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Ryon Tartell

on 30 March 2014

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Transcript of Alcohol

Drinking and Driving
National Minimum Drinking Age Act of 1984
States were punished if they did not comply with a drinking age of 21
Alcohol, 'Merica, and Prohibition
We believe that the drinking age should be 18
The rate of drunk driving is highest among 21 to 25 year olds (23.4 percent). Meaning that underage drinkers are less likely to drink and drive.
Critics of leaving the drinking age up to individual states complain that this created blood borders, and a high rate of drinking and driving from the 18-20 year old population. Although, the main reason these accidents were occurring is because these young adults were driving across the border to drink, and were forced to then drive home.
What age should it be?
Should the Minimum Drinking Age be Lowered?
Rise of Temperance

1851 - Maine becomes the first state to prohibit the sale and manufacture of liquor.
The United States is one of the only developed countries in the world with the drinking age over 18. There are three others: South Korea, Iceland, and Japan.
At 18 years old, you are considered an adult; you can vote, marry, be enlisted in a draft but you'll still be arrested for drinking even a sip of alcohol.
Is it reasonable for the Government to keep the drinking age at 21 at the expense of federal highway funding for 10%? No.

If you can enlist, vote, and be considered an adult at 18, you should be allowed to drink.
The Negatives
A NIGHTHAWK Presentation
Blood Borders formed between states with different alcohol age restrictions.
Traffic fatalities of underage kids were very high. Crossing over to other states where the drinking age was lower and then driving back was a major problem.
The nineteenth century brought about Age of Industrialization and with it, a change in attitude towards drinking and drunkedness. Drinking was viewed as an obstacle towards efficiency and growth. Additionally, religious and moral organizations believed that it was immoral and a sin to consume alcohol. With this mindset came the onset of the Temperance Movement.
1840 - Widely accepted as the precursor to Alcoholics Anonymous, the "Society of Reformed Drunkards" is formed.
1893 - A major adversary to alcohol as we know it, the "Anti-Saloon League" is formed in Oberlin, OH.
Prohibition Strikes, Falters

1919 - 18th Amendment is ratified, effectively ending all legal sale, manufacture, and purchase of alcoholic beverages in the US.
1924 - The "Boston Herald" offers $200 to the reader who comes up with the best new word for a person who ignores the new amendment and drinks illegal liquor with glee.
1929 - Gang violence on the rise in nearly every US city.
1929 - Stock Market crash welcomes in the Great Depression.
1933 - 18th Amendment is repealed via the 21st amendment. America toasts.
What Our Peers Say...
Out of a survey of 30 students:
Organizations like Mother Against Drunk Driving (MADD) formed to support the raising of the NDMA and played a major role in the decrease of drunk driving.
96% said that they have consumed alcohol before the age of 21

66% said that they consumed alcohol before attending college

63% thought the drinking age should be lowered.

26% thought that it should be lowered to 19

68% thought that it should be lowered to 18

6% thought that it should be lowered to 16
What should it be lowered to?
The could lose up to 10% of their highway funding if they did not raise the drinking age.
By 1995, all states were in full compliance of the NMDAA
After the repeal of the 18th Amendment was repealed and Prohibition era finally came to a close, it was bottoms up for anyone 16 or over in Ohio.
Drinking in Ohio
Just 16! So what happened between then and now that led to the eventual drinking age 5 years greater? Well just a few years after the 21st amendment, it was decided that 16 was simply too young and so it was increased in 1935 to 18. It remained at 18 until 1984 when things got
In 1982 the Presidential Commission Against Drunk Driving was established. It was their duty to come up with recommendations to cut into the amount of alcohol-related deaths that was viewed as an epidemic sweeping the nation.
After coming up with 39 total recommendations, PCDD decided to disproportionally focus their attention on increasing the drinking. In 1984, the group decided that the best option would be to encourage all the states to increase their minimum drinking age or they would lose a certain portion of federal highway dollars (more on this later).
In 1987, Ohio finally conceded to the pressure of the federal government and raised its drinking age to 21 where it has remained to this day, much to the dismay of many college froshmen.
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