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Indus Valley Civilization

Social Studies 9 Requirement
by

Dana Praise Guerrero

on 4 August 2014

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Transcript of Indus Valley Civilization

Religion

•They believed that these deities had great power over their lives.

•The priests performed elaborate ceremonies in an effort to both please them as well as gain their favor.

•Over time the Aryan religion slowly evolved, becoming more complex and rich with tradition and ceremony.

•And it is now called Hinduism, which is one of the primary religions still practiced in the region.


Indra
- also known as Śakra in the Vedas, is the leader of the Devas or demi gods and the lord of Svargaloka or heaven in the Hindu religion
god of rain and thunderstorms


Other Deities
Job Specialization
- for many thousands of years, mankind has inhabited the Indus River Valley
- on the coast, people produced salt
- traded with Asians and Europeans (sold Indian products, cotton cloth, spices)
- farmers domesticated several plants including melons, wheat, peas, sesame seeds and cotton
-had jobs ranging from washing cloths, hunting and gathering

(these people were able to thrive, raise families, and practice their religious beliefs)
Cities
Hierarchical division of society
(concept of color= physical manifestation of division that took place)
Government
(had small republics in the beginning of the Vedic age)

-Monarchy: well-organized and they had powerful leaders like priests and kings
Thank you!
Indus Valley Civilization
Bronze Age 3300- 1300 BCE mature period 2600- 1900 BCE
The Aryans believed in many Gods.
Agni
- a Hindu deity, one of the most important of the Vedic gods
god of fire and the acceptor of sacrifices
Usha - daughter of sky
the Vedic Goddess of Dawn

The Class System
Members
4 Angel Aseneta
8 Arooj Choudhry
12 Margot De Guzman
16 Frances Enriquez
20 Dana Guerrero
24 Uno Lee
28 Hail Mendoza
32 Julliene Pamplona
36 Johannah Reglos
40 Jamie Tayo
Art
Ancient India's art was vast, historic and unique

- the earliest indian art: emerged from the Indus River Valley during the 2nd half of the third millenium B.C.

- the civilization produced many statuettes
(steatite and limestone)

Ex: steatite seals, storage jars, toys with wheels and figurines
Contributions
Harrapa
Mohenjo- daro
Writing
-was made in the Kot Diji and mature Harappan periods between the 26th and 20th centuries
- historians found Harappan writings on fired clay seals depicting human figures and animals
-the language is still a mystery for all of us (that is why the Indus Valley civilization is the LEAST KNOWN CIVILIZATION)

- Over 4,000 Indus symbols have been found on seals or ceramic pots
- symbols are used for economic transactions
Geography
LARGEST BRONZE AGE URBAN CIVILIZATION

- extending from what today is northeast Afghanistan to Pakistan and northwest India

- flourished in the basins of the Indus River, one of the major rivers of Asia, and the Ghaggar-Hakra River, which once coursed through northwest India and eastern Pakistan
"Harappan Civilization"
The civilization had many contributions that shaped our present day society
The Aryan world was ruled by the men. Women were subject to their husbands and were considered their property. However, both boys and girls were allowed to attend schools and receive an education.
Facts about India
British Colonialism
Impact of the 2004 tsunami
Architecture
Indian Architecture was believed to begin in the 3rd century B.C.

- houses, markets and even public baths were established in grid like systems
- temples, Chaityas, Viharas, Stupas and other religious structures
-earliest examples of Civic planning were Harappa and Mohenjo-Daro
Hindi
Sanskrit
Geography
-its huge indus river system waters a rich agricultural landscape

-its remnants have been discovered from as far south as Mumbai, India and as far north as the Himalayas ad Northern Afghanistan

- westernmost sites: Arabian Sea Coast (Baluchistan, Pakistan next to the Iranian border)
Full transcript