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THE Mangyan Project

'Indigenous Groups Project' presentation by two girls in Grade 6. Assigned Indigenous Group: Mangyan ** The photos in this presentation are not mine
by

Pat the Student

on 20 September 2012

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Transcript of THE Mangyan Project

THE Mangyan Project Made by Patricia and Kim The Mangyans settled in Mindoro in 600-700 years ago. Mindoro and its people were found in the 13th century. They are composed of 12 groups, each with its own language and culture. The groups are Iraya, Batangan, Tau-Buid, Buhid, Hanuno’o , Alangan, Ratagnon, and Tadyawan. “It was believed that they had come from the southern regions of the archipelago. They were gradually forced to leave their coastal settlements by more aggressive groups. It appears that the Mangyans have traditionally been unwarlike people, choosing to give up an area uncontested rather than fight for it.” They gave up their land ,to avoid disputes, and moved to mountains and came down only for food Mindoro was formerly called “Mait” The island was a busy trading port it was visited by Chinese merchants. When Spanish began to explore the island and named it “Mina de Oro” which means Mine of Gold, after finding some of the precious metal and gold in 1570 There were objects found underneath the island, such as ceramics, porcelain, large earthenware, beads, and a glass object. These are evidences of the pre-colonial trade, which contributed to the shaping of an indigenous material culture among the early inhabitants of Mindoro. LANGUAGE They speak languages like Ambahan and Phoneme Ambahan is a language that Hanuno’o Mangyans use. Ambahan is usually written on bamboos. “It is a rhythmic poetic expression with a meter of seven syllable lines and having rhythmic end-syllables.It is most often presented as a chant without a determined musical pitch or accompaniment by musical instruments.” Phoneme is a language that Buhid Mangyans and Tawbuid Mangyans use HISTORY CULTURE Each Mangyan subgroup have a different set of beliefs, traditions and culture. The other sub-groups' sets are not found in the internet and other books. Meaning, their culture is RARE and some subgroups are slowly modernizing. Iraya The Iraya Mangyans live in some parts of Oriental Mindoro but most are in Occidental Mindoro.
They have curly or deep wavy hair and dark skin. During ancient times, the Iraya traditional attire was made of dry tree bark, pounded to make it flat and soft. The women usually wore a blouse and a skirt and the men wore g-strings made of cloth. Nowadays, the Iraya are dressed like the lowland people. The simple modern clothes are easier to find than their traditional clothes. The Irayas are skilled in weaving nito. Handicrafts like jars, trays, bags, baskets, and hats of different sizes and design are being sold to the lowlanders. Alangan Most Alangan Mangyans are found in Occidental and Oriental Mindoro The Alangan Mangyans practise swidden farming like the other tribes do, which has eleven stages. "Two of them are the firebreak-making (agait) and the fallowing (agpagamas). A firebreak is made so the fire will not go beyond the swidden site where the vegetation is thoroughly dry and ready for burning. Two years after clearing, cultivation of the swidden is normally ceased and the site is allowed to revert back to forest [Quiaoit, 1997]." Tau-Buid The Tau-buids are known to be pipe-smokers, even the children are allowed. The Tau-buid Mangyans live mostly in Occidental Mindoro. "Ambahans are known and recited by Hanunuo-Mangyans, both old and young. Of course, different ambahans will be appropriate for different age groups." "The children definitely have their own kind of ambahans, something which might be considered as the equivalent of our nursery rhymes. However, even in these rhymes all the elements of the ambahan are present; the main distinction lies in the simplicity of the language used. The ambahans for children, however, are short, most of them containing not more than six lines." Modernized Iraya Mangyan boy and girl doing traditional "The Drama of Life" dance in a festival Iraya traditions "The eldest takes the place of the parents during their absence and is one considered the second parent. He/She is likewise considered the intermediar between the parents and the younger siblings. "
If a criminal act or offense is done , it is corrected by the Pangaw or Tige. Pangaw is the Iraya's version of prison cell. The Tige is an Irayan punishment , where the suspects of the crime or offense, are ordered to submerge their right hands into a pot of boiling water with a white stone at the bottom of the pot. The suspects are supposed to get the white stone without getting burned. If a suspect is not burnt, that means he/she is not guilty. Alangan beliefs "They cut open the forest every year or two to make new swidden sites. "
In cases of adultery, and the wife's refusal to obey the husband's orders, divorce is granted.
"The transfer of some goods is made on the occasion of a wedding and the remaining goods are inherited by only one of the children who remains in the family. "
The Alangans believe that Ambuau carries this world and your life. And death is found under Ambuau's feet.
A living person has one good soul at the right side of his/her body, and a bad soul at the left side. Standard dress for men and women is the loin cloth Tadyawan In the ancient times, the women wore a cloth called paypay for their upper covering . For their lower covering, they wrapped a white cloth around their waist called talapi. The men wore g-strings called abay. Nowadays, the women rarely wear their traditional outfits, but some men still wear the abay. Buhid The Buhids are known as pot makers. Other Mangyan tribes used to buy their cooking pots from the Buhids. The word Buhid literally means "mountain dwellers Hanunoo Hanunoo beliefs Hanunoo Mangyan girls marry at an early age . Before, marriages were arranged . They were arranged by the rich girl's parents who are friends with the rich boy's parents. Nowadays, Mangyan girls marry at the right age and for love.
Hanunoos have two burial occasions. The first happens after the death, and the second happens after two years of the death when the bones have to be removed from the grave.
They believe in a supreme being called Maha na Makaako who watches over them.
They believe in evil spirits and immortality.
They fill in their teeth when they're young so the teeth would grow straight and even.
When boys court girls, they sing ambahans which are poems with seven syllables each line. Their music is produced by stringed instruments like the Gitgit, Kudyapi, and Kinaban. Batangan Batangan traditions Amurit or witchcraft is taught to adult males. They use withcraft foir rituals and for curing. It is taught among the males of one family and some rituals are passed on.
The leader of the household is the husband or father. sites we used:
http://www.mangyan.org/
http://phch.eccmanila.org/tribal.html
http://litera1no4.tripod.com/mangyan_frame.html

the names of the authors of the books we used are next to the text. we hoped you enjoyed this project! thank you!
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