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Healing in Harmony
Transcript of Healing in Harmony
In a study of patients receiving PT/OT after TBI or stroke, addition of music therapy to standard rehab resulted in improved interaction with family and higher level of motivation/involvement in therapy. (Nayak et al 2000)
In an RCT studying working-age people (18-50) with depression, music therapy + standard care (psychotherapy +/- medication) was more effective than standard care alone at improving depression and anxiety symptoms as well as general functioning. (Erkkilä et al 2011)
Movement & Exercise
A 2007 study suggested that music therapy may improve gastric motility and may be used to stimulate gastric emptying, based on its result that when participants listened to provided music and found it enjoyable, they had higher amplitudes of gastric myoelectrical activity than their baseline. (Lin et al 2007)
Life Meaning & Purpose
Using musical presentation, in which "people in a group setting present themselves through musical pieces of their choice," as a variable, a 2010 study of groups of students and drug abusers showed that sense of purpose in life was enhanced for experimental sub-groups compared to control sub-groups. (Bensimon & Gilboa 2010)
Healing in Harmony
Music as an Integrative Medicine Intervention
There is a considerable body of research dealing with the effects of music during exercise; in non-athletes, it has been found to promote positive affect and reduced rate of perceived exertion, both of which can increase adherence to an exercise program. (Karageorghis et al 2012)
Research looking at the affect of music on food/drink consumption suggests that the presence of music can influence amount of consumption, increased tempo and/or loudness of music may correlate with increased rates of consumption, and that auditory stimuli may affect the perception of food/drink items. (Spence & Shankar 2010)
Indications that music therapy can be effective for tinnitus, restoration of motor function, chronic pain, and reduction of stress. (Bernatzky et al 2011)
1. Nayak S, Wheeler BL, Shiflett SC, Agostinelli S. Effect of music therapy on mood and social interaction among individuals with acute traumatic brain injury and stroke. Rehabilitation Psychology. 2000;45(3):274.
2. Erkkilä J, Punkanen M, Fachner J, Ala-Ruona E, Pöntiö I, Tervaniemi M, Vanhala M, Gold C. Individual music therapy for depression: randomised controlled trial. The British journal of psychiatry. 2011;199(2):132-9.
3. Karageorghis CI, Terry PC, Lane AM, Bishop DT, Priest DL. The BASES Expert Statement on use of music in exercise. Journal of sports sciences. 2012;30(9):953-6.
4. Lin HH, Chang WK, Chu HC, Huang TY, Chao YC, Hsieh TY. Effects of music on gastric myoelectrical activity in healthy humans. International Journal of Clinical Practice. 2007; 61:1126–30.
5. Bensimon M, Gilboa A. The music of my life: The impact of the Musical Presentation on the sense of purpose in life and on self-consciousness. The arts in Psychotherapy. 2010;37(3):172-8.
6. Reker GT, Wong PP. Aging as an individual process: Toward a theory of personal meaning. In Emergent theories of aging. 1988. 214-46.
7. Spence C, Shankar MU. The influence of auditory cues on the perception of, and responses to, food and drink. Journal of Sensory Studies. 2010;25(3):406-30.
8. Bernatzky G, Presch M, Anderson M, Panksepp J. Emotional foundations of music as a non-pharmacological pain management tool in modern medicine. Neuroscience & Biobehavioral Reviews. 2011;35(9):1989-99.
Further Reading/Interesting Finds
• Chanda ML, Levitin DJ. The neurochemistry of music. Trends in cognitive sciences. 2013;17(4):179-93.
• Yamasaki A, Booker A, Kapur V, Tilt A, Niess H, Lillemoe KD, Warshaw AL, Conrad C. The impact of music on metabolism. Nutrition. 2012;28(11):1075-80.
Purpose in life: "cognizance of order, coherence, and purpose in one's existence, the pursuit and attainment of worthwhile goals, and an accompanying sense of fulfillment" (Recker & Wong 1988)