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The Ancient Inca Religion

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Georgina Lane

on 19 August 2014

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Transcript of The Ancient Inca Religion

Principal Beliefs
Deities
The Ancient Inca's
Frozen Inca mummy

Influence in the
society

Rituals
Human Search for Meaning
Origins of the universe
There are many creation stories that were
developed by the Incas to try and
explain the origins of the
universe. The most common include:
God of the Water
The ancient Inca religion had
many core beliefs that provided
structure for every day lives. These beliefs
included the worship of ancestors and
huacas, belief in the afterlife and the
belief in deities.
Huaca -
person, place
or object with supernatural powers. The Incas
believed that supernatural powers
could reside in specific
places or objects. The
Incas believed natural
formations such as
rivers, springs and
mountains were
huacas.
1. After life - they cared a lot for the dead whom they had mummified and placed into tombs
2. Divinity- believed that members of the royal family were related descendants of the first emperor, Manco Capac and his sister- wife, Mama Occlo Huaca, who were children of Inti (The Sun God).
3. Sacrifice- to the gods for good fortune
4. Social structure - believed that the wealthy and the poor shouldn't interact with each other. Type of clothing was indicative to the social class one belonged in. For example
common clothing - poor class
bright colours, sandals and jewelry- upper class
5.Education- only available to wealthy boys, the girls would learn to cook and weave.
6. Dreams and Signs - could be sent through dreams which were symbols from the dead
The Incas strongest beliefs:
Some of the Inca deities
God of the Sun

The ancient Inca religion was strongly polytheistic. This meant they worshiped many Gods. The religion also showed qualities of being both immanent and transcendent ( believing in a divine power or powers beyond the human spirit.
The Incas worshiped Gods such as the God of nature, the God of weather and God of planets.
Although there were two main Gods of great importance to the ancient Inca religion, Viracocha the creator and Inti the sun God.
Inti, The sun God

Viracocha

The 'Capac Raymi/ Inti Raymi' was one of the most significant rituals that would take place in Inca Society. It was the festival of the sun God Inti, held every winter.Sacrifices of an animal would take place in order to appease the God Inti, so he would bring good crops for the following season.
The Incas relied heavily on agriculture for their society to function effectively so it was very important to them to hold rituals that would honor the gods who made their crops grow. During these rituals chanting would begin at dawn when the sun rises. It then grew to a crescendo at noon, and finished with silence by dusk. Offerings of llamas were given to the sun god. The Inca rulers dressed in clothing that was comprised of both silver and gold.
Combing of the hair ritual

This was a coming of age ritual for the Inca girls. During this ceremony a girl would come of age and choose her new name. Girls would be sent to Cuzco ( sacred place) where the ceremony would take place and they would become either brides or princesses of rulers. Many Incas would gather and there would be dancing.

Humans have always been curious
about the meaning and purpose of
life and how the earth and universe
came to be. The ancient Inca's
created their own human meaning and
purpose to life through beliefs and
worship of deities and Huacas. The ancient
Inca religion has many similar traits to
modern religions today such as, the worship
of Gods,the belief in the afterlife and
the importance of ancestral remembrance
and sacred places. The ancient Inca religion human search for meaning is strongly
expressed through their beliefs, their
rituals their huacas and their Gods.
After life

Inca society -
The Inca rulers had a great influence on their society which carried on all throughout the Incas reign. The Inca people worshiped their rulers as they believed that they were descendents of the gods.
In Inca society the women were
great hand weavers, while the
men were great at working with
metal.
Modern Society -

Today there are still Inca traditions that
are kept by some people. People living in
the remote villages in Peru, still speak
Quechua, which is the Inca language.
Llamas are also still used as a form
of transportation which is what the Incas
used them for.

The Inca architecture.
The city of 'Machu Picchu' built by the Incas is
also a really great tourist attraction
that has attracted and captivated many
people from all around the world .



The reign of the Inca's occured from 18000 BCE to around the 1530's. The Ancient Inca religion was located in a scared city called Cuzo in the south American mountains.
The Incas relied on a vast amounts of different plants and animals. Agriculture played a vital
role in making their society run effectively and efficiently.
Ancient Inca Food -
potatoes
Agriculture/ farming land
Transport - lamas
corn
Worship of Gods -
About Inca Civilization
Bibliography
Websites:

John Bruno Hare, 2010. Inca Religion (accessed 15 August, 2014) Available from: http://www.sacred-texts.com/nam/inca/index.htm

Christopher Minster, 2010. Inti - The Inca Sun God (Accessed 12 August, 2014) Available from: http://latinamericanhistory.about.com/od/ancientlatinamerica/p/Inti-The-Inca-Sun-God.htm

E. Elick et al, 2000. The Gods And Goddesses Of The Incas (Accessed 11 August, 2014) Available from: http://www.scns.com/earthen/other/seanachaidh/godinca.html


Unknown, 2008. Peru-Facts.co.uk (Accessed 11th August, 2014) Available from: http://peru-facts.co.uk/index.htm


Peter Arvai, unknown, Prezi. (Accessed 9th August, 2014) Available from:
http://www.prezi.com

unknown, google images. (accessed 9th - 16th August 2014) Available from: https://www.google.com/imghp
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