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Major Diseases of the Middle Ages
Transcript of Major Diseases of the Middle Ages
Smallpox claimed 400,000 thousand a year in the eighteenth century.
A variolation-an early version of a vaccine-was introduced in 1717 by lady Mary Wortly Montagu. Malaria During the middle ages, people would use "remedies" as drinking viper's broth, eat crab eyes, spiders congealed in butter, and wear live spiders as a necklace. The first Malaria relief was found in the early 1600's in the west. In the year 1632, the relief was brought to Europe and Asia.
The relief was bark off of a tree which was later named Countess Chinchon. Tuberculosis In the 18th and 19th century, Tuberculosis was very common throughout Europe.
Cause of TB was originally believed to be by witches, fairies, bad food diets, and/or bad air quality.
People believed the cure for TB was to recieve "good" or fresh air until germ theory was accepted, then people understood it to be contagious.
Today there are many treatments and drugs for TB, but still no cure. Cholera In the middle ages, Cholera killed about a million people a year and was a major killer but today, only kills about 5,000 a year.
Cholera is most easily obtained through drinking water infected by feces which wasn't known till the mid-1800's until germ theory was accepted.
Even though there is no cure, cholera can be easily avoided by keeping hygiene and there is a vaccine, but it only works fifty percent of the time. Sources http://www.infoplease.com/cig/dangerous-diseases-epidemics/smallpox-12000-years-terror.html
http://www.sarahwoodbury.com/medieval-diseases/ Typhoid Typhoid fever was very well spread through in the late 14th century, though there has been misreported history on typhoid fever, so this may or not be true.
There many antibiotics that help treat typhoid, as well as kill the bacteria which causes it. Diphtheria In the year 1316, about 10 percent in Europe died of Diphtheria
Diphtheria is highly contagious and is life threatening and there is no cure but there are treatments. The Plague The plague mostly referred to the Black Death killed one third of Europe's population in the middle ages.
The plague was carried in by rats which were attracted to all of the dirty slums and sewages in Europe.
There is a cure now which is an antibiotic which is prescribed if you carry the plague. 800-1400 A.D