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Mohamed R Galal Raghda Essam

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mohamed galal

on 25 February 2017

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Transcript of Mohamed R Galal Raghda Essam

Company Logo
Mohamed R Galal Raghda Essam
Talking about the Revolution
Omar S. Dahi
Born in 1978, raised in Damascus
Pursued his studies in USA. Received a B.A, M.A and phD in Economics
Currently associate professor of economics at Hampshire College
Specializes in economic development and international trade (South-South economic relations and the political economy of MENA)

Lila Abu-Lughod
Born in 1952 Palestinian American
BA from Carleton College, phD from Harvard University
Currently professor of Anthropology and Women's and Gender Studies at Columbia University
Specializes in Anthropology: ethnography, gender rights, Islam.

Performances and Processes
Spread of Mobilization and Coalition formation
The Third Man
Revolutionary performance

His work
Analyzing the political economy of regime consolidation:
In his view, the uprisings occurred due to:
Social Contract
Structural Adjustments
Repression of opposition

Mounia Chraibi
Professor of political sociology at Universite de Lausanne
Olivier Fillieule
Professor of political sociology at University of Lausanne
Fillieule co-founded  two research groups which have played an important role in the production and dissemination of research on social movements in Europe.

Outlining the differences between the Egyptian rural and urban residents’ motives and impact of the 2011 revolution (with a particular focus on rural motives for their support of the revolution)
Rural Motivations: (Village X in Upper Egypt)
Marginalization of the residents of rural areas by previous political regimes:
Privatization and neoliberal economic reforms Security Apparatus / corruption of local government
Impact of the revolution on residents of rural areas

Main Argument
“Researchers should abandon the search for causes and instead focus their attention on situations and individual actions in said situations, and subsequently attempt to delineate the typical processes that lead to them”

Problem Statement
Criticism of the different approaches in social science to analyze revolutions (beyond Causal effects that led to the revolution)
“Rejecting all causality, Kurzman proposes an “anti-explanation” which abandons all attempts at retrospective prediction and instead focuses on the lived experiences contained within revolutionary situations. In other words, even if one cannot doubt that what really happens is by its very natured determined “

Proposed Analysis
Analyzing the future of Arab politics, through “revolutionary eyes”, by looking at the entrance of new forms of domination and resistance in the MENA region, and power politics hence looking turning to recognize the exciting imminence of global futures.

Sociologue franco-iranien, directeur d’études à l’École des hautes études en sciences sociales (EHESS). Ses recherches portent notamment sur la sociologie de l’Iran contemporain et sur les problèmes sociaux et anthropologiques de l’islam en France. Dernier ouvrage paru : La Radicalisation, éditions de la Maison des sciences de l’homme, coll. « Interventions », 2014.
The Arab Democratic movements
prove that social movements can precede or be concomitant to the building up of civil
societies rather than merely following them

This book is in part based on "his experience of Muslim societies, mainly.Arab and
The repressive regimes that assures t;heir survival but destroys
their legitimacy and makes them-more reliant on brute force than ever before. The awe
they inspired is gone. What remains is their ability to kill and maim and the disarray of
me population
Paul Amar:
Political scientist and anthropologist
Professor and Director of MA and PhD Programs in Global Studies at the  University of California Santa Barbara

Vijay Prashad
Indian historian, journalist, commentator and a Marxist intellectual.
The George and Martha Kellner Chair in South Asian History and Professor of International Studies at Trinity College

What the social movement theory does not explain is the behavior 'of those who do not
take part in the movement and how the larger society acts and reacts to it as well
A New Paradigm for Social Movements?
Fear of sectarian
and. religion strife The absence of the oppressive state
would give free rein to sectarian and communal chaos in society
Fear of the repressive apparatus of the regime itself
Fear of Imperialistic-Zionist-western attempt at Arab integrity and identity ( the use of Foreign threat.)
Demo Movements
leaderless social mobilization that has enabled the Arab Spring.
Cause and effect between movements and the state.
The independence marked by Nationalist governments moved mainly by Secular Authoritarian elites from the 1950's to the 1970's.After 1967 Arab defeat in the was against Israel, marked by the gradual retreat of Nationalist ideology and the emergence of Islamist movements to the beginning of the twenty-first century.
The·period opened. up by the new "democratic movements In me first decade of the twenty-first century.
Iranian movement's original aim was to reform
the Islamic regime rather than topple it. The people wanted democratic elections in
Iran. not the downfall of the regime
Green Movement
Had leadership emerging from within the Islamic regime itself. Hussein
Moussavi,· the candidate in the elections, was the former prime minister; Karrubi was
president of the Islamic parliament,t during Khatami's presidency
Green Movement
Main Difference between the Green Movement and the twin revolutions in
the Arab world was the former's slogans being based almost exclusivity on democracy,with very few references to social justice.
Green Movement
The Gafia Mineral Field
Ghazl el Mahala
The 18 October Movement for Rights and Freedoms
Kefaya Movement
6 April Movement
Honor Vs Dignity
Netizens and the Virtual Agora
Subjective civil society is also promoted by the so-called "netizens, '" 3.ctivists who
use the new [echnologies of communication]
Gender Issue
The Student Movement in Iran
The Office for the Strengthening of Unity (OSU)
The Muslim Brotherhood type (the so-called "fUndamentalists")
• The Salafi type (the "hyper-fundamentalis,,")
The jihadist type (the exuemists)
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