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The New Ambulance

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Brianna Basinger

on 23 February 2016

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Transcript of The New Ambulance

Self Driving Ambulances
"To improve is to change; To be perfect is to change ofter" -Winston Churchill
Cons of the current ambulance system:
Ambulances get into car accidents too... in 20 years 4,500 accidents have happened (34% caused injuries)
Sirens cause traffic to slow, and sometimes jam
Blocks in traffic cause valuable time to be delayed
In transit, one EMT drives and the other assists the patient
It is very easy to get distracted while driving... especially with a screaming patient in the back
An ambulance is essentially a truck with a metal box on top

Self Driving Cars
No longer a taboo thought, prototypes being tested now by Google
94% of accidents are caused by human error. Self driving cars will lower that number greatly, which includes ambulances
There will be a built in emergency response when a siren sounds to move the self driving car out of the way
This would reduce accidents and other events that cause traffic for ambulances
Ambulance would constantly find the quickest way to a hospital or patient
Would free up the hands of the other EMT, so they could help the patient more
Less time would be spent preparing the patient to transport since there are 2 EMTs that can help on transit
The patient could make as much noise and the computer would not be distracted like a human
Here is a video of what the flow of traffic would look like with self driving cars.
"https://player.vimeo.com/video/37751380"
With traffic moving this quickly and efficiently, the travel time to and from hospitals would be greatly reduced.
Today it takes roughly 9.4 minutes for an ambulance to arrive on scene and 36.5 minutes for an emergency physician to be able to treat a patient.
The use of self driving cars would create a healthier environment in the sense that it would prevent a lot of injuries.
Ambulances, if car crashes are reduced due to self driving cars, can instead focus on patients under dire medical conditions that need immediate attention.
Since many EMT patients are car crash victims, a lot more focus can be turned to those needing transport to a hospital for other medical needs.
Sources:
Google, Self Driving Cars
https://www.google.com/selfdrivingcar/

Business Insider, 10 million self-driving cars will be on the road by 2020, John Greenough, BI Intelligence, Jul. 29, 2015, 9:00 AM
http://www.businessinsider.com/report-10-million-self-driving-cars-will-be-on-the-road-by-2020-2015-5-6

Wired, Let the Robot Drive: The Autonomous Car of the Future Is Here, Tom Vanderbilt, 1/20/12
http://www.wired.com/2012/01/ff_autonomouscars/

Tech Times, The Driverless Car Debate: How Safe Are Autonomous Vehicles?, Lauren Keating, 7/28/15
http://www.techtimes.com/articles/67253/20150728/driverless-cars-safe.htm

Design Mind, The Future of Autonomous Emergency Response, Josh Newby, 11/02/15
https://designmind.frogdesign.com/2015/11/the-future-of-autonomous-emergency-response/

NHTSA, The National Highway Traffic
Safety Administration and Ground
Ambulance Crashes, April 2014
https://www.naemt.org/Files/HealthSafety/2014%20NHTSA%20Ground%20Amublance%20Crash%20Data.pdf

FISDAP, Driverless Technology and the Ambulance of the Future, Rachel Walwood, 7/23/15
http://www.fisdap.net/blog/driverless_technology_and_ambulence

CDC, CDC report shows motor vehicle crash injuries are frequent and costly, 10/7/14
http://www.cdc.gov/media/releases/2014/p1007-crash-injuries.html


The driverless concept ambulance could remove the driver seat completely
This allows for more practitioners and medical equipment on board
Current ambulance is cramped and only allows for one pair of hands to assist patients
It will also give more room for advance equipment.
Due to the amount of technology required for self driving cars, it may be expensive to initially purchase these self-driving ambulances.

Also, EMTs would need to undergo a new class to learn the logistics of the new ambulance which would also cost some money.

Yet, car insurance costs would lessen drastically due to the reduced number of accidents, and with less hospital visits due to car crashes less money is spent on car crash related injuries saving money for other medical emergencies.
Financial Costs of Self-Driving Ambulances
Full transcript