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Roman Architecture and Artwork

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Chantelle Villasenor

on 13 December 2011

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Transcript of Roman Architecture and Artwork

Artwork The Statue of Venus de Milo is composed of marble and is about 203 cm high; making it larger than life size.
The Pantheon was built by the Romans in honor of their mythological founder, Romulus. They built the Pantheon in the location because the ancient Romans believed that he ascended into heaven from that site. They dedicated this building to Romulus and some of his divine ancestors. For centuries they held rites and processions there.

The Pantheon The Coliseum
Venus de Milo was discovered on 1820 in Melos, Greece by a French navy ensign who bought it for his country. When they found her, she was in pieces which were recovered and re-assembled, her arms were also missing; a trait which many people today recognize. Despite her imperfections, she is one of the most famous Ancient Greek statues that depicts inner feminine beauty, and presents such intricate details. The sculptor of Venus de Milo is thought to be Alexandros of Antioch due to an inscription on the statue. Roman amphitheatres were either circular or oval. Roman Architecture by Angelica, Trisha, and Chantelle The Colosseum is the largest Roman amphitheatre that was ever built. It is able to seat 50,000 spectators. The Colosseum is elliptical in shape, and is 189 meters long and 156 meters wide. Its base covers 6 acres and its outer wall stands 48 meters high.
The Colosseum was originally called the Flavian Amphitheatre.
The name Colosseum was taken from the Latin word 'colosseus' meaning "colossal".
The amphitheatre was used for fights and mock battles. It was NOT used for plays. The amphitheatre (often confused with a
stadium) is an open-air venue used for
entertainment and performances.
The Colosseum was built in Rome, Italy, about 1920 years ago. Today, it is considered to be an architectural and engineering wonder as it remains to be a standing proof of the grandeur and the cruelty of the Roman world.
This is the Uthina Amphitheatre. Uthina was a Roman colony in Tunisia. The first Roman amphitheaters were built during the 1st century BC from wood and were designed by rotating and joining two theaters built back-to-back so that they formed an oval. More than 230 amphitheatres have been found in every corner of the Roman empire. Most scholars have claimed that Nero built a huge statue of himself as the sun god. He set it up in the vestibule of his famed Golden House which is also called Domus Aurea.

This was an enormous bronze statue that was 120ft. high and the person who designed this statue was named Zenodorus and began constructing between 64-68 A.D.

Colosseum structure This name refers to a gigantic statue of the Emperor Nero, that measured 100 to 120 Roman feet (37m) high. This statue had once occupied the location of the Roman Colosseum in Ancient Rome.
Romans went to amphitheatres to watch fights between gladiators and wild animals such as: bears or lions.
She is half naked with a laurel crown on her head. Her linen cloth is draped around her waist; flowing gracefully towards the lower parts of her body. Her statue is based on the Roman goddess, Venus who is also known as Aphrodite in Greek mythology. In this picture, Venus is featured staring into a mirror as she is the goddess of love and beauty. The Romans believed that Venus had the power to give and take a person's beauty. Design The Roman theatre was in the design of a semi-circle with stadium style seating. Some theatres were large enough to fit up to 15,000 people. Roman theatres were divided into the stage (which was called the orchestra) and the seating section (or the auditorium) The audience sat in the Cavea and were able to sit into specific sections depending on their social staus and how much money they had. the overall design was so that everyone in the audience could hear what was being said. Sound could be carried easily through the theatre. Types of Plays Drama
Odeons, which were small Roman Theatres, were used for reciting poetry, debates and lectures. Roman Artwork by Angelica, Trisha, and Chantelle There were two sets of actors: one that said all the lines and one that mimed out the gestures on stage. Much of the Roman's artwork were recovered in durng the excavation of Pompeii. This wall painting of Dionysus and other wall paintings were discovered in the homes of Pompeians. The Romans often put old Greek myths and stories on their walls as artwork and decoration. Hermes- the Greek god of thieves Apollo- the Greek god of prophecies and oracles. However most historians say that the Pantheon was built by the Emperor Marcus Vipsanius Agrippa in 27 B.C. a T- shaped rectilinear structure with masonry walls and a pitched timber roof. It burned in the great fire in 80 A.D. It was rebuilt by Emperor Domitian, but was struck by lightening and burned down again. Emperor Hadrian had it rebuilt again in AD 118, but he wanted it to be totally different, with different designs and a more circular structure. The way the Pantheon was preserved is that it was turned into a church to be safe from pillage. Masses are held there on special occassions. The most important problem the Romans faced was the massive weight of the Dome. They gradually had to decrease the thickness of the walls and increase the height in order to support it without proper reinforcement. This dome is 142 feet in diameter. Why is there a hole in the middle of the Dome you ask? Well it is used as a light source because you know, back then they didn't have electricity. Yes occasionally rain and snow would fall through but the floor is slanted and drains remove the water if it manages to hit the floor.
Also did you know that the distance from the floor to the top of the dome is exactly equal to its diameter?
These holes were responsible for clearing out any rainwater Emperor Nero passed away in 68 A.D. and shortly after, Emperor Vespasian made some changes to the statue. He added a ray sun crown and renamed is Colussus Solis after the Roman Sun God, Sol.
Around 128 A.D. Emperor Hadrian ordered that the statue be moved from the Domus Aurea to the Colossuem because he wanted to create space for the Temple of Venus and Roma. Emperor Commodus converted to a statue of himself as Hercules by replacing the head, but after he passed away, the original head was put back and the statue was restored.
But for many years sceintists and historians have never really figured out what has happened to that statue after it was moved to the Colosseum. Many say it was due to the amount of eartquakes that has happened, or the "barbarians" who invaded Rome in 410 destroyed it.
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