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Misplaced/Dangling Modifiers

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Wayde Cunningham

on 22 March 2011

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Transcript of Misplaced/Dangling Modifiers

Misplaced/Dangling Modfiers BY WAYDE CUNNINGHAM WHAT IS A MODIFIER? A modifier describes, clarifies, or gives more detail about a concept. A modifer can be a phrase or a clause. Example 1 Example 2 After winning the game yesterday, the
basketball team earned a playoff bid. They were shopping all day, looking for the best bargains and discounts. MISPLACED MODIFIERS We use modifiers in almost all of
our writing. It is very common to
place them in the wrong part of the
sentence. QUICK TIPS Place modifiers (phrases or clauses)
close to the word(s) they modify. Incorrect: The jacket was too small in the store. The placement of the modifier could imply that the jacket changes size depending on the location. Revision: The jacket in the store was too small. Modifiers shouldn't separate a
subject from its verb. Incorrect: Time Magazine, after receiving many letters, placed President Barack Obama on the cover of its' latest issue. The placement of the modifier
makes the sentence awkward. Revision: After receiving many letters, Time
Magazine placed President Barack Obama on
the cover of its' latest issue. EXCEPTION: Some authors will place a modifier between a subject and its verb to create suspense. Try to avoid this whenver possible. DANGLING MODIFIERS Dangling modifiers are sometimes no different than misplaced ones. However, dangling modifiers have other flaws. They suggest, but don't name a subject.
Sometimes, they refer to the wrong noun as a subject. Is the jacket the right fit
or too big outside of
the store? Flaws Examples of
Dangling Modifiers After a long night of studying, the
television was turned on. Having arrived late for practice, a written excuse was needed. The modifier suggests that
the television was studying. The modifier has no subject.
Who was late for practice? 2 WAYS TO FIX DANGLING MODIFIERS Within the main clause, name the person or thing doing the action.
Within the modifier, name the person or thing doing the action.
REVISIONS After a long night of studying, I turned on the television. Keyhone needed a written excuse after arriving late to practice. USEFUL TOOLS PURDUE OWL WEBSITE: owl.english.purdue.edu
HACKER REFERENCE BOOK: S100-S104 SOURCES Berry, Chris and Karl Stolley. "Dangling Modifiers." Purdue Online Writing Lab. 2010. Web. 11 Mar, 2011
Wells, Jacklyn M. "Modifiers." Purdue Online Writing Lab. 2009. Web. 11 Mar, 2011
Hacker, Diana. "A Writer's Reference: 6th Edition." New York: Bedford/St. Martins, 2009, Print. Any Questions? Flow from subject to verb to object
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