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HOW OBESITY AFFECT OUR HEALTH CARE SYSTEM

POWERPOINT
by

I Willi

on 18 November 2012

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Transcript of HOW OBESITY AFFECT OUR HEALTH CARE SYSTEM

photo credit Nasa / Goddard Space Flight Center / Reto Stöckli OBESITY OBESITY Is The leading Cause Obesity Diabestis Obesity = Heart Desiase Obesity = Cancer Obesity = Stroke Obesity = Hypertension Institute a campaign to inform consumers about preservatives. Begin placing warning labels on cans and warnings on menus at restaurants.
Encourage people everywhere, particularly in areas that are most affected by the obesity epidemic to start walking, running, exercise and bicycling more. Ways to reduce Obesity Implement high tax on restaurants that sells fast-food and tax foods with large amounts of saturated, trans-fat, calorie and cholesterol. Ways to reduce obesity When people are not educated as to the relationship between balanced eating and maintaining a healthy weight, they tend to give little thought to what the implications of eating unhealthy food might mean for their health. The result of not having a Education

Poor people living in urban areas are also at a disadvantage because they do not have close access to grocery stores and retailers that sell healthy food. 1. Ronald J. Sider, Rich Christians in an Age of Hunger (Nashville, Tennessee: W Publishing Group, 1997), 161-162.

2.John Isbister, Promises Not Kept: Poverty and the Betrayal of Third World Development (Bloomfield, CT: Kumarian Press, Inc., 2003), 167. Sources Obesity is a complex disease in which having too much body fat increases a person's risk for developing other health problems. Obesity generally is measured by body mass index (BMI), a calculation that shows weight in relation to height. The higher the BMI level the higher the chance of health complications and risk, an adult person that has a BMI index of 30 or higher is considered to be obese. Where fat gathers in a person is important to the type of health risks that are pertinent to their obesity. For example, If fat accumulates mostly around the abdomen (central obesity, sometimes called apple-shaped), a person is at greater risk for type 2 diabetes, high blood pressure, high cholesterol, and CAD.
Obesity is calculated by taking a persons weight and dividing it by the height squared. For example, say a person weighs 120 pounds and is 5 feet tall. It would be 120 divided by 5(2), and the result would have a BMI index of 23.4, they would not be considered obese. The Facts According to Jesuit theologian Thomas Rausch, rather than telling people to cut down on the amount of food they eat, the better approach is stating a scripture from St. Paul's - "the temple of the Holy Spirit image for the body. Paul had a good theology of the body, that said because the body is destined for the Resurrection, it should be treated with reverence and respect.”
Mr. Rausch also asserts, "when Paul says in Corinthians, 'I don't want to be enslaved by anything,' it is that certain moderation … should be exercised with food, drink and over eating appetite." Our Bodies as Temples
Along with stress comes a certain tendency to focus entirely on oneself and one’s own desire for success, whatever that may mean for each individual.

While it is important to care for oneself, such a narrow view can be seen as self-centeredness which surprisingly enough has self-destructive qualities – obesity is a serious health risk as has been explained. OBESITY & STRESS stop funding illnesses caused directly from over eating. If people had to pay the medical bills associated with their overeating, they might reconsider their excessive habits.
Eat locally vs. exporting and importing goods (commercially prepared vs. fresh foods)
Reducing the excessive amount of fast foods we eat in one day would tremendously reduce the cost of our health care Economics 9.8% of income in 1989 to around 13% in 2004 in the US.
$193.60 per week on groceries or $839.00 per month or $10,068 per year
Canada is spending 11.3% of there income on food where as the people in Cyprus were spending 30.1%, people in Honduras were spending 41.3%, people in Sri Lanka spent 49.9%, and the country that spent the most of their income on food were the people of the Philippines at 52.8% The Cost of Food THE ECONIMICAL COST
OF OBESITY
$$$$$$$$$$$$ Ranks 10th in the country in Obesity (24.9%)
The state spent an estimated $289 per person in 2003 on medical-costs related to obesity
Academic Content Standards in Phys. Ed.? There currently aren’t any… National standards currently do exist for Physical Education, however they are severely limited
These standards come from the National Association for Sport and Physical Education
The national standards for Health Education are a little more in-depth Physical Activity
An increase in physical activity is an important part of weight management
Exercise can reduce risks of cardiovascular disease and diabetes which can be caused by obesity
All adults should have at least 30 minutes of physical activity a day
Healthy Diet
Most weight loss occurs because of decreased caloric intake
Fat Free does not mean it is calorie free check to see calorie per serving Adopting Healthy Habits Knowing the amount and type of food you eat
Knowing your physical activity habits
If you live in a environment dominated by fast food restaurants that you consider as convenience you will need to set aside time to prepare home cooked meals
Avoiding these fast food restaurants will result in less calorie intake Give low-income people monetary subsidies other than food stamp and build more produce stores and supermarket in low-income areas, so they have the financial support they need to purchase healthier foods that are often more expensive. Ways to reduce obesty Institute educational programs to inform people about the risk of over-consumption of fast food. Begin an anti-fast food campaign that is similar to the anti-tobacco campaign. Ways to reduce Obesity (http://www.ohahperd.org/ ) “Senator John Cornyn (R-TX) introduced legislation to amend the No Child Left Behind education law to require content and performance standards for physical education beginning in school year 2006-2007 as part of a state plan for compliance under the law. By the 2008-2009 school year, states would also have to assess student progress in physical education.” 1. Wayne Kondro, “Poverty is the Main Predictor of Heart Disease, says Canadian Repot,” The Lancet 359, no. 9318 (May 2002): 1679.
2. Elizabeth Dowler, “Food and Poverty: Insights from the ‘North,’” Development Policy Review 21, nos. 5-6 (September 2003): 571.
3. “Poverty Linked to Obesity, Says New Research,” Diverse: Issues in Higher Education 22, no. 15 (September 2005): 16.
4. Pat MacDonald, “The Obesity Crisis…It’s not just about Diets,” Practice Nurse 29, no. 8 (April 2005): 19.
5. Amy Winterfield, “Overfed but Undernourished,” State Legislatures 31, no. 4 (April 2005): 34.
6. L. McArthur, M. Peña and D. Holbert, “Effects of Socioeconomic Status on the Obesity Knowledge of Adolescents from Six Latin American Cities,” International Journal of Obesity 25, no. 8 (August 2001): 1267.
7. Dowler, 571.
8. “Poverty Linked to Obesity,” 16. Works Cited Childhood obesity rates for the impoverished have increased over the last decade because children in low-income households have less access to safe venues (such as parks) where they can participate in physical activities and these youth also have more limited access to team sports because of the financial constraints of their parents. Another Historical Consideration:
Exercise, Access and Poverty The impoverished are more likely to become obese because their access to healthy food is limited and they are forced to purchase and consume unhealthy food. Thus, the poor are at a greater risk of developing heart disease because their poverty limits their access to heart healthy food.












Research has revealed a number of correlations between obesity and poverty. In a survey of more than 100 separate studies, researchers found that the socioeconomic situations in which people live “are the major factors determining whether they develop cardiovascular disease.” Types of health risks concerned with being obese are diabetes Type 2, Ischemic heart disease, stroke, hypertensive disease, osteoarthritis, and certain types of cancers. There are approximately 350 million obese people (BMI ≥30.0) and over 1 billion overweight people (BMI ≥25) in the world. Over all about 2.5 millions deaths are attributed to overweight/obesity worldwide. Obesity is not just present in America, it’s present all over the world.
To break that down a bit more, the percentage of obese men in Finland is 19, obese women is also 19. In France, men are 9.6 and women are 10.5. In Australia, the percentage of men is 18 and the women are also 18. In a study of 30 different countries the highest percentage of obesity was in Nauru, while the smallest percentage was in India. America came in at the seventh highest. In the United States though, the highest amount of people that are obese generally inhabit the lower portions of America, places like Louisiana, Mississippi, and West Virginia.
Obesity is a worldwide problem, it is prevalent in many countries, America may have a large problem when it comes to obesity, it is not the only country nor is it the most prevalent here. It is important for people to eat right and to remain active, that is the only way to combat obesity. The Facts (cont.) We need to always be aware of the decisions we make; Whether it’s who to vote for, the life path we chose or how much food we eat, and even though one might put whatever they want in their body in terms of high calorie intake it affect everyone financially because we are all connected threw the health care system. no man – or woman – is an island Purdue sociology professor Kenneth Ferraro, when he released a study on the relationship between weight and religious denominations, said that while the religious lifestyle had "long been considered a healthy one, with its constraints on sexual promiscuity, alcohol and tobacco use, overeating may be one sin that pastors and priests regularly overlook." Wait…is “gluttony” really a “sin”? Over-Consumption and the Sin of Gluttony
According to a study by David A. Levitsky, PhD, professor of nutritional sciences and psychology at Cornell University, of the students studied, the average weight gain during their freshman year at college was on average 20 times more than the average American adult. RESULT OF STUDY Stop publicly funding illnesses associated with obesity
More physical activity in the schools
Warning labels for food, like those found on cigarettes Solutions Americans $12.8 billion out of pocket
$28.1 billion through private insurance
$14.1 billion through Medicaid
$23.5 billion through Medicare
for a total cost of $78.5 billion for the year of 1998
Ohio accounts for just over $5 billion of that money The Cost of Obesity Set the Right Goals
Effective goals are 1)specific 2)attainable and 3)Do able. Example: Walk 30 minutes five days each week.
Balance your food
Make sure to eating a variety foods such as of fruits, vegetables, legumes, whole wheat, whole grain etc during each day
Keep track of the caloric intake
Knowing when your full
It takes 15 minutes for your body to know its full
Slowing the rate of eating allows fullness to set in
Eating a lot of fruits and vegetables can make you feel fuller Behaviors that will help
you prevent obesity. Keep a daily food diary and activity diary
This allows you to see how much food you intake and how much physical activity you endure throughout the day.
Shopping Guide
Knowing how to chose healthy from unhealthy foods before going to the store can save time and improve eating habits for millions Assessing Your Behavior and Environment examples Obesity has been linked to: Hypertension, Coronary Heart Disease, Adult Onset Diabetes, Stroke, Gall Bladder Disease, Osteoarthritis, Sleep Apnea, Respiratory Problems, Endometrial, Breast, Prostate and Colon Cancers, Dyslipidemia, steatohepatitis, insulin resistance, breathlessness, Asthma, Hyperuricaemia, reproductive hormone abnormalities, polycystic ovarian syndrome, impaired fertility and lower back pain The problem of obesity is a major dilemma that the United States must confront.

What is obesity and how does it relate to standards of health?
What are the economic costs and implications associated with obesity?
How does obesity affect the U.S. on the nation level, and also in the city of Philadelphia?
What are the broader implications of obesity, particularly on a country level?
What are solutions to the problem of obesity in relation to each of these four areas? THE ISSUE: A Collaborative Presentation OBESITY



Obesity and Poverty:
Is There a Link? Over-consumption is not only abusing our bodies, but it is cutting resources that could and should be spared. SPARING RESOURCE Percent of Population Classified as Obese A State-by-State Comparison of Rates of Obesity More Gym class time/recess time
More regular health check-ups to monitor students weight/health (state/school provided)
More “Fast Food ordinances” (city of Waterville, OH does not allow any Fast food restaurant to be built within city limits)
The Nintendo Wii: video games meets exercise (motion sensor video game system), although not a substitute for exercise SB44 – Physical Education Standards
Adopt Phys. Ed. Content standards
HB105 – Physical Education
Adopt Phys. Ed. Content standards
HB173 – Physical Fitness
Create Physical Fitness and Wellness Advisory Board
HB435 – Athletic Trainers
Require licensed Athletic Trainer on staff

Assessing Your Behavior and Environment
Adopting Healthy Habits such as eating healthy and exercise daily "a condition characterized by the excessive accumulation and storage of fat in the body” – Webster’s Dictionary
Obesity in Children: At or above the 95% percentile when it comes to BMI (Body Mass Index)
BMI is calculated by taking a person’s weight (kg.) and dividing by their height squared (m.), however the measurements must be metric.
In Adults: Overweight is defined as a BMI of 25-29, or being 30% above recommended weight for size



As I demonstrated in these images the evidence is real, there is a definite correlation between obesity and poverty which is implanted in multiple socioeconomic status. POVERTY & OBESITY College students are also often stressed, low on cash and pressed for time meaning several things… Possible explanations include drinking (alcohol contains lots of empty calories), more socializing that involves eating, high-fat foods in dorms and cafeterias and less physical activity. (Center for Weight and Eating Disorders at the University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine) Why the weight gain
and what does it mean? The Obesity Epidemic in Southeastern Pennsylvania The Result of eating healthy and exercise THE END




The generally lower level of education among impoverished people leads to higher rates of obesity.

Thus, the urban poor are often doomed to eat innutritious food which is less expensive than healthy food and is much more widely available for purchase. Unhealthy food choices The result of being poor We need to always be aware of the decisions we make; Whether it’s who to vote for, the life path we chose or how much food we eat, and even though one might put whatever they want in their body in terms of high calorie intake it affect everyone financially because we are all connected threw the health care system. no man – or woman – is an island Over-Consumption and the Sin of Gluttony Americans $12.8 billion out of pocket
$28.1 billion through private insurance
$14.1 billion through Medicaid
$23.5 billion through Medicare
for a total cost of $78.5 billion for the year of 1998
Ohio accounts for just over $5 billion of that money The Cost of Obesity THE ECONIMICAL COST
OF OBESITY
$$$$$$$$$$$$ The problem of obesity is a major dilemma that the United States must confront.

What is obesity and how does it relate to standards of health?
What are the economic costs and implications associated with obesity?
How does obesity affect the U.S. on the nation level, and also in the city of Philadelphia?
What are the broader implications of obesity, particularly on a country level?
What are solutions to the problem of obesity in relation to each of these four areas? THE ISSUE: Give low-income people monetary subsidies other than food stamp and build more produce stores and supermarket in low-income areas, so they have the financial support they need to purchase healthier foods that are often more expensive. Ways to reduce obesty Implement high tax on restaurants that sells fast-food and tax foods with large or amounts of saturated, trans-fat, calorie and cholesterol. Ways to reduce obesity Institute educational programs to inform people about the risk of over-consumption of fast food. Begin an anti-fast food campaign that is similar to the anti-tobacco campaign. Ways to reduce Obesity (http://www.ohahperd.org/ ) 1. Wayne Kondro, “Poverty is the Main Predictor of Heart Disease, says Canadian Repot,” The Lancet 359, no. 9318 (May 2002): 1679.
2. Elizabeth Dowler, “Food and Poverty: Insights from the ‘North,’” Development Policy Review 21, nos. 5-6 (September 2003): 571.
3. “Poverty Linked to Obesity, Says New Research,” Diverse: Issues in Higher Education 22, no. 15 (September 2005): 16.
4. Pat MacDonald, “The Obesity Crisis…It’s not just about Diets,” Practice Nurse 29, no. 8 (April 2005): 19.
5. Amy Winterfield, “Overfed but Undernourished,” State Legislatures 31, no. 4 (April 2005): 34.
6. L. McArthur, M. Peña and D. Holbert, “Effects of Socioeconomic Status on the Obesity Knowledge of Adolescents from Six Latin American Cities,” International Journal of Obesity 25, no. 8 (August 2001): 1267.
7. Dowler, 571.
8. “Poverty Linked to Obesity,” 16. Works Cited Childhood obesity rates for the impoverished have increased over the last decade because children in low-income households have less access to safe venues (such as parks) where they can participate in physical activities and these youth also have more limited access to team sports because of the financial constraints of their parents. Another Historical Consideration:
Exercise, Access and Poverty The impoverished are more likely to become obese because their access to healthy food is limited and they are forced to purchase and consume unhealthy food. Thus, the poor are at a greater risk of developing heart disease because their poverty limits their access to heart healthy food. 1. Ronald J. Sider, Rich Christians in an Age of Hunger (Nashville, Tennessee: W Publishing Group, 1997), 161-162.

2.John Isbister, Promises Not Kept: Poverty and the Betrayal of Third World Development (Bloomfield, CT: Kumarian Press, Inc., 2003), 167. Sources Stop publicly funding illnesses associated with obesity.
More physical activity in the schools.
Warning labels for food, like those found on cigarettes.
Reducing the excessive amount of fast foods we eat in one day would tremendously reduce the cost of our health care. Solutions Percent of Population Classified as Obese A State-by-State Comparison of Rates of Obesity SB44 – Physical Education Standards
Adopt Phys. Ed. Content standards
HB105 – Physical Education
Adopt Phys. Ed. Content standards
HB173 – Physical Fitness
Create Physical Fitness and Wellness Advisory Board
HB435 – Athletic Trainers
Require licensed Athletic Trainer on staff Ranks 10th in the country in Obesity (24.9%)
The state spent an estimated $289 per person in 2003 on medical-costs related to obesity
Academic Content Standards in Phys. Ed.? There currently aren’t any… National standards currently do exist for Physical Education, however they are severely limited
These standards come from the National Association for Sport and Physical Education
The national standards for Health Education are a little more in-depth Physical Activity
An increase in physical activity is an important part of weight management
Exercise can reduce risks of cardiovascular disease and diabetes which can be caused by obesity
All adults should have at least 30 minutes of physical activity a day
Healthy Diet
Most weight loss occurs because of decreased caloric intake
Fat Free does not mean it is calorie free check to see calorie per serving Adopting Healthy Habits Knowing the amount and type of food you eat
Knowing your physical activity habits
If you live in a environment dominated by fast food restaurants that you consider as convenience you will need to set aside time to prepare home cooked meals
Avoiding these fast food restaurants will result in less calorie intake Obesity has been linked to: Hypertension, Coronary Heart Disease, Adult Onset Diabetes, Stroke, Gall Bladder Disease, Osteoarthritis, Sleep Apnea, Respiratory Problems, Endometrial, Breast, Prostate and Colon Cancers, Dyslipidemia, steatohepatitis, insulin resistance, breathlessness, Asthma, Hyperuricaemia, reproductive hormone abnormalities, polycystic ovarian syndrome, impaired fertility and lower back pain



Obesity and Poverty:
Is There a Link? More Gym class time/recess time
More regular health check-ups to monitor students weight/health (state/school provided)
More “Fast Food ordinances” (city of Waterville, OH does not allow any Fast food restaurant to be built within city limits)
The Nintendo Wii: video games meets exercise (motion sensor video game system), although not a substitute for exercise

Assessing Your Behavior and Environment
Adopting Healthy Habits such as eating healthy and exercise daily "a condition characterized by the excessive accumulation and storage of fat in the body” – Webster’s Dictionary
Obesity in Children: At or above the 95% percentile when it comes to BMI (Body Mass Index)
BMI is calculated by taking a person’s weight (kg.) and dividing by their height squared (m.), however the measurements must be metric.
In Adults: Overweight is defined as a BMI of 25-29, or being 30% above recommended weight for size A Collaborative Presentation OBESITY The Obesity Epidemic in Southeastern Pennsylvania The Result of eating healthy and exercise THE END



As I demonstrated in these images the evidence is real, there is a definite correlation between obesity and poverty which is implanted in multiple socioeconomic status. POVERTY & OBESITY




The generally lower level of education among impoverished people leads to higher rates of obesity.

Thus, the urban poor are often doomed to eat innutritious food which is less expensive than healthy food and is much more widely available for purchase. Unhealthy food choices The result of being poor OF PHILADELPHIA “Senator John Cornyn (R-TX) introduced legislation to amend the No Child Left Behind education law to require content and performance standards for physical education beginning in school year 2006-2007 as part of a state plan for compliance under the law. In 2008-2009 school year, states also had to assess student progress in physical education.”
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