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Transcript of Jerry Uelsmann
Influences Inspiration Influences Techniques Voyager-2008 Approach to Photography Achievements in Photography Uelsmann's Background Jerry Norman Uelsmann was born in Detroit, Michigan on June 11, 1934. He is the second eldest son in his family, and his father owned an independant grocery store.
In 1972 he married Marylinn Kamischke, however they got divorced and he re-married in 1975 to F. Diane Farris.
He is currently retired, living in Gainesville, Florida. Uelsmann studied at the Rochester Institute of Technology, and received a B.F.A (Bachelor of Fine Arts) degree in 1957.
He later went to the Indiana University where he graduated in 1960 with a Master of Fine Arts degree.
In 1960 he began teaching at the University of Florida, and by 1966 had become and associate professor.
The university gave him a grant which allowed him to spend most of his time traveling, delivering lectures and holding workshops. In 1974 Uelsmann became a graduate reasearch professor of art at the University of Florida. Uelsmann's first major solo exhibition was held
in the Jacksonville art Museum in 1963.
Over the past 30 years he has exhibited in more than
100 shows internationally. His photographs are in the permanent collection of museums worldwide such as: the Metropolian Museum of Art, Museum of Modern Art in New York, the Victoria and Albert Museum of London, National Gallery of Australia and the Tokyo Metropolitan Museum of Photography. Jerry Uelsmann sees photography as a creative medium rather than just a means of recording a particular image, he experiments in his darkroom with an open mind and from this, new ideas are created. Jerry creates his images in his darkroom, not using Photoshop or a computer.
He combines multiple negatives and enlargers to create his photographs, in black and white. His photographs are a mixture of trees, rocks, water and human figures, which are put together in unexpected ways.
The result is a seamless whole image, which represents his imaginative vision. This can be seen in: This photo has been mirrored
down the center however the
man and the boat in the middle
of the image make it appear as
if it had not been mirrored at all. "When you have subjects that are really open-ended, like a floating rock or a tree or whatever, that causes the consciousness of the viewer to come up with their own way of connecting with that image. It's the audience that completes the cycle." - Jerry Uelsmann Uelsmann's early influences include: Harry Callahan, Frederic Sommer, Wynn Bullock and Edward Western.
However, his main influences were Minor White and Ralph Hattersby from the Rochester Institute and Henry Holmes-Smith from Indiana University.
The most significant thing he learnt from White was that "his camera had the ability not only to record images, but also that it had the potential of transcending the initial subject matter." Education While he was studying at Indiana University, Jerry's class was discussing a photograph of a woman superimposed onto a highway, Uelsmann saw a flaw in it- a door hinge in the background and believed he could do a better job. Since then he has wanted to redo photographs other photographers had done, because he thought he could do it better. This is when his dark room experimentations began, his ideas coming from other areas of art from around the world. Conclusion In conclusion Jerry Uelsmann's photographs evoke an emotive response in the audience, by the use of multi-layered photography. His images represent humans in nature and reflect surrealism.
His images are able to achieve this dream-like feel due to the effort he put into creating them using his darkroom. Meaning His images imply that both the natural and
unnatural elements of the world, develop from the same source. Uelsmann describes the appeal of his imagesto be like "Something beyond language that connects one with aesthetic experiences such as music." He states that his intial approach is non-intellectual, he does not plan out what he will do before he takes the photos. Constricted Eye-1961 Untitled-1976 Often called "Philosopher's desk", this is due to the meaning behind the photograph. The open roof and clouds make it look as though it is in a dream, representing the philosopher's imagination. The man walking along the book, being the philosopher, pondering the philosophical questions of life, represented by the book. "my hidden agenda is to amaze myself. The quest is to produce something that is uniquely mine" - Jerry Uelsmann Self portrait-1990 When Uelsmann first started creating his photographs people would state that "it is very interesting but it is not photography", this is because they were used to the straight photography of Ansel Adams and Edward Weston, and multi-layered photography was a new concept. Bibliography http://bermangraphics.com/press/jerry-uelsmann.htm