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5 Themes of Geography - Australia
Transcript of 5 Themes of Geography - Australia
Interactions -Movement -Regions Location Relative Absolute The relative location of Australia is ... *SW of the Pacific ocean * Partly surrounded by the Indian ocean on the left side The absolute location of Australia is ... *Longitude32.3456° S *Latitude 141.4346° E Fun Facts Australia is home to more kangaroos than people!! *describes a place based on its environment and its connection to other places. *A relative location describes a place based on its environment. * An absolute location is based on a places connection to other places. Definition of Place *NW of New Zealand
*S of Indonesia
*E of Madagascar Place is an area defined by everything in it. All places have features that give them personality and distinguish them from other places. There are two Characteristics of place Human Physical (Where is it?) The physical characteristics of a place make up its natural environment.They include land forms, bodies of water, climate, soils, natural vegetation, and animal life. The human characteristics of a place come from human ideas and actions.They include bridges houses, and parks. Human characteristics of place also include land use, how big of a population, language, and religion. What is it like? Physical Characteristics Human Characteristics Man Made landmarks/buildings People * Population 22,620,600 * Languages Although there is no official language in Australia the most spoken language is Australian English (which is English with an australian accent). *Religion 61% of all australians are christians about 20% roman catholic and the other 19% believe in Buddhism, Islam, Hinduism, Judaism or are atheist. http://www.csustan.edu/teachered/facultystaff/betts/handouts/pdfs/five%20themes%20of%20geography.pdf * Sidney Opera House The Sydney Opera House is a multi-venue performing arts center in Sydney, New South Wales, Australia. Human characteristics Man made landmarks\ buildings *Swan bells The Swan Bells are a set of 18 bells hanging in a specially built 82.5 meters high copper and glass tower, commonly known as The Bell Tower or the Swan Bell Tower, in Perth, Western Australia. it got its name from the Swan River, which the tower overlooks. Forming a sixteen-bell peal with two extra chromatic notes, the swan bells are one of the largest sets of change ringing bells in the world! Human Characteristics Man made landmarks/buildings *Sydney Harbor Bridge In the Concert Hall, Arnold Schwarzenegger won his final Mr Olympia body building title in 1980! Fun Fact The Sydney Harbor Bridge is a steel through arch bridge across Sydney Harbor that carries rail, vehicular, bicycle and pedestrian traffic between the Sydney central business district (CBD) and the North Shore. Many people will climb the bridge for fun The bridge is nicknamed the coat hanger because of its arched design Fun Facts Landscape/climate Plants/animals *Uluru/Ayers rock *Great Barrier Reef Bodies of Water Lakes Rivers Coastal Lakes and Lagoons Glacial lakes Salt lakes Volcanic Lakes Most lakes in Australia belong in one of five categories. (not including man made lakes) -Lake Alexandrina -Blue lake -Glenbrook Lagoon Freshwater Lakes -Dove Lake -Lake Dunn -Lake George -Club Lake - Lake Selina -Lake Albina -Lake Yamma Yamma -Lake Torrens -Lake Dundas -Valley Lake -Little Blue Lake -Lake Euramoo Fun Fact The deepest lake in Australia is St.Clair The largest lakes in Australia include Lake Eyre (9500km2) and Lake Torrens (5900km2) which are both in South Australia. Murray River – 2,375 kilometers (1,476 mi) (1)
Darling River – 1,472 kilometers (915 mi) (2)
Cooper Creek – 1,113 kilometers (692 mi) (51)
Flinders River – 1,004 kilometers (624 mi) (32) Climate *South eastern hemisphere Distance between Australia and Canada it takes Physical feature * Can be seen from space *Heart shaped reefs Plants and animals Fun
Fact Australia is both a country and a contenent Plants and animals Australia is home to many different species of both plants and animals. Mammals 386
Fishes 5,000 Flowering plants (angiosperms) 18,706
Conifers (gymnosperms) 120
Liverworts 871 Meehni (922m), Wimlah (918m) and Gunnedoo (906m) are the Three Sisters towering over Jamison Valley, in New South Wales, Australia. The most popular rock formation in the Blue Mountains was created by sandstone erosion. Water found its way through little cracks, slowly making them bigger and eventually creating huge indents thus creating the 3 sisters. Wave Rock, one of the most famous landmarks in Western Australia, is located near Hyden, a small town 350 km east of Perth. The rock Resembles a giant wave just about to break, Wave Rock is 15 meters high and 110 meters long. It formed 60 million years ago, through chemical weathering of the granite, below Earths surface. Purnululu National Park hosts one of the worlds most breathtaking landmarks, Bungle Bungles. This unique landform was formed over 350 million years ago from sediments shaped by winds from the Tanami Desert. Mountains and rocks Bungle Bungles Wave rock 3 Sisters Size Movement people ideas goods 1-The way people move from place to place How Australia imports goods from other places and exports goods to other places 2-why people would move out of Australia or move to Australia 3- How you would get to Australia from Canada The way people move from place to place in Australia Why people would move to or from Australia They may move to Australia because ... - Heat - the scenery - war free - available jobs - School - family They may leave Australia Because ... -Money - work - environment (beaches) - second highest standard of living -diversity How would you get to Australia from Canada Australia imports and exports goods the same way -Plane
-Boat Australia's main imports and exports Exports
coal, gold meat, wool, alumina, iron ore and wheat Imports
computers and office machines, machinery and transport equipment and telecommunications lasers Australia's big importers and exporters Regions *Languages
*How its similar to its neighbors Languages 76.8% English Mandarin 1.6% Italian 1.4% Arabic 1.3% Cantonese 1.2% Greek 1.2% Sign language Auslan which is the main language for over 6,500 deaf people States and
territory Similarities between Australia and Indonesia similarities between neighboring countries New
Zealand Indonesia Similarities between New zealand and Australia Both have a very similar flag. NZL AUSI Both countries are very diverse Many sheep celebrate ANZAC day English is mostly spoken colonized by britin many different ethnics Surfing Some of the same export parters
-India Fun Fact Australians Celebrate Christmas in the summer Human-Environment interaction Definition Human-environment interaction looks at the relationships between people and their environment; how people adapt to the environment and how they change it. How People Have Used And Changed The land Use Change Where people Live Why people Settled there Great Barrier Reef off the northeast coast, the largest coral reef in the world, is threatened by increased shipping and its popularity as a tourist site; limited natural fresh water resources soil erosion from overgrazing, industrial development, and poor farming practices People mostly live in coastal regions mainly in the southeast. Very few people live in the interior because its very dry and for the most part all desert. The north is Very hot too and more tropical. (named after princess Victoria) (located near cradle mountain) (one of the longest lakes)