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Library Instruction for Basic Expository Writing and English Composition

Instructional session on basic research methods, search strategies & concepts, information evaluation & citation methods

Jeffrey Wheeler

on 2 February 2013

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Transcript of Library Instruction for Basic Expository Writing and English Composition

Library Instruction for Basic
Expository English Writing RESEARCH PROCESS

Identifying a Topic
Preliminary Research & Focusing
Identifying Concepts, Terms & Disciplines
Developing a Search Strategy
Boolean, Proximity & Truncation Operators
Field Searching
Subject Terms
Limiting Your Search
Finding Your Materials
Evaluating Information Sources
Citing Your Sources & Writing the Bibliography What interests you?

What do you care about? Identifying a Topic Scope: Related Disciplines & Subjects: How broad is your topic?

Can you write your topic as a single statement or question? What kinds of experts would know about your topic?
What disciplines or fields of knowledge would be the most interested in this topic? Subject Encyclopedias / Dictionaries
Library of Congress Subject Headings (LCSH) Preliminary Research What is the issue?

Who is affected by the issue?

How are they affected by it?

What factors affect this issue? Focusing Your Topic What might contribute to the problem or minimize it? In what ways does it change their lives, their surroundings, or their circumstances? Related Concepts

Disciplines / Ways to Approach the Issue

Synonyms Concept Mapping Library Catalog

Library of Congress Subject Headings http://id.loc.gov/authorities/subjects.html Developing Your Search Strategy Boolean Operators Electronic Database Searching Electronic Databases

Web Sources AND: Find only books & articles with both/all terms or phrases

OR: Find books & articles containing either of the terms of phrases

NOT: Only find books & articles that don't contain certain words or phrases Proximity Operators Electronic Database Searching Combining Operators W#: Find only books & articles containing your second term within a certain number of words from your first, IN THAT ORDER

N#: Find only books & articles with the two terms within a certain number of words of each other IN ANY ORDER Combine multiple operators in a single search string:

("Fracking" OR "Shale") AND ("Pollution" OR "Water Quality") Truncation Electronic Database Searching Field Searching Electronic Database Searching Search All-Text, Title, Author, People, Abstract Subject Terms Limiting Your Search Type of Work
Type of Publication
Scholarly (Peer-Reviewed) Publications Only
Full-Text Access Only Who published the work?

Who is the author? What are his / her credentials?

Does the author cite other peer-reviewed research?

When was the article published? Evaluating Information Sources How do they qualify him/her to write about the subject? How important for your topic is it for information to be current? Who is the intended audience?

What is the purpose of the work?

Does the author acknowledge his/her biases? Evaluating Information Sources To inform or to persuade? Chicago, MLA, or APA style citations Citing Your Sources Bibliography or Works Cited page & In-Text Citations Consult Library Website's Citing Sources page Finding Materials Full-Text Access Consult Library Catalog to check book & journal holdings Inter-Library Loan Utilize & cite your sources

Examine relationships between your topic and affected groups, causes & effects

Develop your arguments Write the Essay! Community College of Philadelphia Library Faculty. Library Web Site . 2012. Library Web Site. 5 October 2012 <http://library.ccp.edu>

State University of New York University at Albany. User Education: Instruction and Tutorials . 2011. University Libraries: University at Albany. 3 October 2012 <http://library.albany.edu/usered/tut/resources/r5.html>

Information Literacy Committee of the Wisconsin Association of Academic Libraries. Information Literacy Activities . 2011. University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee Libraries. 3 October 2012 <http://www4.uwm.edu/libraries/ris/instruction/ip/> Works Consulted QUESTIONS? Thinking About Your Topic http://id.loc.gov/authorities/subjects.html Broader Terms / Narrower Terms Wildcards Use the “*” character before the suffix to your term to find terms that begin similarly (“pollut*” for “pollute,” “pollution,” “polluter(s),” etc.) Use the “?” character in the middle of a word to find one-letter variations for your term (“wom?n” will find “woman,” and “women”) Are there other disciplines that might address it from another perspective? Scholarly? Popular? ? _____________________________ _________________ _______________ ________________________ Images taken from Microsoft Office Word 2010 Clip Art.
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