using it. And according to the Department of Health, the
process of making Lion Katol has bad effects to the nature
. And it contains
Metofluthrin
which is an
axonic poison and cause paralysis of an organism
. Lion Katol can kill mosquitoes but
its smell and smoke can cause destructions to the environment.

The researchers wanted to know if the experimental product can be an
alternative mosquito coil repellent.


SIGNIFICANCE OF THE STUDY
This product is plant-based mosquito coil. Unlike other mosquito coils, it has no harmful effects to human health. It is environment-friendly since it is made of natural ingredients. It is helpful and beneficial:

for they could use and make this product easily given the materials available and can easily be found in their surroundings.
For the
community
For the
Business Sector
for they could produce this product and gain more profit from selling this product.

for they could improve this study by using materials that could be more effective, utilizing new ideas and improving the method used.

For students and young aspiring researchers
Mosquito Coil:
A Biotechnology Proposal
Submitted
by
Carino, Carina
Dy, Jamie
Ignacio, Michaela
King, Ane
Lee, Jenny
Lucenio, Marielle
Submitted to
Sir Lawrence Victor Vitug
LBYMATB
Presented on
July 30, 2014
De La Salle University
2401 Taft Avenue, Manila, Philippines
Thank you and God Bless!
Full transcript