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The Dawn of Theatre

Based on Drama Projects Book Unit 7 Part 1

Teresa Elmore

on 30 August 2018

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Transcript of The Dawn of Theatre

The Dawn Of Theatre
Early Drama was mostly
ritual, dance, and worship

Egyptian Theatre
•First civilization we know of to have ritualistic rites similar to our idea of a play as early as 3000B.C
•Written for important events such as coronations of new pharaohs or important years in a pharaoh’s rule
•Magical healing
•Religious dramas performed by priest
Greek Theatre
Golden Age of Greece ( 500-400 B.C.E)
Festival Dionysus
•Dithyrambs- songs of praise to the god Dionysus
•Drama Greek word meaning “to do “ or “to act”
•Theatron “seeing place”
•Festival lasted 5 to 6 days with the last 3 days reserved for play contest
•Each playwright shows four plays
A trilogy of tragedies
And a satyr play ( like satire)
•Drama was rhetorical
Aeschylus (525-456 B.C)
•Father of Tragedy
•Tragic Poet
•First prize 13 times
•He is credited for inventing the trilogy
•Adding the second actor
•And reducing chorus from 50 to 12
Sophocles (496-406) B.C
•Changed number of chorus to 15
•Electra, Oedipus Rex, and Antigone
Euripides (480-406 B.C)
•The Bad boy/ crazy uncle of Greek playwrights
•He looked at psychological motivation
Took his plays into the home
•Plight of woman
Aristophanes (circa 448- 406 B.C)
•Comic playwright •The Birds, The Frogs, The Clouds
Menander ( Circa 342-291 B.C.E)
•Home life
•Slap stick
Roman Theatre
•Were not into intellectual art , more into vulgarity and torture
•Claque – person paid to clap
Etruscan influences – emphasized circus-like elements
•Actors were called histriones
* Encompassed more than drama : acrobatics, gladiators, jugglers, athletics, chariots races, naumachia (sea battles), boxing, venationes (animal fights)
• The Playwrights --------->
Seneca (circa 4 B.C.E- 65 A.D)
•High drama, full glory
•Closet dramas- better read than performed
Plautus (254-184 B.C)
•Comic writer
•Important because his plays served as a form to follow for future writers
Fall of Roman Theatre
Fall of the Roman Empire
6th Century A.D. – Christianity rising - outlaw other religions
Church opposition to Theatre:
Outlawed association with pagan gods)
not this
Naumachia- "naval combat"
the amphitheatres were filled with water and slaves were forced into staged naval combats -to the death
Full transcript